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Transcript of Architecture
Orders of Columns
Stonehenge (2000 bc)
The Great Pyramids, Giza
c. 550 bc
The Pont du Gard
5th century BC
The Arch of Constantine
Hagia Sophia, Istanbul
Support system of a dome on both a square base and with pendentives
St. Marks Basilica, Venice
St. Basil, Moscow
San Sernin, in Toulouse, is a typical pilgrimage style church. This is a Latin Cross Floor Plan with clearly defined parts.- basilica plan modified for large crowds
1/2 of the crossing square = 1 bay
side aisles = 1/4 of the crossing square
The 4 side aisles form one continuous circuit around the transept, nave and apse. Parts of this ambulatory aisle were separated by a screen (to give privacy to monks doing the mass or other services), and allow visitors to walk back to view the relics without disturbing anything going on in the nave or choir areas
Tower over the crossing
Apse with radiating chapels
Post and Lintel Construction
The tympanum is the arch over the main doorways and it can have a carving or painting to embellish the building.
Front doors are called the facade
Greek Cross Floor Plan
Principles of Gothic Architecture
-A feeling of verticality.
-Unity of design.
-Natural light (associated with Heaven).
-A sense of openness.
-Decorative features tell the story of Christianity.
-Floor plan in the shape of a Latin Cross.
-At least three portals in the façade.
Decorations on the exterior that were also used as a gutter system
National Cathedral, Washington, DC
Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris
Tower over crossing
St. John's, NYC
Basilica Floor Plan
More Modern churches with Traditional and Non-Traditional Influences