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Compare/Contrast-SE Asia and Africa
Transcript of Compare/Contrast-SE Asia and Africa
Human environment interactions
-Peninsulas and islands (Malay Peninsula, Oceania)
-Higher elevations to the north and lower elevations to the coasts (Mountains on northern boundaries, and peninsula near the coast)(described in the Africa section as valleys and basins, those being areas of distinctive low elevations, in comparison to the areas around them)
-Volcanoes are a major part of the geography (because the east coast of SE Asia is part of the ring of fire.)
-Contains 360 glaciers located on South Island of New Zealand.
-Contains many plateaus and basins
-Distinctive Valleys and Basins
-Agriculture is a major part of the economy (more parts of both regions than others)
-Developing industries are also important to both economies.
Industry and agriculture are unevenly balanced.
-Countries in these regions have varying GDPs, showing that there are both decently developed and very poor (third world) countries in these areas. This means that both these regions are suffering from wide income gaps.
-The history of the politics of both these areas includes conflict and disagreement over political decisions and practices, whether they be major national disputes, or disputes in between tribes. These conflicts range from boundary disputes between nations and tribes, to complete disagreements with how a country decides to govern itself.
-Most countries are republics, with very few communist nations existing.
-Political disputes have led to wars.
-Education has not affected the economy. The economy is strong, even with the education system being practiced.
-Since there are more republics in SE Asia, this region has a better chance at longer economic success (because of free enterprise economy).
-There is a great deal of communism in region (many countries are still communist).
-There have been conflicts about politics, and economies, but they have never been as drastic as to get to war, such as Vietnam War.
-Education and the economy go hand in hand. Since the education system is not the best, the economy is suffering, which is actually leading to more conflicts in Africa.
-Since there are more communist nations, command economies have made it harder for Africa to have more economic success.
-Both regions contain major rivers (the Mekong R in
Southeast Asia, and the Nile R in Africa).
-Both regions have many mountain ranges
(in Southeast Asia,
the Annamese Cordillera, in Africa, the Atlas Mountains).
-Both of these regions contain large deserts (Great Victoria
Desert in Southeast Asia and the Sahara Desert in Africa).
-Both regions house a great amounts of minerals (many
minerals such as bauxite, diamond, lead, copper, and gold in
Southeast Asia and gold, diamonds, platinum, and cobalt in
-Overgrazing due to human actions, farming
and introduction of new species. In Australia,
overgrazing began when Thomas Austin released 24 rabbits into Australia. These rabbits mated and soon over a billion rabbits were living in Australia. These rabbits kept on grazing on the scarce wildlife The Outback had to offer, almost depleting all of the grass in the area. The farming of the Sahel, and the grazing of livestock that comes with farming, has caused the Sahel to become more desert like.
-Dams are in place along major rivers in both areas. Multiple dams on the Mekong R. in SE Asia, the Aswan High Dam on the Nile R. in Africa.
-Rabbits were introduced to both these regions, by humans (at different times).
-No oil drilling, oil drilling is not common
-Nuclear testing has contaminated certain islands, making them unsuitable for living
-Rabbit infestation, because humans brought them to Australia in 1859
-Oil drilling is common
-No nuclear testing, so no nuclear contamination is seen
-No specific animal problems
-Land Claims Issues. In SE Asia (and Oceania) Aboriginal people are losing land, and in Africa tribes' land breaks national boundaries, which creates conflict.
-Industrialization is pulling people away from past economic practices, such as agriculture, to big cities for new opportunities, even though these regions still need those that work in agriculture.
-Income gap is very big, and neither Africa nor SE Asia are making any progress in reducing the gap.
-Economy is developing relatively well, no major problems.
-Education is okay, no problems.
(No real issues in SE Asia that Africa does not have.)
-Severe economic problems. This region is in severe debt, needs to build economy.
-Severe education problems, when education gets better, so does economy.
By-Aidan, Allison, Isheta, and Loan
-Both regions contain a plethora of religions. The main religions in SE Asia are Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity. The main religions of Africa are Islam and Christianity. However, both of these regions are home to many small, native religions.
-Both regions generally enjoy similar sports, soccer being THE favorite sport of both regions. Other sports include cricket and martial arts.
-Both regions are home to many languages. Africa is home to over 2000 languages, and Southeast Asia, even though it isn't home to the same number of languages as Africa, it is home to hundreds of different languages (Africa-Arabic, Somali, Berber, Amharic, Oromo, Swahili, Hausa, Igbo, Fulani and Yoruba, SE Asia- Burmese, Indonesian, Malay, Thai, Vietnamese.
-Both of these regions have similar foods. They both eat rice, curries, and meats with a variety of spices.
-Music is a major influence on both regions. However, the way music influences both cultures is very different. In Southeast Asia, music is based off a more instrumental music, focusing on instruments native to the region.
-Dance, even though it is respected, is used more to portray major aspects of religion than honorableness.
-Clothes are not a significant aspect of everyday culture (but clothing is important in dances).
-Families stop at direct, blood related family, so social ties are weaker than they are in Africa, for example.
-Music in Africa, however, is based more off of rhythm and beats that, in a way, encompass more tribal aspects of the region.
-African dances are polycentric, meaning different parts of a dancer's body symbolize different meanings, which is very complicated type of dance. This shows the difficulty of dancing, and the honor dancers get in Africa.
-In Africa, clothing can be used to identify individuals from different tribes, so clothes are important to the overall culture of this region.
-Family in Africa includes whole tribes, not just direct family. This makes African societies (tribes, at least) more familiar with each other.
-There's a mass migration called the Bantu Migration. Around 2000 B.C., near southeastern Nigeria, the Bantu people moved southward throughout Africa, spreading their language and culture too. Which may have started due to land shortage. Unlike many other types of migrations, this migration stayed within the borders of the region.
-Tribes set up their own individual ruling ways and techniques. They were all stationary, so movement of these tribes was possible. These tribes ended up moving wherever they were forced to migrate to, because of changes in their environment or when European colonization occurred/.
-Unlike in SE Asia, when African migration occurred because of resource limitations, they stayed within borders, so they ended up getting closed in by areas of limited resources until they could migrate to other lands.
-Prehistoric People from Southeast Asia moved from the mainland to Pacific Islands, using small rafts or canoes, due to the land bridges that have disappeared. This type of migration was used to spread the SE Asian population through the islands of Oceania.
-Mandalas were rings of government. These governments were stationary, and didn't affect its surroundings very much. This idea did move to specifically Oceania and Australia when the natives of SE Asia decided to migrate to these areas.
-(Even though this is under compare) People did migrate for resource purposes. However, SE Asia had more discoverable lands than Africa, so they were (generally) never held in by a land.
-In both areas, colonialism involved the forceful colonization of the regions. However, both regions' natives were reluctant to leave their lands, and both regions won back their independence in the end. SE Asia did this sooner than Africa.
-Migration occurred in both areas when new resources were needed.
-Both regions' populations ended up migrating to different lands when colonization occurred. In both SE Asia and Africa, this means that colonization fueled the separation of native peoples and tribes, which isolated traditions and cultures. (In Africa, slave trade was an even bigger cause of this separation.)
-In both regions, migration to the areas (as less clearly discussed earlier) was fueled by a need for more resources.