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All Quiet on the Western Front

Tuesday, November 20, 2012 Block 4

Chad Emerson

on 19 November 2012

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Transcript of All Quiet on the Western Front

Legend Purple Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 All Quiet on the Western Front Disillusionment Green Camaraderie Yellow Brutality of War Orange Psychological Impact Red Corrupting effect (The Lost Generation) of war on soldiers In chapters 1 and 2, Baumer visits Kemmerich while he is in the hospital, comforting him as he slowly dies. They feel a strong sense of loyalty and friendship because they grew up together. of Power Himmelstoss was a postman in civil life, but is a corporal in the army. This transition transformed him into a strict dictator and disciplinarian. "Yes, that's the way they think, these hundreds thousand Kantoreks! Iron Youth! Youth! We are none of us more than twenty years old. But young? Youth? Youth? That is long ago. We are old folks. We loved our country as much as they, we went courageously into every action: but also we distinguished false from true we learned to see. And we saw that there was nothing of them left. (pg 29) In chapter 1, you learn about the huge casualties resulting in WWI. After just one battle, 70 men were wounded or killed. Baumer tells the reader that all of the people his age that have survived have turned into old men because of the war " We were all at once terribly alone; and alone we must see it through." (Remarque, 13) "I remember the awful sights in the hospital:the gas patients who in day long suffocation cough up there burnt lungs in clots." (pg 68) As the book proceeds to chapter 2, the brutality of war continues as Baumer watches the death of his friend Kemmerich. During chapter 3, the reader learns that the food quantity is low for the people in the army. Baumer tells you that a person's personality changes due to the shocking reality of war. He also thinks that the wrong people are doing the fighting and that the politicians should settle the war amongst themselves. And when your twelve years are up you get your pension, become the village bobby, and you can walk about the whole day. (pg 79) In chapter 4, Baumer and his friends are on the war front. He describes the sad cries of horses and the screams of dying men. Baumer sees men die and helps with all those who are wounded. Katczinsky has been changed by the war so much that he almost kills one of his comrades who 's badly wounded. We agree its the same for everyone ;not only for us here, but everywhere,for everyone who is of our age; to some more, and to others less. It is the common fate of our generation. (pg 87) "The first bomb, the first explosion, burst into our hearts. We are cut off from activity, from striving, from progress. We believe in such things no longer we believe in war." (pg 88) In chapter 6, food quantity continues to decrease and rats make eating conditions horrible. Only 32 men remain after their battle with the English and many are in shell shock from the fight. The soldiers fight together in the trenches. They bandage their wounded comrades and look out for each other. When there was the threat of gas, they spread the word to each other so they all would be safe. Kropp and Katczinsky are debating about what the war would be like if the soldiers and officers were treated equally. Katczinsky argues that the war would be over sooner if they were all given the same pay and the same food. Kropp, on the other hand, says that the commanders of the armies should compete in an arena with clubs, and whoever won, their country would win. Either way, power has corrupted the leaders, and this makes the war more difficult. During chapter 7, Baumer is given leave and goes for seven days. Baumer realizes that he is alien to his home because of the war has changed him so much. "A mountain in Germany cannot offend a mountain in France.Or a river,or a wood, or a field of wheat." (page 205) "What use is it to him now that he was such a good mathematician at school."(pg284) In chapter 7, on Page 157-158 Paul talks about how different it is coming home than before he left for the war. "But who can draw such a distinction when he looks at these quiet men with their childlike faces and apostles beards. Any non-commissioned officer is more of an enemy to a recruit,any schoolmaster to a pupil,than they are to us. And yet we would shoot at them again and they at us if they were free." (pg 194) "And men will not understand us-for the generation that grew up before us, though it has passed these years with us already had a home and a calling; now it will return to its old occupations, and the war will be forgotten -and the generation that has grown up after us will be strange to us and push us aside.....the years will pass by and in the end we shall fall into ruin."(pg294) "I see that the keenest brains of the world invent weapons and words to make it yet more refined and enduring. And all men of my age , here and over there, throughout the whole world see these things with me." (pg 264) "We were stilled crammed full of vague ideas which gave to life, and to wear also an ideal and almost romantic character." (pg 21) "We often try to look back on it and to find an explanation,but never quite succeed. " (pg19) Paul and Kat steal and cook a goose. They eat some themselves, and then take some to Kropp and Tjaden, who were put on open arrest for 1 and 3 days, respectively. They stick together, even though they are separated. Paul goes home on leave. He no longer feels at home, rather that he felt more comfortable with his fellow soldiers. Paul is punished by a major because he didn't salute him in the street while on leave. The major was just taking advantage of his power for no valid reason. After the kaiser's visit, the soldiers are not very happy. They reason that if a few important people had said so, there would not be a war in progress. They wanted to use their power to earn a place in the history books. Paul is in No Man's Land, gathering information. He is forced to hide in a shell hole to wait out an attack. A French soldier jumps in after, and Paul is forced to stab him. Knowing that the soldier will die, Paul bandages him and gives him some water to drink. He knows they are both soldiers and both experiencing the same emotions, so he pities the man, knowing very well that it could have been him dying in the shell hole. When Kropp develops an illness and has to go to the hospital, Paul pretends that he has one just so that he can go also and be with Kropp. Paul reflects that on the front, all the soldiers have for support is each other, so it is each other that they must depend on. Their friends are the only thing that keeps them sane and human. Paul's world begins to come crashing down with the deaths of his friends. Detering deserts and is caught. Muller is shot and dies within the hour. Kat is wounded, so Paul has to help him to the dressing station. An orderly tells him that Kat was hit in the back of the head, which lead to his death. Paul is overcome with sorrow, because all of his friends have died. In chapter 7, Paul takes a leave from the front. He returns home to find his mother ill with cancer, and that half the population is starving. Paul views himself as a stranger to his family's house. He resorts to his bedroom to find anything that can help him recapture any memories, but they have all become shadows of his youth. The front is the only thing that Paul can relate to. In this chapter, Paul is visited by his sister and father. Paul becomes uncomfortable by the conversation, since the only thing they could talk about was their mothers illness. Thus, making Paul feel distant from his family. In this chapter, Paul stabs an enemy soldier in a shell hole. This was Paul's first kill, and it left him feeling guilty. He told the dead soldier, that he did not mean to kill him. Paul then reached in the dead soldiers pocket and pulled out a picture of the man's wife and daughter. Tucked inside the picture was a bunch of letters, that left Paul in guilt. The dead man's name was Gérard Duval. Paul, feeling in agony, sends money to the family anonymously. In the summer of 1918, United States has joined the Allies. All members of Paul's original class is dead. Paul was killed in October of 1918. It was a quiet day on the front, the army described it as, “All quiet on the Western Front.” As Paul dies, "his face had an expression of calm, as though almost glad the end had come." During chapter 8, Paul explains how the Russian prisoners have become nothing but sad and meek.He says that ever since they were captured, they have lost all hope in life. In chapter 9, Paul helps a French solider who is dying after he falls into the same shell hole as him. He hates seeing this man die and knows that this memory will be burned into his memory forever. While Paul stands watch, he begins to remember memories of his past. Paul was seeking a calm memory, but began to find sorrow in his past. Paul then says desires “belong to another world that is gone from us.” He believes that his youth is a blur and he can only relate to the front and the men that live through the same circumstances. During chapter 10, Paul goes to the hospital with Kropp because of his injury. He sees the sadness in Kropp's eyes when he finds out that he will have to walk on crutches for the rest of his life. In chapter 11, all of Paul's friends are killed or captured one way or another. When his best friend Kat dies, Paul feels absolutely no hope and feels forever alone in his life. After you learn that the Americans have joined the Allies in 1918, many more troops are lost in German forces. At the very end of the book, Paul dies in October 1918. His facial expression shows a sense of calmness as he dies meaning that he was glad that the war was over within himself. Camaraderie is used to develop this story by giving the soldiers someone to depend on. Paul depends on his comrades for the majority of the story. When they all die, he is finally overcome by the war and is destroyed because he lacks camaraderie. The theme disillusionment is used in the story to develop the topic of death not being a game for those who meet it face to face. By using this theme he really made a emphasis on the fact of the propaganda that was thrown at the soldiers during WWI. This in turn creates a everlasting twist of the theme throughout the book. In this chapter, Paul believes that he and other soldiers from his generation have been cut off from their youth. The older soldiers have a life to go home to. Where the young men are forced to believe that the war is their life. He feels as if he is cut off from humanity, and that the love he feels is toward the other men going through the same situation. Brutality of war is portrayed in this epigraph when it says that "they may have escaped shells, but were destroyed by war." This means that the war was so brutal and horrible to them, that it destroyed their innocence and way of thinking. The Corrupting Effect of Power is used in this novel to emphasize how the war could have been avoided if power had not corrupted a few influential leaders. Millions of lives could have been spared if the two sides had attempted diplomacy to solve their conflicts instead of war. Power corrupts those who have seniority over others. They act differently and sometimes, cruelly. These people become bullies and harsh leaders. This bad leadership and commanding harshness led to the destruction of a whole generation. Paul believes that the front transforms a man's instincts, into animal instincts. "We march up, moody or good-tempered soldiers--we reach the zone where the front begins and become on the instant human animals." (Remarque, 56) Life In The Trenches The Physiological Impact on soldiers is used to emphasize that the men are consonantly exposed to physical danger. The soldiers are forced to live in fear of being killed. This impacts the soldiers physiological by making the soldiers feel distant from their families, their home, and any recollection of their past.
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