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The Future of Food

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Giralda Tromp

on 30 October 2014

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Transcript of The Future of Food

The Future of Food

How will we feed ourselves in an balanced, environmentally, sustainable, affordable way by 2050?
"The future of Food" - A National Geographic Video

Biggest of all: Agriculture
Greenhouse gases
CO2 from cutting rain forests to grow livestock and crops
Fertilized fields' gas
Farming: thirstiest user of water supplies and polluter
Threats to the environment
Feeding our hungry planet
Green revolution is increase yields by using:
Better crop
Irrigation systems
High- tech farming systems on less productive farmlands (Africa, Latin America and Eastern Europe)
Step 2: Grow more on farms we've got
Environmental challenges posed by Agriculture
Growing population: 2 billion more by 2050
The spread of prosperity across the world: double the crop production.
"How can the world double the availability of food while simultaneously cutting the environmental harm caused by agriculture?"
Step 1: Freeze Agriculture's footprint

Agriculture's footprint caused:
Loss of ecosystem around the globe
Cleared tropical forests

Trading tropical forests for farmland = rarely benefiting the 850 million people who are starving.

Priority: Avoid further deforestation.
Step 3: Use resources more efficiently

Ways to achieve high yields while dramatically reducing environmental impacts.

Commercial farming:
Innovative ways for application of fertilizers and pesticides.

Organic farming:
Reduce the use of water and chemicals.

Step 4: Shift diets
About 55% of world's crop calories feed people directly
The rest, 45%:
To fed livestock (36%)
Turned into bio fuels and industrial products (9%)

Priority: Find more efficient ways to grow meat and shift to less meat- intensive diets.
Step 5: Reduce waste
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates: 1/3 of food is annually lost or wasted.
2.8 trillion pounds: enough to feed 3 billion people.

Rich countries:
Food- Waste
Homes, restaurants and supermarkets.
Poor countries:
Food- Lost
Unreliable storage and transportation.

"You can't take it to the farmer or food-market without good roads. Good roads open way for commerce, information and opportunities."

Solutions and actions to reduce food waste

Serving smaller portions
Charging extra for leaving food on the plate
Providing small- scale farmers with storage bins and tools to preserve and equipments for cooling and packing
"Feeding the 5000": serving free dinner with rejected products
Standardize confusing signs on products: "sell by", "best by" and "use by"
Discount goods close to expiration date
Feeding livestock on waste food and globally liberate cereals to feed 3 billion people
Groceries representing: 1.2 million calories uneaten annually.
Tip: expand not only your mind, but also your taste buds and be open to new food.
Irrigation system
Increase 58% in world food production
Advances in farming = "More crop per drop"
31% of food goes uneaten. USA, 2010
I am convinced that...

The 5- steps to feed the world can double the world's food supplies and cut environmental impact of agriculture worldwide.

Out of the 5- steps, step number 5 is most effective.
"Waste food = a lost opportunity to feed people and costs huge amount of water, land and labor to produce. "

There is plenty of food in the world for all the starving countries. Problem is:
Food is not shared in appropriate ways: tragedy, travesty and inequality.
Food and supplies don't make it to the people who need it the most: corruption, greed and wars.

"Decisions we make today will determine whether or not we are ready to feed 9 billion people in the world by 2050."
Full transcript