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Marcel Duchamp

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McKenna Horsley

on 19 November 2013

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Transcript of Marcel Duchamp

Born July 28, 1887. Blainville, France.
Died October 2, 1968. Neuilly, France.
Married Twice.
Lydie Sarazin-Lavassor (1927-1928)
Alexina "Teeny" Duchamp (1954-1968)

Duchamp is considered an early Leader in Dadaism and conceptual art.
Paris (1904-1911)
-Art school (
Academie Julian
)
-Outside of the academy, Duchamp gathered the influences of Cézanne, Symbolism, Fauvism, Cubism, and popular illustration
- Sold some satirical and humorous comics to local magazines.
The Cubist Paintings
During 1912, Duchamp based some paintings on Cubism, yet by the year's end would almost completely forget painting all together becoming bored with "retinal art". The most important painting would be
Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2
.
The Readymades (1913-1923)
Marcel Duchamp refined his belief on conceptual art and began to make his "readymades". These truly explored the question "What is art?" and redefined traditional art into modern art. Many of these would make up
The Large Glass
in 1923. Some of these he would enter in art shows with just his signed name. Others would have some alteration
Marcel Duchamp
What is Dada and Conceptual Art?
Dada- A European artistic and literary movemnet in the early 1900's that went against conventional visual and cultural values by creating works with themes of nonsense, mockery, and strangeness (American Heritage)

Conceptual Art- Based on the notion that art embodies an idea or concept that may exist distinctly from an object as its representation (Guggenheim).
Family Life
-One of seven children (Six adults)
-Father was a local semi-public official
-Well-off, Nicest house in town
-Marcel's grandfather's prints decorated this house
-His parents encouraged their children to enjoy art, music, literature. The four oldest childeren, including Marcel became artists
-Chess was a favorite past time

Marcel Duchamp announced after his
17th birthday, he would pursue an
art career.
Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2
-Rejected on the grounds that “A nude does not descend a staircase- a nude reclines.”
-Armory Show in 1913 in New York City
-Regarded as a joke
-Inspired Duchamp to move there two years later


Marcel Duchamp.
Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2
. Oil on Canvas. 1913.
List of Some Readymades
" I was interested in ideas- not merely in visual products." - Marcel Duchamp
Bicycle Wheel,
1913
A bicycle wheel mounted on a wooden stool
.



Unhappy Readymade,
1919
A geometry textbook hung out a window so that its theorems and problems could "get the facts of life".
L. H. O. O. Q.,
1919
Mona Lisa poster with a drawn on mustache and goatee.
Marcel Duchamp.
L. H. O. O. Q.
1919. Poster of Mona Lisa and paint.
Marcel Duchamp and Suzanne Duchamp.
Unhappy
Readymade
. 1919. Geometry textbook and string.
Comb,
1916
A steel comb.
Fountain,
1917
A urinal.
Marcel Duchamp.
Fountain.
1917. Urinal
Marcel Duchamp
The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even (The Large Glass)
Marcel Duchamp.
The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even (The Large Glass).
1915-1923. Oil, varnish, lead foil, lead wire, and dust on two glass panels.
-Offered to pay his rent with it.
-Left it unfinished with neighbor Walter Arensburg (1915) and years later would add to it.
-Comprised of readymades into it.
-Left it "definitively unfinished" after 8 years.
-Cracked in a Brooklyn Art Show, Duchamp liked the addition and glued the original panels back together.


Chess and the Last Works
-Would quit art for 8 years (1926-1934) to play chess and write a book on the subject).
-
Box in a Valise,
1935-1945
-
Entant Donnés
, 1946-1966
Marcel Duchamp. E
ntant Donnés. 1946-1966.
Works Cited
Andrew, Stafford. "Making Sense of Marcel Duchamp." (2008): n. page. Web. 17
Nov. 2013. <http://www.understandingduchamp.com/text.html>.

"Conceptual Art." Guggenheim. 1966: n. page. Web. 14 Nov. 2013.
<http://www.guggenheim.org/new-york/collections/collection-online/movements/195208/description>.

"Dadaism." The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth
Edition. 2003. Houghton Mifflin Company 14 Nov. 2013 <http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Dadaism>

Marcel Duchamp. N.d. Photograph. Experimental Abstract AnimationWeb. 14 Nov
2013. <http://www.experimentalanimation.co.uk/artist/marcel-duchamp-0>.

"Marcel Duchamp-Biography." European Graduate School. n. page. Web. 17 Nov. 2013. <http://www.egs.edu/library/marcel-duchamp/>.

"Readymades of Marcel Duchamp." Saylor (2011): n.pag.Saylor. Web. 17 Nov 2013. <http://www.saylor.org/site/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/Readymades-of-Marcel-Duchamp.pdf>.
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