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What was the Tiananmen Square Massacre?

A response from China's military to suppress several waves of protests in Tiananmen Square.

Quy-Bao Nguyen

on 22 September 2012

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Transcript of What was the Tiananmen Square Massacre?

Tiananmen Square What was Tiananmen Square? Tiananmen Square was the first major indication that Chinese people wanted a change for democracy. Students protested against the government for, Democracy ending news censorship less restrictions on protests Freedom Corruption On April 27, 1989 students from more than 40 universities approached Tiananmen Square to protest the government. In response the government sent in troops to suppress the protesters. By June 3, 200,000 troops had surrounded Beijing. In the start of the massacre, soldiers broke through blockades with tanks. They ran right over any obstacles even protesters, killing them. It is estimated that there were 300-4000 deaths and thousands more injured. 1987 1989 Hu Yaobang forced to resign Timeline April 15 April 22 May 13 May 15 May 20 May 27 June 2 June 3 June 4 Hu Yaobang dies Students start a hunger strike Martial law is declared Goddess of Democracy is created Over 100,000 people gather at Tiananmen Square Gorbachev visits China Military forces enter the city and fire AK-47 rounds into unarmed citizens Important People Hu Yaobang the general secretary, was known for political reforms that favored less government control over the economy, which was popular with students. Deng Xiaoping was the chairman of the Central Military Commission. He thought that Hu Yaobang was too liberal and had him removed from office. Hu Yaobang V.S. Deng Xiaoping Chinese party elders approve the decision to clear the square with military force Military enters square and gives protesters an ultimatum "leave of face the consequences" Students leave, but others try to enter the square but get shot, this repeats for more than have a dozen times throughout the day The statue was created in the likeness of the statue of liberty. The students believed that a democratic nation was the way to go. Reactions of the world then During the commotion the United States extended visas to all Chinese students and organized with allies an economic sanction on China for 3 years. Today's China In this age, China has further opened the economy and surprisingly has given its people more rights. Sources "Tiananmen Square." Tiananmen. N.p., 20 Dec. 2000. Web. 22 Sept. 2012. <http://www2.needham.k12.ma.us/nhs/cur/Baker_00/2001_p2/baker_sf_jw_p2/tiananmen.htm>.
Smith, S.E., and Bronwyn Harris. "What Was the Tiananmen Square Massacre?" WiseGeek. Conjecture, 13 Sept. 2012. Web. 22 Sept. 2012. <http://www.wisegeek.com/what-was-the-tiananmen-square-massacre.htm>.
Forney, Matthew. "Speed Read: Hu Yaobang." Time. Time, 20 Nov. 2005. Web. 22 Sept. 2012. <http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1132856,00.html>.
"The Memory of Tiananmen." PBS. Ed. Andrew Nathan. PBS, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2012. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/tankman/cron/>.
"The Consequences of Tiananmen." History:. Resetdoc, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2012. <http://www.resetdoc.org/story/00000001371>. Students were determined to try and change the government. It was a standoff between the Chinese rigid government and a new democratic change.
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