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Economic social groups by albert and rob
Transcript of Economic social groups by albert and rob
By Rob lunn and Albert Davies
The working class was the largest social group in german society.
The Nazi regime wanted to establish its authority over it. They set about closing down all established trade unions, taking control.
Their only available option was to join the german labour front (DAF).
It was led by Robert Ley.
There was key factors...
Real wages rose in 1938
Working hours increased
fall in unemployment figures(due to removable of women and jews)
There is considerable evidence to suggest that there was workers discontent before 1939
In 1944 the working week was 60hours
Nazi initiatives on farming
Farm debts and mortgages written off.
Government reduced imports to become self sufficient.
Reich entailed farm law 1933 helped the security of farms.
Reich food estate in the same year watched carefully over agricultural production and distribution.
Production increased by 20%.
Another social class that were expected to benefit was the mittelstand.
Problems comparable to peasantry, suffered decline after WW1.
Targeting of the Jews business had benefits for mittelstand. However, mittelstand contined to decline due to industrialization and were getting older.
Membership increased from 5m in 1933 to 22m in 1939.
It was responsible for:
setting working hours and wages
dealing with misbehavior
training schemes for apprenticeships
stable rents for housing
supervised working conditions
The farming community was attracted to the party due to promise of financial aid.
However, peasants felt they were losing out because of the growing urban society.
Nazi ideology of 'blood and soil' suggested sympathy to the peasants.
Peasants and small farmers
landed classes suspicious of radical social change.
However, learned to live comfortably with the regime.
Early german victory offered chance of cheaper land.
A real blow came in 1945, occupation of eastern Germany by the USSR results in nationalization of land.
Big Business generally benefited from the Nazi economic program.
The value of german industry increased, and there was an improvement in management salaries.
The annexations form 1938 onwards was a great financial opportunity.