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Transcript of Ebola
Camille Martin, Willy Dorman, and David Stanfel How does it look? Thats an actual picture of the ebola virus Where is the Ebola virus found?
The "natural resivoir"= unknown but usually found in Africa
Ebola virus usually found in Animals native to Africa
Virus not known to be native to other continents
Natural cases of the Ebola Hemmorohagic Fever occur in central African countries like Uganda Has there ever been an outbreak outside of Africa?
Yes, actually, an accidental outbreak occured in the Reston Virginia when monkeys from the Phillipines were transported to the Reston for research. Several were infected but none became ill. The house in which the monkeys were kept in is called the Reston monkey house. How do you catch the Ebola virus?
This is unkown but a guess is that an infection comes from contact with an infected animal
When an outbreak occurs people can pass it between people
The likeliness of you or I getting the Ebola virus is very small. It's almost never found in the USA. How does the Ebola Virus
The Ebola virus behaves like all other viruses
It attacks a victim cell
Rewires the cell to reproduce the virus
Lastly it then kills the cell and releases new viruses How is the virus spread?
Ebola can be spread in several ways
Direct Contact: possibly at a burial or funeral or through touch of bodily secretions
How Ebola Spreads.
Once a person is infected ebola can spread in several ways such as..
Direct Contact: actually touching a victim
Bodily secretions: by touching blood or other secretions
Medical personnel treating the fever are at a greater risk than anyone else to get the ebola virus Medical Gear What's that?
The Ebola Hemmorrhagic Fever is a deadly disease caused by the Ebola virus
Ebola is named after the ebola river in Zaire Africa
There are several different types of Ebola virus strains named after there outbreak locations Ebola-Zaire, Ebola-Sudan, Ebola-Côte d’Ivoire, Ebola-Reston, and Ebola-Bundibugyo
Ebola-Reston only kills primates, humans do not expierience the effects
You may have heard of it before if you ever read the book, "The Hotzone" also in the movie "Outbreak" the disease that was causing their problems is very similar to the ebola virus
How the Ebola Virus attacks!
Ebola is a systemic virus
Systemic: a virus that attacks every organ and tissue excluding bones and muscles
In order to attack a cell the virus releases protiens which weaken the bodys immune system
The virus then attacks the connective tissue and multiplys like crazy
Ebola causes small blood clots in the blood stream which causes spots on the skin and blood stops being able to get to the major organs
Spontaneous bleeding in needle pokes and skin tears can lead to magor blood losses or shock which causes DEATH!! Symptoms
LOTS OF SYMPTOMS
Joint and Muscle Pains
Bloody Vomit (Black Vomit)
Liquified Intestines This is the rash caused by Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever This is the bloody vomit This is a case of spontaneous external bleeding most likely caused by a needle prick or previous scab Areas in africa with reported
cases of ebola Lastly DEATH
Patients usually die in the second week because of too much blood loss and they usually end up vomiting all their intestines up! What are the Treatments for Ebola Hemmorhagic Fever?
There is no actual cure for the fever only supportive care
Equipment used in supporting the ill are
IV's (maintain fluid and electrolytes)
Helpful Breathing Devices
Medication (keeping fever down, helping blood clot, and maintain blood pressure)
Antibiotics (prevent secondary infections from bacteria)
Thats about all doctors can do for Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever, the body has to fight it off on its own
Even when doctors do as much as they can to fight it off there is still only around a 30% survival rate
This is another picture of the rash caused by the Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever FUN FACTS!!!!!!!!
Ebola could go all the way around the world in 2 days
The estimated fatality rate is between 70% and 90%
It takes 2-21 days for Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever to take effect
Ebola is distantly related to rabies
Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever is also known as Green Monkey Fever