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Transcript of Australia
The first people to settle in Australia were aboriginals. The aboriginals settled in Australia 50,000 years ago during the last ice age, they moved from Southeast Asia. There were over one million aboriginals all around Australia as hunters and gatherers. There were 300 clans, over 250 different languages, and about 700 dialects.
The six states of Australia under a single constitution became a nation on January 1st, 1901. Australia is a home to people of over 200 different countries.
When the First World War came around, it was devastating for Australia. The male population in 1914 in Australia was less than 3 million, almost 400,000 men volunteered to fight in the war. There were over 60,000 men who died and over 10,000 were wounded. After the experience of the war one of Australia's most important values was the Anzac. The Anzac were the World War 1 soldiers from Australia and New Zealand. The Anzac culture was one of spirit and courage.
quality of life
Quality of Life-Australia Chart
Australia, in the 1700s, was inhabited by prisoners from England sent to work the farms. Upon a prisoner’s release, he/she received an offer of 18 months of provisions and a grant of land to stay in Australia and farm. With little to no opportunity awaiting them in their homeland of England, most chose to stay in Australia. In the year 2000, the population of Australia was made up of 94% of European descendants.
In 1850, Australia’s population was noted as being 400,000 people and 13 million sheep. Today, the population of Australia is at 23 million and counting, which means that Australia is considered the 51st largest country in the world.
Australia’s population density sits at 2.9 people per square kilometer.
Five of Australia’s larger cities have a population of more than a million.
• Adelaide -1.2M
• Perth - 1.7M
• Brisbane - 2.1M
• Melbourne - 4.0M
• Sydney - 4.4M
Australia is a mixed economy because it is a combination of a private and public enterprise.
The major primary industries in Australia are fisheries, forestry and mining. The major secondary industries in Australia are aluminum, automotive, books, chemicals/plastics, food processing, printing/publishing, pulp/paper, steel, textiles/clothing/footwear, and wooden furniture. The major tertiary industries are financial institutions, schools, transports and restaurants. 14% of Australia's economy is primary, 47% is secondary, and 28% is tertiary.
Australia has many natural resources. The most important mineral resources in Australia are bauxite, gold, iron and ore. Other mineral deposits in Australia include copper, lead, zinc, diamonds and mineral sands. Australia has extensive deposits of coal. Natural gas is also abundant in Australia. Australia also contains one-third of the world's uranium supply. Australia's land itself could be considered a resource. Australian soil is used to grow food in the form of crops and to produce food for raising livestock, such as cattle. Australian forests are used as a source of wood for building and making paper.
Issues and trends
In 1851, gold was discovered in parts of Australia. This discovery helped increase the population by bringing adventurous people from around the world who wanted to discover gold. The wealth of the gold brought immense investment to Melbourne and Sydney, making these city's more modern by the 1880's.
The first world war had a devastating effect on Australia. In 1914 there were less than 3 million men, but almost 400,000 of them volunteered to fight in the war. Approximately 60,000 of them died, and tens of thousands were wounded. With the decrease of men, the population was affected therefore the economy slowed down.
In 1929 the great depression hit. In Australia many financial institutions failed. In 1945, there was another increase in population when many migrants came to Australia to work. This boosted the manufacturing sector of the economy.
Australia's economy grew throughout the 1950's with major nation-building projects. This caused the rate of home ownership to increase dramatically from 40% in 1947 to more than 70% by the 1960's.
Australia is a very wealthy country today with a high population.
The capital city of Australia is Canberra. Many people think it is Sydney, because that is the largest city.
Some major cities include:
Melbourne- The capital of Victoria and a city of style, sport, culture, and dining.
Brisbane- Queensland's capital city and the gateway to many attractions such as the Brisbane river.
Adelaide- which holds many attractions such as park lands, beaches, and vineyards.
Some major states in Australia are:
New South Wales-Holds many beaches, and holds the city of Sydney.
Victoria-Holds many cultural attractions, and is home to the city of Melbourne.
Queensland-Home to the beautiful city of Brisbane, Queensland is surfers paradise, holding the Great Barrier Reef.
The overall landscape of Australia changes vastly. It goes from beautiful coastal areas, to desert, to mountainous areas, and many grasslands.
There are many beautiful places to visit in Australia, such as:
The Great Barrier Reef- where you can swim, snorkel, and dive.
The Red Center- which is mainly a desert landscape. The famous rock of Uluru can be found there.
Blue Mountains- which are located near Sydney. Surrounded by tall forests, cliffs, and canyons, its a beautiful sight.
Life Expectancy (years)
Per Captia Income (US $)
Literacy Rate (% of population)
Birth Rate (births/1,000 population)
Death Rate (deaths/1,000 population)
Infant Mortality Rate (deaths/1,000 live births)
Doubling Time (years)
Australians have a good quality of life because they have a large per captia income and long life expectancy. Meaning that they would have food, clean water, shelter, other basic needs, and a job. Some countries that have a poor quality of life, wouldn't have those things.
Another reason why they have a good quality of life is because they have a long doubling time and a short birth rate, death rate, and infant mortality rate. Since Australia has those demographics it would mean that they have a small population leaving; more clean drinking water, an abundant of food, more jobs, and a surplus of resources for the citizens.
Lastly Australians have a good quality of life because 99% of the population over the age of 15 can read and write, leaving only 1% of the population that can't. Most countries don't have that high of a literacy rate because their quality of life isn't as good as Australians.