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Sports Injuries - Fracture treatment

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by

Adam Jones

on 27 January 2014

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Transcript of Sports Injuries - Fracture treatment

Sports Injuries -
Fracture Treatment

Task - Tasg

What are the typical symptoms of a fractured bone?

Usually, you'll know immediately if you've broken a bone.
You may hear a snap or cracking sound.
You will likely experience intense pain immediately, and for some time after the trigger incident.
The area around the fracture may be tender, swollen and//or bruised.
You may experience nausea or feel light-headed.
A limb may be deformed, or part of the bone may have punctured the skin.
Immobilization

Immobilization of a fractured limb can be achieved with the use of a splint.

In the case of an open fracture, the first priority would be to control the bleeding and apply a bandage to reduce risk of infection.
Apply the splint so that the joint above and below the fracture are immobilized.

Use padding between the splint and the limb to prevent undue pressure, discomfort and tissue damage.

Bind the splint in place at several points above and below the fracture.
Do not apply the binding too tight that it interferes with blood flow.

Ensure that none of the binding is applied across the fracture point.

Ensure that knots are tied against the splint, not the skin.
The purpose of a splint is to support and rest an injured limb and to prevent a fractured bone from breaking the skin.
Fixation

External fixation
is a method of immobilization bones to promote effective physiological healing response.

This method of fixation is accomplished by driving pins into the bone on both sides of the fracture.

The pins are then secured together with clamps and rods. These are known as the
external frame
.
O.R.I.F

Open Reduction Internal Fixation is a method of surgically repairing fractured bone.

Generally, this involves either the use of metal plates and screws, or an intramedullary (IM) rod to stabilize the bone.
Intramedullary Rods

IM rods lend support to the bone and stabilize it in place from the centre. IM nails or rods are inserted into the medullary canal (bone marrow) in the centre of the long bones of limbs.
Recovery & Rehabilitation

Fractures can typically take several weeks/months to heal, depending on the severity of the injury.

By the time your bone has healed fully and original strength is restored, your muscles and ligaments may be weak due to natural wastage through non-use.
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