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Plains Indians

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Nicolas Orr

on 30 May 2013

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Transcript of Plains Indians

Origins of Plains Indians Evidence Suggests that the first Native Americans originate from Asia. The first Native Americans were known as the Clovis Americans
Believed to have crossed the Bering Strait which runs across Modern Siberia and also Alaska.
Native Americans traveled in groups, such as the Sioux and settled around the Great Plains. Image Source: http://gcsehistory.wikispaces.com/ Image Source: kids.britannica.com Distribution of Plains Indians at full scale Image of Native American States Image Source: www.davemcgary.com The Plains Indians lived in the area which covered most of Central America. The plains, which covered around 1.3 million square kilometers stretched from Canada all the way down to Mexico. Most of the plains is desert land and certain resources including wood was very scarce. Plain Indians Diet Buffalo Elk Antelope berries cherries wild greens camas roots wild prairie turnip with the meat The Plains was basically an area which contained very limited resources. The Plain Indians had to move time to time. One of the Plains Indian's most prized resource was the Buffalo. The Plains Indians were also very famous for their hunting skills.
(Image: Buffalo Spread across Native America) Buffaloes were very important to the Plains Indians. They would use different parts of the Buffalo for a variety of purposes. The Plains Indians considered the buffalo as a majestic creature because they depended on it. It was also considered very spiritual. Teepee All Plains Indians used teepees. The Plain Indians used teepees because it was very spacious and can insulate heat when it was cold. Teepees are tall, coned shaped tents which was covered with animal skin, mainly buffalo. These tents were easy to take down, making them easy to bring around. This made it very useful for the Plains Indians because they constantly migrate to different areas. Hunting (Before European Settlement) Clothing The plains indians would wear clothing to meet the purpose of providing warmth, protection and also religious ceremonies. All of the Plains Indians would wear animal skin, specifically buffalo skin because they had plenty of buffaloes. Those who have higher status would wear a grizzly bear claw necklace around them to symbolize that they are more important. http://www.freewebs.com/plain_indians/dress.JPG Spears Bow and Arrow Tomahawk (light ax) Originally used for sharpening rocks until Spaniards arrived After the arrival of the Spaniards, the Plains Indians started trading with the Spaniards. One of the main things they traded were Horses. The Horses were used to travel distant distances and also to accompany them during times like war. This became a major advantage for them as they could breed. Horseback Women And War Men in the Plains usually are called Braves because those men protect their tribes. When there was a war, the men would have to leave their spouses behind to take care of the children. Because women were not allowed to be Braves, they would just help the men take care of their children or take care of the wounded soldiers. Without nurses helping the wounded, the plains indians were not able to win the war. If a man divorced a lady, the man would have to give up all of their possessions and give it to the lady. War The Plains Indians were nomadic. From time to time, they would move to other places to live because of resources. Hunting After European Settlement www.flickr.com Names of Different Plains American tribes: http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award98/ienhtml/images/plainsT.gif Blackfoot Sioux Mandan Comanche Kiowa Please Click on the Arrows below to direct you to the next slide.. If you would like to make this full screen.. Click the full screen button on the side of the page. The Aged Elders 'With age comes wisdom, but sometimes age comes alone' quoted by Oscar Wilde The plains indians treat their elders with respect. If one grows to a certain age, they were always given a task to do. The same thing applies to the Elders. Their job was to advise the tribe and give their opinion. They were just like advisers to the tribe. During a war, they were left to be taken care by the women in the tribe. They were not fit enough to participate the war. Tribes such as Sioux and Blackfoot all have a council of Elders. Before European settlement, the Plains Indians have already developed a government system that was functioning rather well. http://plainshumanities.unl.edu/encyclopedia/doc/egp.na.109 Sitting Bull Sitting Bull is a 1800s example of a Plains Indians leader. He was very successful not only because he was one of the elders, but he was very successful in the many wars he fought. Plains Indians were required to be very brave and successful in order for them to become the tribe leader. In general, the plains indians were not very war-like. They were not fans of war at all. But when there was a war, there would not be any declaration of war or anything. Their war tactic, hit and run was one of their main tactics of winning a war. Before European settlement, the plains indians did not fight a lot. Most of the time they would just go and raid other tribes but no war. Until the Europeans arrived, they began to become aggressive. They fought for resources. Some scholars believed that War in the plains was no more than a way for them to keep a peace agreement. War (continued) The Plains Indians were very proud of themselves. When one of the tribes has won a war, they would take out the scalps of the opponent as a symbol of success. They would bring it back to their tribe and hold it to the people to show their victory. The scalps later will be dried and used as part of their clothing. After winning, they love to celebrate. Thank you for watching!
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