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9.1 The Market Revolution
Transcript of 9.1 The Market Revolution
U.S. Markets Expand
By Midcentury, United States becomes more industrialized.
Rise of textile mills and factory system
Farmers shift from self-sufficient to specialization
raising one or two cash crops that they could sell at home.
buying and selling goods rather than for own use.
economic system in which private businesses and individuals control the means of production and use to earn profits.
Charles Goodyear- Vulcanized rubber
Elias Howe- Sewing machine
Agriculture continued to flourish
Increase in production= Decrease in prices
1816- 100 miles of canals
1841- 3,300 miles
By 1850, 10,000 miles of track laid
By 1859, railroads carried 2 billion tons of freight at year
New Markets Link Regions
South- Cotton, West-Livestock and grain, East- Manufactured goods
Tobacco, Rice and Cotton
less advanced transportation
Canals and railroads
had to make land suitable for growing
John Deere- Steel plow
sliced through heavy soil