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To Kill A Mockingbird
Transcript of To Kill A Mockingbird
Jem (Jeremy Finch)
Tom Robinson During the 1930's (the Great Depression)
Takes Place in a Southern town of the USA called Maycobm, Alabama
Racism and racial segregation a huge element of this town
Population has lived in the area for generations
Population is poor on a whole
Population is afraid of change
Gossip is a common pasttime in this community
Everyone knows everyone else in the town and all of their personal business. Race
Morality and Ethics
Compassion and Forgiveness To Kill A Mockingbird Based on an actual trial that took place in Scottsboro, Alabama in the 1930s
9 black youths were falsely charged with raping two white women in Alabama
The controversy all began in 1931 when a group of white and black men were riding a train to find work. A fight broke out between the white and black hobos and the whites were kicked off the train.
The white youths who were kicked off the train reported the incident and the black youths were put in jail.
Two white women were discovered among the white group, who were disguised and dressed as men to find work, and the white group accused the black youths of raping the two women (this never happened) Context for the Novel http://www.vmi.edu/content.aspx?id=16637 Scottsboro Trial Video Nelle Harper Lee was born on April 26, 1926.
Lee grew up in a small southern US town similar to the town, Maycobm , in the novel
Lee's father was a lawyer, similarly to Atticus (Scout and Jem's father) in the novel
Lee was 5 years old when the Scottsboro trial began and her novel To Kill a Mockingbird demonstrates many similarities to the trial and is most likely where she acquired the idea for her novel About the Author
Harper Lee Jim Crow refers to the racial caste system that existed in the Southern United States that lasted from 1877-the mid 1960s. The Jim Crow laws made black American citizens second class compared to whites. It also legitimized racism in the deep South (Pilgrim, "What Was Jim Crow").
The Jim Crow laws included:
"1.A black male could not offer his hand (to shake hands) with a white male because it implied being socially equal. Obviously, a black male could not offer his hand or any other part of his body to a white woman, because he risked being accused of rape.
2. Blacks and whites were not supposed to eat together. If they did eat together, whites were to be served first, and some sort of partition was to be placed between them.
3.Under no circumstance was a black male to offer to light the cigarette of a white female -- that gesture implied intimacy. Jim Crow Definition and Laws Context continued... The trial was held in Scottsboro, Alabama and the jury consisted of all white men.
All 9 black youths, except the 12 year old boy, were found guilty sentenced to death.
This judgement caused an uproar throughout the USA and the judgement was eventually overturned by the Supreme Court
Information taken from The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow. The Scottsboro Trial. (http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_scotts.html) Jim Crow Laws Continued... 4.Blacks were not allowed to show public affection toward one another in public, especially kissing, because it offended whites.
5. Jim Crow etiquette prescribed that blacks were introduced to whites, never whites to blacks. For example: "Mr. Peters (the white person), this is Charlie (the black person), that I spoke to you about."
6. Whites did not use courtesy titles of respect when referring to blacks, for example, Mr., Mrs., Miss., Sir, or Ma'am. Instead, blacks were called by their first names. Blacks had to use courtesy titles when referring to whites, and were not allowed to call them by their first names.
7.If a black person rode in a car driven by a white person, the black person sat in the back seat, or the back of a truck.
8.White motorists had the right-of-way at all intersections" (Pilgrim, "What Was Jim Crow").
Pilgrim, David Professor. "What Was Jim Crow." Jim Crow Museum. Ferris
University, 2001. Web.