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Music in the 40's

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by

Erin Wilson

on 12 October 2012

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Transcript of Music in the 40's

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vrU9XbE1YJc&feature=relmfu Erin, Emma M. , Yasmin & Emma B. Music In the 1940's Music In The 1940's Introduction Popular names are Ella Fitzgerald, Frank Sinatra, Billie Holiday The music that was popular in the 1940's consisted of jazz, blues, swing and a little bit of pop and country. Music Approved By Nazi's Jewish musicians played in concert halls, opera houses
Musicians mainly played classical, folk, and religious music.
They played jazz and swing as it evolved Jewish Music Before the Holocaust Many things were banned as part of the laws installed by the Nazi's.
Certain Books, films, radio and music were all banned from the Jews and German citizens during Hitler's reign. Music In Nazi Germany German Youth Rebellion Music in particular was censored in 1935.
Mainly Jazz and Swing music were banned from broadcasting on the radio.
As well, Jewish musicians were not allowed to be played on the radio either.
Listening to these kinds of music would be against the idea of the Aryan race being superior. Music Radios were confiscated from the Jews on the Ghettos
They were left without word from the outside world or some music to lift their spirits.
The Nazis were taking away their culture. In the Ghettos Music had to fit standards that defined "good" German music Musicians had very little artistic freedom Nazi Approved Hitlers favorite Musicians General policy
Talented Nazi composers would be insured employment
Non talented Nazi composers were not guaranteed employment
Any musically talented non jewish person a part of the Reich Music chamber could be employed These 3 composers, to Hitler embodied Nazism Ludwig van Beethoven
Richard Wagner
Anton Bruckner Jewish Music During the Holocaust Music in the Camps
Famous musicians and composers were not allowed to perform
Musicians fled to other countries to continue with their music
1933, Bruno Walter's performance was banned
1936, statue of Felix Mendelssohn destroyed Prisonners forced to perform for Nazis
Orchestras formed in camps
Songs from the camps:
"Our Town is Burning"
"Music of the Shoah"
"Buchenwald Song"
"Dachau Song"
Forced to perform on Hitler's birthday and Nazi holidays What bans were installed on Germany and parts of Europe in the 1940's concerning music.
What music was popular in the Jewish community at the time.
What music was accepted and liked in the Nazi community of the time.
The social aspect influenced by the music in the forties. In this Presentation - American singer
-"America's Sweetheart
-supported the other side (opposite of Germans )
-sang "LILI MARLENE"
-song was banned in Germany
- Lili Marlene became a favorite song of soldiers on both sides Vera Lynn - Swing music and Jazz became very popular in the 1930s

-Remained popular into the 1940s

-Problem: Joseph Goebbels took charge of the music that was allowed to be played on the radio and sold in the stores

-Teens wanted keep jazz music alive -By 1941: Nazi’s realized they needed to be harsher

-Adolescents were threatened to be:
*thrown in jail
*sent to concentration camps
*executed

-January 26, 1942: Nazi’s decreed those who refused to stop would be beaten and sent to work. Punishments Hiding Their Music -Came up with different tactics

-Ex: camouflage the records sold in stores

-Records sold in cases bearing different names and genres on the front

-Movie clip: Swing Kids Youth That Got Caught -Had to deal with:
*heavy labor
*lack of nutrition
*corporal punishment
*more harsh punishments in penitentiaries and concentration camps

-Only 5% were freed

Good news:
-The Swing and Jazz music lived on after the war!!! The ghetto had its street singers, its coffee and teahouses.
Types of songs created: Street Songs, Domestic Songs, Resistance Songs and The Camp Songs.
Street Performances consisted of consisting of a single chord-playing instrument, a small band, or an orchestra. Street Singers Death Camp Orchestras By: Erin Wilson, Emma Massey, Yasmin Normore, and Emma Boase
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