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Canada a changing society
Transcript of Canada a changing society
Describe how specific individuals and
Events helped change the position of
Women and children in Canada (e.g.,
Nellie McClung, Emily Carr, Lucy Maud
Montgomery, Pauline Johnson; the Temperance
Movement, laws establishing
Lucy Maud Montgomery went to Prince of Wales College in Charlottetown and received her teaching certificate. She had written and published many poems and short stories. Laud Maud wrote over 500 short stories and 20 novels. Her stories are still alive today in plays and television programs which have gained international recognition.
Pauline Johnson was the daughter of a Mohawk chief and an English woman. She became one of Canada’s leading poets in the early years of the 20th century.
Nellie McClung was one of Canada’s great social reformers. She was a writer and a champion of human rights.
Emily Carr is the first Canadians woman to achieve world-wide recognition as a painter. The National Gallery of Canada exhibits some of her best work.
Formulate questions to facilitate research on
Particular topics (e.g., why did Canadians
Support Laurier’s leadership for fifteen
years? Who started the First World War?)
create an immigration campaign to attract
to Canada around the beginning
twentieth century and today,
media appropriate to the period
Describe the social and working conditions
Of Canadians around the beginning of the
Twentieth century (e.g., in mining, forestry,
Factory work; on farms; in cities);
Taxes were very low. So the money was spent on houses, horses, carriages, and luxuries. Without running water and electricity, there were no washers, dryers, electric stoves, or refrigerators. People lived little wood or brick houses. Sometimes 2 or 3 generations lived under the same roof. Cities and factories were depressing places. Hours were long. Wages were low. The work was often dangerous. The rich often lived in large mansions in areas of towns and cities far from factories and workers. The poor often faced a difficult life in city slums. Parents and 4 or more children might be jammed into a single room. Few workers could afford to buy their own houses. In country, farm life was also hard. The profit made on farm products was low. The immigrants had to work and live in the worst conditions. Many were crowded into basements or attic rooms. Many children had to go to work at an early age to help and support family. A law was made in 1885 to stop boys under 12 years old from working. The industrial revolution created many new jobs in factories and mills. But, working conditions were harsh, tiring, and uncomfortable. Unsafe conditions were to blame for industrial accidents. A typical 10 hour day ran from 7:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. 6 day a week. There were many people willing to still take the jobs even from the harsh conditions. An average wage for an industrial worker was $185 per year in Quebec to $245 per year in Ontario. Conditions which the factory workers had to live were equally bad. To own a house it was almost impossible for an industrial worker to save the $2500-4000 that houses cost. Most workers rented small apartments in cheap row housing. Women often had to work in the same harsh conditions in the factories as men. Women made less money than men for doing the same work
Why was Laurier’s leadership supported for fifteen years?
Why would Canadians support Laurier’s leadership for fifteen years?
Who would have started the First World War?
Who began the First World War?
What caused the First World War?
Compare family roles at the beginning of the twentieth century to family roles today
Men usually used to go to work and bring money home. And women used to cook and feed the family. Kids usually helped out there family and worked. Rich kids would go to school but thr poor would help the family with work, factory, and farm work. Now a days men can work and cook, and so can women. Now almost everyone can go to school without any problems.
Describe the factors contributing to change in Canadian society
Immigration was one of the most important factor that contributed to change in Canadian society. Canada experienced rapid expansion between 1881 and 1911. Immigration was the main factor of population growth at this time. In 1881, about 25 percent of the population lived in cities. By 1911, this number had almost doubled. At the same time, there was a rapid increase in the number of factories manufacturing goods.
The developments of technology and new inventions directly helped businesses expand, or people to live easier. The technology mostly contributed in the areas of agriculture, communication, transportation and manufacturing.
Also the political policy affected and changed Canadian society. For example Clifford Sifton’s immigration policy desired to populate. This policy is a very important factor of the increasing of Canadian population.
Describe the individuals and groups in Canada who have contributed significantly to the technological development of Canada and the world.
The late 1800s and early 1900s was a period when many inventors and pioneers had an influence on the development of Canada, such as education and technology.
George Ross improved the education system in the province. Due to the expanding of the population, he built many new schools for children. He reduced the tensions over the disputes of languages and religions. Also, businesses were benefited, because there were more people who had the ability of reading and writing.
The inventors were pursuing to improve the technologies. Alexander Graham Bell was one of these inventors. He developed the telephone system. Which improved and helped the communication become easier and more convenient.
John A.D. McCurdy, with Alexander Graham Bell and Bell’s wife, together they successfully launched more than 200 short flights. The great success they got was they invented the first powered airplane. Which was a big improvement on aviation and transportation.
While the the first powered airplane was successfully launched to the sky, Adam Beck developed hydroelectricity. The hydroelectricity replaced the steamed-powered and reduced the security issues for the workers.
Martha Black was a member of parliament and replaced her ill husband as the representative for the Yukon. As well as the second woman to be elected to the House of Commons.
Robert Samuel McLaughlin worked with his family in a carriage-building business but he expanded business automobile. The automobiles made it easier to ship raw materials to factories and finished goods out of them. This helped businesses become more efficient.
Guglielmo Marconi was interested in electricity and radio waves. His successful experiments of long-distance radio waves were very important in helping of transmission and radio contact.
Mabel Hubbard Bell was Alexander Graham Bell’s wife. With a special talent for science, she assisted her husband and her friend John A.D. McCurdy for many experiments. Also, she was highly interested in women’s rights. She helped women to get appointed to teaching position and won women’s suffrage in the U.S.
Outline the advantages and disadvantages of Clifford Sifton’s immigration policy in the Laurier era.
It was a policy to increase advertising abroad and introduced a series of reformers to the Immigration Department. Making Canada look more attractive and affordable for living. This was also called “The Last Best West”. As it went further, it became much more pickier. It became more selective and focused on either the types of Skills immigrants brought to Canada or their ethnic background.
Clifford Sifton and the Laurier government desired to populate western Canada with farmers in order to add to the production of the country. Clifford Sifton’s immigration plan allowed opening of Western Canada where three million immigrants, mostly from Europe, received 160 acres of land and free transportation to start a new life.
The population increased rapidly.
Expansion creation of a modern Canada.
Extended the boundaries.
New settlers brought many new innovations to Canada.
More human resources.
large supplies of new labourers
Less quality immigrants.
Variety of races.
Canada became a more multicultural country.
The immigration policy was not very fair. It discouraged immigration from Asia and Southern Europe.
Giving out “free land” at the expanse of the aboriginal people losing it.
less quality immigrants.
Settlers brought new diseases with them to the Aboriginals.
Some groups found it’s hard to adapt to the culture.
Identify key events that illustrate Canada’s role within the British Empire and explain their significance.
Canada’s role within the British Empire:
After Canada’s Confederation in 1867, responsibility for its defence and foreign relations remained with Britain. At the time, Britain was the strongest military power in the world. The British Navy could protect Canada from foreign threats. Canadians believed that being part of the British Empire would secure their future. So when Britain declared war on Germany, Canada and other countries of the Britain Empire were automatically at war.
Identify key events that illustrate Canada’s role within the British Empire and explain their significance.
The Boer War and Canada's participation in it marked a difficult turning point in British Canadian relations. In 1897 Prime Minister Laurier had attended the Colonial Conference in London with many other representatives from the British Empire. The relationship between Britain and it's colonies and members of the Empire were discussed and attempts were made at regulating relations and commitments with the mother country. Laurier had withstood British attempts to have Canada make concrete commitments to Imperial causes such as a unified defence policy.
Imperial Conferences were meetings which brought together Britain and its Dominions.In the twenties these conferences were increasingly forums in which the Dominions, and especially Canada, insisted on greater independence from the mother country, England. The Imperial Conference of 1923 endorsed Prime Minister Mackenzie King's independent action of signing the Halibut Treaty without Britain. This treaty was a fishing agreement between the United States and Canada. For the first time Canada had negotiated and signed its own treaty without involvement from England.
The Imperial Conference of 1926 passed the Balfour Report which recognised all the Dominions of Britain's former empire as self-governing equal members of a new association called the British Commonwealth of Nations.
By: Tanya Gill & Tiffany Zhao