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Elijah

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Julie Cooke

on 29 October 2013

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Transcript of Elijah

1 Kings 19:11-12


11 ...and behold, the Lord passed by, and a great and strong wind tore into the mountains and broke the rocks in pieces before the Lord, but the Lord was not in the wind; and after the wind an earthquake, but the Lord was not in the earthquake;
Elijah's Message
Northern Kingdom prophet
In Hebrew: Eliyahu. Means in Hebrew: Eli (my God) + Yahu (the Lord, the Hebrew God). Thus the name means "The Lord (Yahweh) is my God"
Miracle worker and intercessor
西班牙人说 西班牙语About Elijah
The Prophet Elijah

Elijah's message was that by praying to one God and one God alone (Yahweh), that one will be successful, taken care of, and capable of conquering one's enemies
He did not like the way Ahab was controlling his people so he decided he would defend God against these false idols.
Elijah prophesized the drought and then cursed Ahab's son and his wife.
-"The dogs will devour Jezebel in the field of Jezreel" (21:23)
Elijah curses Ahab, "As the Lord lives, the God of Israel who I serve, there will be no dew or rain except at my bidding" (I Kings 17:1).

"He picked up the mantle of Elijah that had fallen from him, and went back and stood on the bank of the Jordan. He took the mantle of Elijah that had fallen from him, and struck the water, saying, “Where is the Lord, the God of Elijah?” When he had struck the water, the water was parted to the one side and to the other, and Elisha went over."
I Kings 2:13-14
Elijah's Actions Against Ahab
The Meaning of the Mantle
The passing on of Elijah's mantle symbolized the passing of his power as a prophet and a leader.
As we read before a mantle is a prophets garment, by passing this on, he was passing on his role.
After this passage the prophets at Jericho proclaimed that, "The spirit of Elijah rests on Elisha."
Translation
'addereth {ad-deh'-reth} was translated to mantle in the bible, but addereth can be translated to many other things such as, glory, cloak, splendor, magnificence, cloak made of fur or fine material, or a prophet's garment

Interpretation
12 and after the earthquake a fire, but the Lord was not in the fire; and after the fire a still small voice.
Represents the power of Yahweh but without viciousness, he was powerful but also,
"...the Lord was not in the wind..."
People only worshiped Ba'al, the storm-god, to appease his destructive nature, whereas Yahweh is listened to with simply a still small voice
This displays how Yahweh's power is greater because he doesn't need to be violent to be influential
Yahweh's superiority over Ba'al
God's answer to his fear does not come in powerful winds, a bold earthquake or big fire
Gentle whisper, divine presence
All this commotion that is going on all around you is unimportant
Stop and listen
Open our hearts to God's unending and eternal love
Highlights of Elijah's Career
Angered over the construction of Jezebel's Temple to Baal, Elijah confronts and condemns Ahab, predicting a three year drought.
Fleeing to the wilderness, Elijah stays with a widow woman and her son, providing them with boundless food in return for her faith.
Returning to the widow woman weeks later, Elijah heals her son who had died.
Elijah then returns to Israel to announce the end of the drought and challenge the prophets of Baal.
He succeeds in lighting an alter through the power of God, and proceeds to kill the 450 prophets.
Elijah then flees Israel again and ascends Mount Horeb to speak with God.
This passing of Elijah's mantle set the standard for Elisha as Elijah's prophetic successor.
Elijah’s mantle as previously stated stood for his glory, splendor, and magnificence
This put responsibility on Elisha to live up to all Elijah accomplished.
Elijah not only set the standard as high as himself, but he encouraged Elisha to do more than him by bestowing on Elisha “the double share of Elijah’s spirit.” This declared Elisha the new leader of the prophetic guilds once Elijah departed.

Elijah returns again to Israel and is confronted by Ahab. He then predicts the deaths of Ahab, Jezebel, and their children.
Elijah's prophecy comes to pass and King Ahab is killed in battle. Jezebel too would die years later, eaten by dogs as prophesied.
Ahab's son Ahaziah sends search parties after Elijah. Two are consumed by fire. The third captures him but then lets him go.
The Giving of the Mantle Set a Standard
http://www.the-cartoonist.com/cot/30_cot.html
At God's command, he appoints Elisha his successor.
After traveling with Elisha, he parts the waters of the Jordan.
2 Kings: 11 "And it came to pass, as they still went on, and talked, that, behold, there appeared a chariot of fire, and horses of fire, and parted them both asunder; and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven."
From Tishbe
Lived around 860 BCE
Prophsized throughout Judah and Israel

Elijah is written about in I Kings: 17-19, 21 and II Kings: 1-2
He is also referenced in the descriptions of Elisha's successes because they greatly parallel Elijah's successes
Texts about Elijah written in prose as part of the Deuteronomistic History
Bibliography
Carroll, R. P. “The Elijah-Elisha Sagas: Some Remarks on Prophetic Succession in Ancient Israel.” Vetus Testamentum 19, no. 4 (Oct. 1999): 400-415. JSTOR.

“Elijah.” Jewish Virtual Library. Cited October 24, 2013. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/Elijah.html.

Faierstein, Morris. “Why do the Scribes Say That Elijah Must Come First?” Journal of Biblical Literature 100, no. 1 (Mar. 1981): 75-86. JSTOR.

Fretheim, Terence. First and Second Kings. Westminster Bible Companion. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 1999.

Harris, Stephen L. Exploring the Bible. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2010.

Hens-Piazza, Gina. 1-2 Kings. Abingdon Old Testament Commentaries. Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 2006.

Johnson, Siegfried. “Elijah.” Pages 463-66 in vol. 2 of The Anchor Bible Dictionary. Edited by David Noel Freedman. 6 vols. New York: Doubleday, 1992.

1 Kings, 2 Kings. The Harper-Collins Study Bible, New Revised Standard Version. Edited by Harold W. Attridge. San Francisco: HarperOne, 1989.

The New Layman’s Parallel Bible. King James Version, New International Version, Living Bible, Revised Standard Version. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Corp., 1981.

Strong, James. A Concise Dictionary of the Words in The Hebrew Bible: with their Renderings in the Authorized English Version. Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible. Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 1980.

Victory of prophet Elijah over the Baal prophets.
http://destination-yisrael.biblesearchers.com
Writings about Elijah
A traditional site where Elijah lived and hid from Ahab and Jezebel.
North-west corner of
the Carmel
East side of the Carmel
The country suffers the drought as Elijah predicted
Jezebel is furious and wants to track Elijah down
Frightened, he goes up into Mt. Sinai to get away from Jezebel
There God instructs him to return
Jordan-Jericho
Site of Elijah's departure - the Jordan river near Jericho.
Jerusalem/Bethlehem
The monastery is named after prophet Elijah (St. Elias), who according to tradition stopped here on his way to the south while fleeing from the anger of queen Jezebel, after slaying the Baal prophets on the Carmel.
Elijah's Relevance Today
Elijah is an influential figure in the 3 major monotheistic religions
One of only 3 people in the Bible to ascend
His story of listening to God's "still small voice" relates to our approach of Christian Science today.
-The prophets of Ba'al that Elijah killed represent material beliefs that can be overcome.
God's answer to his fear does not come in powerful winds, a bold earthquake or big fire
gentle whisper, divine presence
stop and listen
Open our hearts to God's unending and eternal love


God's answer to his fear does not come in powerful winds, a bold earthquake or big fire
Gentle whisper, divine presence
Stop and listen
Open our hearts to God's unending and eternal love
Full transcript