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Mariachi and Mexican Culture

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Alan Heise

on 7 May 2014

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Transcript of Mariachi and Mexican Culture

Mariachi and Mexican Culture
Mariachi: Musical Practice
Mariachi Repertoire
Son Jalisciense
-
Expression of
Alegria
(Joy), fast tempo, 3/4 to 6/8 rhythm, sharp tonguing, joyful singing
Son Jarocha
-
Mexican
son
from Veracruz adapted for mariachi; melodies originally performed on a harp
Ranchera
-
Rhythmically and musically simple, slow, yet powerfully emotional
Corrido
-
Similar to
Ranchera
in style, but about a specific significant historical event
Bolero
-
Romantic song in 4/4 time
Polka
-
Upbeat tempo, dancing encouraged!
Vals
-
(Mexican Waltz) 3/4 time, traditionally played for family events such as a girl's 15th birthday celebration
Huapango
- features striking and damping of guitar strings, falsetto singing

Mariachi as Culture
Transformed by migration to cities in the early 1900s
Transition from music of the peasant/countryside to music of elite. (Traje de charros)
Cinema of the 1940s and 50s
Nationally recognized by the government as "Mexican" and culturally significant
Mariachi as Mexican; single ethnicity of Mariachi
Videos
Culture of Mariachi
The Mariachi Ensemble
Let's Sing!
Resources
References
Gradante, William. (2008).
Foundations of Mariachi Education Vol. 1: Materials, Methods, and Resources.
Rowman and Littlefield Education: Lanham, MD.

Sheehy, Daniel. (2006)
. Mariachi Music in America: Experiencing Music, Experiencing Culture.
Oxford University Press: New York, NY.

Madrid, Alejandro L. (2013)
. Music in Mexico: Experiencing Music, Expressing Culture.
Oxford University Press; New York, NY.


Gradante, William. (2008).
Foundations of Mariachi Education Vol. 1: Materials, Methods, and Resources.
Rowman and Littlefield Education: Lanham, MD.

IMDB,"Synopsis for La Hija del Mariachi." http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0496199/synopsis?ref_=ttt_ov_pl

Madrid, Alejandro L. (2013)
. Music in Mexico: Experiencing Music, Expressing Culture.
Oxford University Press; New York, NY.

Mulholland, Mary-Lee. (2007). "
Mariachi,
Myths, and
Mestizaje:
Popular Culture and Mexican National Identity." in
National Identities.
9: (3) 247-264.

Sheehy, Daniel. (2006)
. Mariachi Music in America: Experiencing Music, Experiencing Culture.
Oxford University Press: New York, NY.
Para bailar La Bamba
Para bailar La Bamba
Se necessita una poca de gracia
Una poca de gracia
Para mi, para ti, ay arriba, ay arriba
Ay, arriba arriba
Por ti sere, por ti sere, por ti sere

Yo no soy marinero
Yo no soy marinero, soy capitan
Soy capitan, soy capitan
Bamba, bamba
Bamba, bamba
Bamba, bamba, bam


La Bamba- Ritchie Valens
La Bamba- Traditional Son Jarocho
(Translation)

In order to dance The Bamba
In order to dance the Bamba
You need a little bit of grace
A little bit of grace
For me, for you, ah up, ah up(or higher and higher)
Ah, up, up (literally "faster, faster")
By you I will be, by you I will be, by you I will be
(Por can also mean by and not just for)

I am not a sailor,
I am not a sailor, I am a captain
I am a captain, I am a captain
Bamba, bamba
Bamba, bamba
Bamba, bamba, bam

Taken from: http://www.lyricsmode.com/
Lyrics from: http://www.lyricsmode.com/lyrics/r/ritchie_valens/la_bamba.html
Originally music of the countryside, music of the laborer
Idea of
machismo

Idea of
mestizaje
, (blend of cultures)
Portrays many of the following ideas: love of country, the land, cultural heritage, beautiful women and brave men.
Cucurrucucu Paloma- La Hija del Mariachi
Genre: Huapango
Sabor a Mi - Mariachi Mexicanisimo de Raymundo Coronado. Genre: Bolero
Combination of Native American and Spanish Cultures
(Mestizaje).
Introduction of stringed instruments to New Spain (1521-1821)
Combination of dancing and singing
Transmitted through aural tradition
Historically passed down from father to son
Learning takes place informally and usually occurs at festivals, religious holidays, and family celebrations
Instruments include the Violin, Trumpet, 6-string guitar,
guitarron
,
vihuela,
and
guitarra
Guitarron
: larger bass guitar
Vihuela
: smaller guitar
Guitarra
:
sized between a guitar and vihuela
Guitar,
guitarrón
, and
vihuela
comprise the rhythm section of most mariachi groups
Violins, trumpets, and singers perform the melody
Additional instruments can include a harp, accordion, drums and other percussion
Guitarrón
Guitarra
Vihuela
Guitar
Trumpet
Violin
Mariachi Instruments
Mariachi in the Classroom

http :// www.youtube.com/watch?v=D8grq52_Zns
Vals Alejandra- for the 15th birthday
of Alejandra Lizbeth
Sabor a Mi- boda de Bianca Mariachi
Femenil Orgullo Mexicano. Aug 3, 2013
Play Mariachi-style music on classroom instruments
Select appropriate repertoire
Mariachi as an Ensemble
Select appropriate repertoire
Performance attire
Get involved with the community
Full transcript