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Chemical Disaster Project - Hector Salinas

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Hector Salinas

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of Chemical Disaster Project - Hector Salinas

Who was involved? The UCC (Union Carbide Corporation), the United States and indian governments, local Bhopal authorities and other disaster victims. When And Where? The chemical disaster took place in Bhopal, India on December 3, 1984 What chemicals were involved? Short Term/Long Term Health Affects Emergency management plan Union Carbide Plant Disaster Thousands of indian survivors suffered in pain from horrible and inhumane diseases Safety measures/Government Regulations The MIC tank alarms had not been working for four years so the company didn't make appropriate measures and there was only one manual back-up system, compared to a four-stage system used in the United States Causes and Death toll The cause of the MIC release is still a matter of some debate and controversy. However, it is clear that human, organizational and technological factors to include safety procedures, maintenance operations, reduced staffing, and low morale may all have been involved in the sequence of events leading to the chemical release which killed more than 3,000 people and injured over 15,000. Methyl isocyanate gas, phosgene, hydrogen cyanide, carbon monoxide, hydrogen chloride, oxides of nitrogen, monomethyl amine (MMA) and carbon dioxide. Methylamine reacts with phosgene producing methyl isocyanate which reacts with 1-naphthol to yieldcarbary. Pregnant women suffered convolutions and extreme stomach pains. Many women ended up miscarrying. As the gas cloud continued to spread individuals struggled for air, vomiting violently, and their eyes burning. MIC breaks the walls of the lungs causing people to ooze white foam from their mouth causing many to drown in their own bodily fluids.
Today in Bhopal there is abnormal skin, lung and gastro intestinal cancer increases. Many of today’s children have genetic defects and the survivors continue to suffer from poor coordination, memory loss, pyrolysis, partial blindness and impaired immune systems.
Doctors and hospitals were not aware
about proper treatment methods for MIC
gas inhalation and they were directed to
give cough medicine and eye drops to
the patients.
Short/Long Term Environmental effects Gas polluted the air and it was later discovered that there was groundwater contamination up to three kilometers from the factory. The company stressed the "immediate action" taken after the disaster and their continued commitment to helping the victims. On December the 4th, 1984 the day following the leak, Union Carbide sent material aid and several international medical experts to assist the medical facilities in Bhopal. Union Carbide states on its website that it put $2 million into the Indian prime minister's immediate disaster relief fund on 11 December 1984. Precautionary measures before and after The huge, highly dangerous plant was being operated by men who had next to no training, who spoke no English, but were expected to use English manuals. Morale was low but safety fears were ignored by management therefore their precautionary measures were poor before the disaster.
Since the time of the incident, the chemical industry has worked to voluntarily develop and implement strict safety and environmental standards to help ensure that an incident of this type never occurs again. Bibliography Cherukupally, A. (n.d.). Union Carbide and the Bhopal Disaster | Global Research. Global Research. Retrieved May 30, 2013, from http://www.globalresearch.ca/union-carbide-and-the-bhopal-disaster/27161

Union Carbide Corporation. (n.d.). Union Carbide Corporation. Retrieved May 30, 2013, from http://www.unioncarbide.com/history

articles, t. t., huge, t., & English, w. s. (n.d.). Bhopal: 25 years of poison | Indra Sinha | Environment | The Guardian . Latest US news, world news, sport and comment from the Guardian | guardiannews.com | The Guardian . Retrieved May 30, 2013, from http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2009/dec/04/bhopal-25-years-indra-sinha By Hector Salinas
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