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Copy of Project Based Learning in the Elementary School Classroom

Investigate the background and benefits of Project Based Learning (or PBL).

M Christoff

on 14 February 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Project Based Learning in the Elementary School Classroom

Resources Resources Project Based Learning
in the Elementary Classroom
(PBL) Created By: Courtney Smith Benefits Spectacular Things Happen Along the Way: Lessons from an Urban Classroom (Teaching for Social Justice)
By: Brian Schultz

Ecological, Futures, and Global Curriculum (EFG)

The Project Approach

International Baccalaureate - Primary Years Program

Exemplars: Orlander Elem., Powell GT Magnet School, and Clearview Elem. Project Ideas for the Elementary Classroom Founding and Establishing Your Own Restaurant

Courtyard Redesign

Kindergarten Harvest

Scientific Projects Including Geographical, Ecological, and
Historical Explorations

Extending The Three Little Pigs,
The Little Red Hen, or
The Lion and the Mouse

Human Rights Investigation Resources for Benefits and Limitations Grant, M. M. & Branch, R. M., 2005

Mitchell, S., Foulger, T. S., Wetzel, K., & Rathkey, C., 2008

Aral, N., Kandir, A., Ayhan, A. B., & Yasar, M. C., 2010 Promotes Effective Teaching and Learning What is PBL? Benefits and Limitations of PBL Examples of PBL
in the Elementary Setting Why PBL? Instructional Method that:
Is student-centered

Requires students to take command and be responsible for their own learning experiences

Helps students develop expert knowledge

Encourages students to explore a wide range of problems

Utilizes a variety of technological tools

Culminates with authentic student presentations of knowledge Social and Global Forces that Impact Curriculum Connections:
Technology in Schools: What the Research Says

Teaching with Tools Kids Really Use
By: Susan Brooks-Young Promotes Effective
Teaching and Learning (Grant, M. M. & Branch, R. M., 2005) Let's Take a Closer Look... Three Phases
Project Based Learning
Teacher Identifies Learning Outcomes and Selects a Topic to Address these Standards Teacher helps students identify questions that will guide investigation Phase 1 (Mitchell, S., Foulger, T. S., Wetzel, K. & Rathkey, C., 2008) Phase 2 Students Collaborate
to Investigate Subtopics
Related to the
Topic of Focus Phase 3 Students Create a Culminating Activity to Summarize their Investigation "Knowledge representation
is critical to
knowledge construction
and meaning making" (Spires, H. A., Hervey, L. G., Morris, G., & Stelpflug, C., 2012) Incorporates use of Multimodal Literacy Representational Modes Include:
Spatial Multimodal Literacy: the ability to concurrently make meaning through different representational modes (Spires, H. A., Hervey, L. G., Morris, G.,
& Stelpflug, C., 2012) Foundations for PBL John Dewey and Lev Vygotsky - Encouraged Experiential Learning Theory Behind PBL

Vygotsky - Effective Learning Environments:
Incorporate Personal Interest
Provide for Collaboration - Allows students to make meaning from other individuals or resources

Other Pedagogical Settings where PBL is Visible:
Project-Based Science
Disciplined Inquiry
Open-Ended Learning Environments
Student-Centered Learning Environments (Grant, M. M. & Branch, R. M., 2005) 8 Essentials for Project Based Learning 1. Significant Content

2. Need to Know or an Entry Event

3. Driving Question

4. Student Voice and Student Choice

5. 21st Century Skills

6. Inquiry and Innovation

7. Feedback and Revision

8. Publicly Presented Products Standards based and impacts students' lives

Piques students' interests

Focuses students' efforts on a specific area

Can include general guidelines from teacher. Students then select the product.

Builds skills such as collaboration, communication, critical thinking, and use of technology

Begins with student's initial questions and leads to the generation of new questions

Includes feedback from both teachers, experts, peers, and the use of rubrics

Presented to real audiences - Improves quality and makes it more meaningful for students (Larmer, J. & Mergendoller, J. R., 2010) Incorporates Social and Global Forces that Impact the Curriculum Builds Intrinsic Motivation
Allows Students to Apply Skills
Increases Self-Esteem
Enhances Social Skills Increases Problem Solving Ability
Improves Research, Communication, and Resource-Management Skills
Advances Technological Skills
Cultivates 21st Century Skills Connections:
The Girl with the Brown Crayon
By: Vivian Gussin Paley Play is More Than Fun
By: Stuart Brown Classroom discussions increased motivation and fostered improvement of social skills Both are motivating, improve social skills, and allow students to employ critical thinking and problem solving skills Click Below to view Stuart Brown's Speech
"Play is More Than Fun" (Kucharski, G. A., Rust, J. O., & Ring, T. R., 2005) Each of these resources describes how students use technology to meet their needs and complete meaningful projects. Other Examples: Limitations Cultivation of Conceptual Knowledge Individualization Leading to Increased Motivation Improved Problem Solving Ability Enhanced Time Management and Planning Positively Impacts Self-Esteem Encourages Curiosity, Reflection, and Awareness of Other's Perspectives Promotes 21st Century Skills Lacks Specific Guidelines Lacks Clarity with Regards to Planning Assessment is difficult to evaluate Increased Pressure to Focus on Standards Based Instruction and Assessment Focus on Breadth of Content over Depth Switch from Didactic to Open-Ended environments is difficult for Students Aral, N., Kandir, A., Ayhan, A. B., & Yasar, M. C. (2010). The influence of project-based curricula on six-year-old preschoolers’ conceptual development. Social Behavior & Personality: An International Journal, 38(8), 1073-1079. doi: 10.2224/sbp.2010.38.8.1073

Buck Institute for Education (Producer). (2010). Project-based learning explained [MPEG4]. Available from http://www.bie.org/videos/video/project_based_learning_explained

ChanLin, L. (2008). Technology integration applied to project-based learning in science. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 45(1), 55-65. doi: 10.1080/1703290701757450

Grant, M. M. & Branch, R. M. (2005). Project-based learning in a middle school: Tracing abilities through the artifacts of learning. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 38(1), 65-98.

International Baccalaureate (Producer). (2010). Overview-IB primary years programme [MPEG4]. Available from http://www.ibo.org/pyp/

Kucharski, G. A., Rust, J. O., & Ring, T. R. (2005). Evaluation of the ecological, futures, and global (EFG) curriculu: A project based approach. Education, 125(4), 652-668.

Larmer, J. & Mergendoller, J. R. (2012). 8 essentials for project-based learning. Retreived from Buck Institute for Education website: http://www.bie.org/images/uploads/useful_stuff/8_Essentials_article_small_file_size_Oct2012version.pdf

Lee, C. I. & Tsai, F. Y. (2004). Internet project-based learning environment: The effects of thinking styles on learning transfer. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 20(1), 31-39. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2729.2004.00063.x

Lemke, C., Coughlin, E., & Reifsneider, D. (2009). Technology in schools: What the research says. Retrieved from Cisco website: http://www.cisco.com/web/strategy/docs/education/tech_in_schools_what_research_says.pdf Lotherington, H., Holland, M., Sotoudeh, S., & Zentena, M. (2008). Project-based community language learning: Three narratives of multilingual story-telling in early childhood education. Canadian Modern Language Review, 65(1), 125-145. doi: 10.3138/cmlr.65.1.125

Mitchell, S., Fougler, T. S., Wetzel, K., & Rathkey, C. (2008). The negotiated project approach: Project-based learning without leaving the standards behind. Early Childhood Education Journal, 36(4), 339-346. doi: 10.1007/s10643-008-0295-7

National Institute for Play (Producer). (2009). Play is more than fun [MPEG4]. Available from http://www.ted.com/talks/stuart_brown_says_play_is_more_than_fun_it_s_vital.html

Noam, G. G. (2003). Learning with excitement: Bridging school and after-school worlds and project-based learning. New Directions for Youth Development, 2003(97), 121-138.

Patton, A. (2012). Work that matters: The teacher’s guide to project-based learning. Retrieved from Innovation Unit website: http://www.innovationunit.org/sites/default/files/Teacher%27s%20Guide%20to%20Project-based%20Learning.pdf

Spires, H. A., Hervey, L. G., Morris, G., & Stelpflug, C. (2012). Energizing project-based inquiry: Middle-grade students read, write, and create videos. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 55(6), 483-493. doi: 10.1002/JAAL.00058

Stillisano, J. R., Waxman, H. C., Hostrup, J., & Rollins, K. B. (2011). Case studies of eight Texas schools implementing International Baccalaureate programs. Journal of Ethnographic & Qualitative Research, 5(3), 171-185.

The George Lucas Educational Foundation (Producer). (2001). From worms to wall street: Projects prompt active, authentic learning [MPEG4]. Retrieved from http://www.edutopia.org/newsome-park-elementary-project-learning-video (continued)
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