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Role of Women In China

During the Han Dynasty

Andrea Morin

on 11 December 2012

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Transcript of Role of Women In China

The Role of Women during the Han Dynasty

By Leslie Delgado and Andrea Morin 206 BCE-220 CE How does the role of women during the Han dynasty compare to the role of women in modern China? According to Chinese legend, Hua Mulan was a female warrior that joined the army to fight in place of her father, who was too old to fight with the army again. She had a younger brother, but he was too young to fight. Mulan’s father had taught her to use a sword and ride a horse. She decided to go to war, bought a horse, and stole her father’s armor. She fought in combat for 12 years. Later, the emperor offers her a government post, but she turns it down saying that she would prefer to return home and see her family. Her family was happy to see her. Her brother had grown into a young man and without regret, Mulan gave her warrior’s clothes to her little brother, and dressed in the clothes of a woman. When she joined her family to watch the sun set, the warrior Mulan had transformed into a beautiful young woman. At the end Mulan finally reveals her female identity to her army comrades, who are shocked to see her as a woman. World History Question: How did the Han Dynasty rise and fall? How women were treated in the Han Dynasty Traditions
When a Chinese female was born she was placed under her cradle to symbolize weakness and lowness. She was given a piece of pottery to play with to symbolize the expectation
that she would be industrious and would serve her
family and husband. Her birth was announced
to the ancestors, symbolizing that it was
her job to continue worshiping her
family. Respectable women
The Women of the Han Dynasty were respectable. The most honorable women were the ones that did everything their husbands told them to do.
They were expected to work cheerfully, and to guard their deeds, thoughts, and words to preserve the family honor. Limitations
They were not allowed to read, conduct business, or anything else that was considered a man’s job.
Chinese women were allowed little or no education, political power, or positions of authority. Why were women treated that way? Confucius
Chinese women were governed by Confucianism (the teachings of Confucius emphasizing the love for humanity, devotion to family, peace, and justice) Rules of Confucianism
Women of the Han Dynasty were more than what Confucianism led historians to believe. According to Confucius, women were around to serve the person they were married with and the children they had. The women who were able to break the rules of Confucianism
They became powerful leaders in their own rights. Noble women married successful men and were the example of ideal mothers and wives. They were like society women of today. Women of Modern China How Confucianism still influences modern
Many Confucian ideas, for
example that women are the
cause of disorder, still
influence the way
Chinese women
are treated
today. Why women were given more rights
Half of the population was illiterate or mentally and professionally disabled to strengthen the nation, and that is why they gave women more rights.
The law that was promoted to protect women’s
A law was promoted to
protect women’s rights in 1948,
but they are still
discriminated. How women differ from men in modern china
It is hard for women to get a good job even if they have a degree, and they are paid only 78% of what a man would earn. It is very common for Chinese women to get abused, in fact in some parts of China it is acceptable
for a man to abuse his wife. Rise of the Han Dynasty Lui Bang (Founder of the Han Dynasty)
The Han Dynasty was created by the Liu family, and it is considered to be one of the greatest periods in the entire history of China. How the structure of the Han Dynasty remained legalistic
China became a Confucian state and it flourished with its agriculture, handicrafts and commerce.
The Former Han strived to create a strong humane central government. They restored the Classical literature of China, established the first public school system, and invented such things as paper, porcelain, the wheelbarrow,
the compass and a primitive seismograph. Later the state was unified and prosperous Fall of the Han Dynasty Heavy taxes on the people of the Han
To fund the dynasty and remain in control, the Han Dynasty placed heavy taxes on the people, and the poor inhabitants of china were the ones who
suffered the most. This led to revolts.
The downfall of the Later Han dynasty
was the same as that of the Former
Han: taxation. Wealthy
landowners evaded paying
their taxes, and the
poor had to take
on this burden. Wars
The following two years China was involved in civil warfare. At the end, the later Han started to take over the territory and established reforms across the territory. The Later Han was marked by military expansion, and in 50 AD, the
Han army attacked Hsiung Nu and pushed the
nomads of the territory to Europe, and
gained more territory for
China. The last years of the Han
Trade increased but corruption continued. The Han Dynasty’s later years were filled with internal conflict, as court officials fought with the emperor and the Taoists. During this time, nomads in the north and near the Korean Peninsula destroyed Chinese settlements as civil war rocked the Han. Later the emperors lost most of their power, and the land split into various warring factions that became three new kingdoms. The Han Dynasty’s reign came to an end in 220 A.D. The legend of Mulan
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