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Copy of Food Ethics
Transcript of Copy of Food Ethics
Pro v. Con Vegetarianism
Pro v. Con Factory Farming Pro GMO
Pro Factory Farming
Parallel to Huxley's Brave New World? Or a more streamlined and efficient future? Where do we go from here? What if? 20 Years From Now.... OR Anti GMO
Anti Factory Farming More sustainable with less technological innovation? More biocentric, less anthropocentric? Organisms that have been altered through genetic engineering to increase production or size of crop Benefits of Genetically Modified Organisms Allows for independence of developing world from developed world Creates superbacteria that resist antibacterial agents Devastates Biodiversity Hurts small farmers using different farming methods So why are they dangerous? Raising Animals To Slaughter The use of GMOs causes owners of small, homegrown farms to struggle to keep up with demand for larger, more abundant GMO crops, and hurts the economy.
GMO seeds are patented by travel to other farms, causing lawsuits Small Farms Superresistance Pandas eat Bamboo. Humans eat Meat. •Dairy & Meat Products worldwide:
-70% freshwater consumption, 48% total land use, 19% greenhouse gas emissions
•2/3 world water shortage by 2025
•Food production must increase 70% by 2050 to keep up with population
•More food for others Sustain: Eat Lower on the Food Chain •55% Soil Erosion in US
•37 % all pesticides and 50% all antibiotics in US
•1 kg beef88lb manure and 1kg pork33lb manure
•75% phosphorus and nitrogen from animal excrement
•Total GHGs: 65% nitrous oxide, 68% ammonia, 35% methane, 9% carbon dioxide
•18% more GHGs than SUVs, trucks, and cars combined Pollution •45% global water budget for food production goes to livestock
•In US, 253 million tons of grain and 250 million tons water go to livestock annually Meat dependency Destruction One example resides in Mexico, where GMO invasion from the homogenized American crop has seen a massive dip in the biodiversity of Mexico’s historically rich crop Reduction of Biodiversity GMOs can be catastrophic to biodiversity of both crop return and surrounding environment.
Loss of crop biodiversity causes catastrophes like the potato famine Reduction of Biodiversity GMOs are engineered to have increased resistance to pesticides, bacteria and other diseases.
This is dangerous as bacteria inevitably evolve increased resistance to the drugs that are produced by these genetically modified organisms. Can’t GMO’s help feed the world?
GMOs are dangerous to be given to the developing world as this makes them reliant on receiving food from others 3rd World Independence •30% of Earth’s land surface for grazing
•70% of Earth’s agriculture land to produce feed
•70% forests cleared in Amazon Biodiversity Loss Efficient allocation of human capital
Requires a smaller workforce Efficient use of land and resources
Requires less land than traditional farming practices
Strategic location of placement near cities lowers overall energy use and aids in the prevention of food shortages
Economies of scale: larger operations allow for reduced overall costs (lower relative fixed costs, ability to buy in bulk, maximization of efficiency through experimentation of various practices within test populations)
Streamlines farming processes Why Factory Farming? An Ethical Argument for
Factory Farming A more equitable consideration of interests (Utilitarian)
Traditional farming practices favor the wealthy
Large-scale farming operations reduce price for average consumer
Makes meat a more accessible product; thanksgiving turkey for all! Values interests of humans over interests of animals; not needlessly cruel however
Benefits for humanity justify the actions towards animals Why Factory Farming? Why Factory Farming? Why Factory Farming? Treats Living Beings as Industrial Products Removes People from the Land Chemical Use: Production Chemical Use: Disposal Side Effects of Chemical Use Fossil fuel / energy intensive health effects from environmental toxins is often unknown or hazardous Less Efficient -> More Jobs Biodiversity Loss Factory farming "prefers" monocrops, which means we are not cultivating as diverse food options People do the jobs that machines take over in factory farming Nutrients can be increased in certain foods to help impoverished people HOW DO ANIMALS TASTE? “Bits of bacon are like the fairy dust of the food community” –Jim Gaffigan GMOs decrease Agricultural Impact Genes can be inserted to create natural pesticides Could lessen the use of man made fertilizers and pesticides, leading to reduced runoff WHEN YOU SEE MEAT,
DO YOU WANT IT? PROTEIN - Plants contain incomplete proteins – the right mix can work, but must be diligent
IRON - From plants not as easily absored into system as from meat. Must avoid coffee and tea, and add Vitamin C during meal times to improve absorption
VITAMIN B12 - Found in dairy products and eggs – however most vegetarians have low levels and should take a supplement
VITAMIN D - No good source found in plants – take vitamin D in winter months
CALCIUM - If you don’t eat dairy products, you are at risk of becoming calcium diffienct
OMEGA-3 - No plant source, but can be produced from algae in the form of vegan DHA capsules
IODINE - Found in dairy products and sea vegetables, don’t miss out on that tasty seaweed! IS IT NATURAL FOR HUMANS TO BE VEGETARIANS? Like hard-core carnivores, we have simple digestive systems that are
well suited to the consumption of animal proteins (which break down quickly)
Herbivores have a variety of specialized digestive organs capable of (slowly)
breaking down cellulose, the main component of plant tissue.
It’s indigestible for us People have been modifying genes for thousands of years Plant domestication began around 12,000 years ago 2 MILLION YEARS OF LOVING MEAT THE EVOLUTION OF MAN Food can be produced in larger quantities and nearer to people GMOs can feed more people Direct genetic modification is simply the next step in the scientific progression of agriculture Let's Talk Nutrients VS GMO's create jobs in the science and agricultural sectors Monsanto, one of the largest bioengineering firms, has 22,000 people regularly employed around the world With the increased usage of GMOs, farmers can produce higher yields which can be sold for more money then regularly bred plants GMO's are as safe as regular crops The National Acadamies published a 250 page report based on hundreds of peer-reviewed papers showing normal growth and physiology in different generations of pigs, cows, and chickens Newly created GMOs undergo rigorous testing before being commercialized, and once in production, are strictly regulated It is also important to note that the major issues of
starvation in third world countries is based on food
distribution, and not access to food resources Is killing a cow the moral equivalent of committing homicide? What about the golden rule?