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The Main Themes of Microbiology

Introduction to types of microbes and history of microbiology
by

Misty Wehling

on 14 July 2014

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Transcript of The Main Themes of Microbiology

The Main Themes of Microbiology
Taxonomy
What are microbes?
History
Microbes are EVERYWHERE
Next Stop?
Good microbes
Bad microbes
Microscope
Scientific Method
Aseptic techniques
Germ Theory of
Disease
Organize
Classify
Name
Microbes are organisms too small to be seen with the unaided eye
Types of microbes
Bacteria
Fungi
Algae
Helminths
Protozoa
Viruses
Size perspective
How do we work with
microbes in the lab?
fig. 1.2, pg. 5
fig. 1.3, pg. 6
fig. 1.4, pg. 7
fig. 1.5a, pg. 8
pond scum
fungi decompose
a tomato
fig. 1.5b, pg. 8
fig. 1.5c, pg. 8
cyanobacteria in
Antartica
biodiesel made
from algae
fig. 1.6a, pg. 9
bioremediation of
radioactive waste
fig 1.6b, pg. 9
fig. 1.8, pg. 13
fig. 1.9a, pg. 13
fig. 1.9b, pg. 13
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
a model of his microscope
(1632-1723)
~2000 microbes cause disease - pathogens
pg. 10
fig. 1.7, pg. 10
Emerging Diseases
Ebola virus
West Nile virus
Hendra virus
Reemerging diseases
Tuberculosis
Influenza
Malaria
Cholera
Hepatitis B
Tyndall and Cohn discovered endospores
explained why some microbes were not
killed by heat
fig. 1.10, pg. 16
Insight 1.2 Spontaneous generation vs. biogenesis
Louis Pasteur
disproved spontaneous generation
developed pasteurization
Robert Koch
developed Koch's postulates
fig. 1.11, pg. 17
fig. 1.12, pg.18
Oliver Wendell Holmes
noticed mothers who gave birth at
home had fewer infections than
those who gave birth in a hospital
Ignaz Semmelweis
advocated for handwashing
between working with cadavers
and delivering babies
Joseph Lister
sterilized instruments and hands before surgery
fig. 1.13, pg. 19
Domain
Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
Species
fig. 1.15, pg. 23
Naming Organisms
Binomial nomenclature
Genus and species
Italicize when typing or underline when handwriting
http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/begin/cells/scale/
Full transcript