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guildford public

on 4 June 2013

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Transcript of Japan

Japan History History dates back as far as 14,000 B.C.
Divided into 11 periods
Prehistoric Japan
Kofun Period (300 - 700 AD)
Nara Period (710 - 794)
Heian Period (794 - 1185)
Kamakura Period (1185 - 1333)
Muromachi Period (1333 - 1568)
Azuchi-Momoyama Period (1568-1600)
Edo Period (1600-1868)
Meiji Period (1868-1912)
Taisho Period (1912-1926)
Showa Period (1926-1989)
Heisei Period (1989 to present) Meiji Period (1868-1912) The Meiji Restoration, by which political authority was restored from the shogunate to the imperial court, ushered in a period of far-reaching reform.
The policy of national seclusion was rescinded, and the culture and civilization of the West began to pervade every aspect of Japanese life.
Japan's victories in the Sino-Japanese and Russo-Japanese wars enabled it to assume the stance of a modern, imperialistic world power. Showa Period (1926-1989) The financial crisis of 1927, which occurred in the aftermath of the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923 that devastated the Tokyo area, eventually led to a long period of economic depression.
In these circumstances, the power of the military increased, and it eventually gained control of the government.
The Manchurian Incident of 1931 launched a series of events that culminated in Japan's entry into World War II.
This war ended in Japan's defeat, with Emperor Showa accepting the terms of the Potsdam Declaration. Japan rose from the rubble of defeat, going on to achieve an almost miraculous economic recovery, which has allowed it to take its place among the world's leading democratic powers. Heisei Period (1989 to present) Geography Located off the East coast of Asia
Archipelago nation comprised of four main islands, from North to South:
Honshu (the largest and most populous)
Shikoku, and over 3500 smaller islands. Climate While the southern area (Kyushu to the Ryukyu Islands) of the country has a subtropical climate.
warm winters, hot summers and heavy precipitation. The northernmost part of Japan (Hokkaido) has a humid sub continental climate.
winders are long and very cold, while the summers are warm or cool. Geography Cont. The Japanese people define their country as a “small, resource-poor island country.”
80% Mountainous
Some are volcanic (i.e. Mount Fuji, last erupted in 1707)
Narrow valleys between tree-covered low mountains, (either natural or reforested), with strips of agriculture and human habitation along the valley edges. Education Japan has a very effective education system, which yields a 99% literacy rate.
90.8% of the parents send their children to a "juku" or cram school
98% of graduate middle school to attend high schools or private specialist institutions
44.8% graduate to attend universities
High School and University entrance exam Birth Rate/Death 8.39 births per 1000
9.15 deaths per 1000
By 2050, Japan’s government predicts 40 percent of its population will be over the age of 65. Political System Democratic Monarchy
Prime Minister is in charge
Royal family is just for show
Supreme Court where the judicial power lies
Constitution of Japan (1946)
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Shinzo Abe Royal Family Industry and Products Imports
machinery and equipment
raw materials Exports
transport equipment
motor vehicles
electrical machinery
electronic goods Technology Industry Ranked 2nd in spending next to U.S.
80% funded by the industry Living Conditions Clean living
Crowded cities
40 houses in one acre Working Conditions International Labor Organization's conventions
Trade Unions
Japanese labor law provides for a 40-hour workweek
Children under the age of 15 may not work
Minimum wages range between $46 and $53 per day Holidays/Festivals Women's Rights Second class status until the 1860s
Discrimination and stereotypes
Lower pay
14 weeks of maternity leave Common Holidays
New Year/ New Year's Eve
Valentines Day
Christmas Japanese Holidays
Coming of Age
Beginning of Spring (Setsubun)
Hina Matsuri (Doll Festival)
White Day
Spring Equinox
Constitution Day
Children's Day
Star Festival
Autumn Equinox
Labor Thanksgiving Day Emotions- Just a simple list of emotions that translate directly or fairly well into Japanese.
1. Happy- Ureshii: ;
2. Elated- Kozen:
3. Angry- Ikaru: or ;
4. Worried- Nayamu: ;
5. Scared- Ojiru: ;
6. Terrified- Kyouzen: ;
7. Relieved- Sutto: ;
8. Bored- Tsumaranasou: ;
9. Silly- Tawainai: ;
10. Shocked- Akireru: ;
11. Annoyed- Urusagaru: ;
12. Rushed- Soso: ;
13. Excited- Gekko: ;
14. Sad- Kanashi: ;
15. Lonely- Sabishi: ;
16. Lazy- Tsutsushimanai:
17. Shy- Hazukashi: ;
18. Bashful- Shuchi: ;
19. Eager- Setsutunaru: ;
20. Calm- Nagoyaku: ;
21. Relaxed- Arakajime:
22. Anxious- Anjiru: ;
23. Condescending- Onkisegamashi: ;
24. Cautious- Sononai: ;
25. Confused- Magomago: ; Emotions Languages Japanese is the official language of Japan.
Japanese is believed to be linked to the Altaic Language family which includes Turkish, Mongolian and other languages.
It also shows similarities to languages such as Polynesian which is a decent of the Austronesian languages.
The language is unique because there are different words and expressions that are used when talking to people of different context.
For example there are five different words for the English word "I" which are all used at different times depending on if you are talking to a superior, stranger, friend, or child etc.
Honorific Language known as "Keigo" that is still in common use today. 36.5-49.28 F Religion 71.96-80 F Shinto and Buddhism are the two major religions in Japan. Shinto is as old as Japanese culture dates back, but Buddhism on the other hand was brought over from the mainland in the 6th century.
Most Japanese consider themselves a Shintoist or a Buddhist or sometimes even both.
The average Japanese person will follow in the typical ceremonies like birth, weddings or funerals, and they may visit a shrine or temple on New Year. Bibliography * www.youtube.com
* http://web-japan.org/kidsweb/explore/index.html
* http://www.genkienglish.net/genkijapan/menu.htm
* http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0212302/japan.html
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