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The Rise of Hitler in Germany
Transcript of The Rise of Hitler in Germany
1918 - 1924
1925 - 1930
1931 - 1933
Chancellor to Dictator
Hitler was blinded in a mustard gas attack. Germany surrendered while Hitler was in hospital and he went into a state of great depression. After the war ended, Hitler's future seemed uncertain.
Hitler attended his first meeting of the German Workers' party, nationalist group as a spy for the German Army. However, he found he agreed with Anton Drexler's German nationalism and anti-Semitism.
The Nazi 1921
People were joining the party just to see Hitler give his speeches, which would leave the audience to do whatever he suggested.
He quickly rose through the ranks and, by 1921, was the leader of the re-named National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazi).
The Nazi Growth
With terrible economic conditions and rapid inflation, support for Hitler's party grew. By 1923, the Nazi's had 56,000 members and many more supporters.
Beer Hall Putsch
On 8 and 9 November 1923, Hitler staged the Nazi Beer Hall Putsch. He hoped to force the Bavarian government to work with the Nazis and march together on Berlin. The attempt failed but, although Hitler was tried for treason, the judge gave him a very light sentence.
Beer Hall Putsch
New York in Bankrupt
The New York economy crashed Nazis and Communists participated on the elections and were well pledged on getting rid of democracy getting around 50 percent of the Reichstag seats, this parties needed also to, along with other parties to consider to negotiate with anti democrats.
The Weimar political parties weren’t able to stop the Nazis rise which made on Germany to establish a stable parliament majority government; successive chancellors instead relied on the president emergency state to govern, while Nazis used terror tactics to govern.
The Nazi's Rival
The Nazi dictatorship continued while the communist was having the priority of destroying social democrats along of clashing with Nazis on the streets which converted them into rivals more than a loyal working class
After 1923 Elections, Nazis became the largest party in Reichstag while Hitler withdrew Pappens support along as he demanded the chancellorship. Nazis declined the November election on its aftermath.
Franz von Papen, the vice-chacellor, opened negotiation with Hitler and proposes a Nazi-nationalist coalition being near to outmaneuver.
Weimar Republic Flag
"From democracy to nazism"
The Reichstag Fire
Hitler got his Communist opponents arrested after they were caught red-handed with fire-lighting materials. He got rid of the Communists which made him look as a hero of Germany.
The enabling law gave Hitler to pass any law that he wanted without permission from the Reichstag. This enabled him to become dictator. Hitler needed the most votes of the Reichstag for the Enabling Law. He was able to do this after the Reichstag burned down.
The Enabling Law
One of the first laws that Hitler established was to ban 'the formation of new political parties'. This law actually banned other political parties. Hitler smashed all other parties and put their leaders in prison.
Night of the Long Knives
Ernst Rohem was the leader of the SA (Hitler's private army of thugs). They had helped Hitler in the past but they had become an undisciplined group of thugs who wanted to take control. Hitler murdered the leaders of the SA and remained as a Dictator.
1. HISTORY LEARNING SITE Nazi Germany – Dictatorship (online)
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/Nazi_Germany_dictatorship.htm [visited 06/07]
2. THE HISTORY PLACE Hitler Named Chancellor (online)
http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/riseofhitler/named.htm [visited 06/07]
1. SCHOOLS HISTORY The Seeds of Evil: The Rise of Hitler (online)
http://www.schoolshistory.org.uk/ASLevel_History/week7_keyfeaturesofnaziparty_early.htm [visited 06/07]
2. HISTORY LEARNING SITE Adolf Hitler 1918 to 1924 (online)
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/adolf_hitler_1918_to_1924.htm [visited 06/07]
Confrontations between the Rotfront and the Nazis
Chaos was expanding
Deaths were mounting up
Hitler was battling for power
Nazi Party had only 800,000 members
The KPD was turning away from legal means
Political violence was a capital crime.
Nazi leader, Axel Schaffeld, was killed
Nazi Party won around 14,000,000 votes
230 seats in the Reichstag
Hitler asked to become Chancellor
Hitler used government measures against his opponents
Laws did not worked as expected
Freed all the Nazi members who were imprisoned
Nazi Party lost over 35 seats in the 1932 November elections
Remained as the largest party
Chancellor Papen offered Hitler his place in exchange of the place of Vice chancellor.
Hitler was declared Chancellor on January 30, 1933
Arrangement between Nazi’s and Nationalist-Conservatives
Papen believed he could overthrow Hitler in a future
Papen criticized Nazi’s and was menaced with death
January 1933, Hitler became Chancellor of a coalition government of the Nazi-DNVP Party
Community was angry
Him, Wilhelm Frick and Hermann Göring were the only three Nazis that were part of the Party
Germans opposed Nazism and refused to unite to Hitler
Led him to take control of absolute power
Hitler’s words to a British correspondent in Berlin, June 1934: “At the risk of appearing to talk nonsense I tell you that the National Socialist movement will go on for 1,000 years! ... Don't forget how people laughed at me 15 years ago when I declared that one day I would govern Germany. They laugh now, just as foolishly, when I declare that I shall remain in power!”
Adolf Hitler to a British correspondent in Berlin, June 1934
A New Beginning
Hitler decided to play by the democratic rules
Early in 1925, the prime minister of Bavaria lift the ban.
On February 27th, the Nazis held a big meeting at which Hitler reclaimed his position as absolute leader of the Nazi Party.
Hitler began to reorganize the SA.
A new highly disciplined guard unit was formed by Hitler, it was called the Schutzstaffel, or SS.
The Quiet Years
By May of 1926, Hitler assumed the title of supreme leader (Führer) at the Nazi party.
The police declared the Party illegal in Berlin. The ban was lifted in the spring of 1927.
Hitler fell in love with his niece, Geli.
On October 29th, the Wall Street stock market crashed.
Great Depression Begins
When the stock market collapsed, Germany’s economy collapsed too.
Hitler got known by offering needs to people and giving public convincing speeches.
In March of 1930, Heinrich Bruening became Chancellor.
Elections were set for September 14th.
Germans Elect Nazis
Adolf Hitler and the Nazis waged a modern whirlwind campaign in 1930.
Hitler made every kind of promises to everyone.
On election day September 14, 1930, the Nazis received 6,371,000 votes – over eighteen percent of the total – and were entitled to 107 seats in the German Reichstag.
The Great Depression
1. HISTORY LEARNING SITE The Rise of Adolf Hitler (online)
http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/riseofhitler/new.htm [visited 06/07]
1. HISTORY LEARNING SITE The Rise of Adolf Hitler (online) http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/riseofhitler/ [visited 06/07]
2. BBC The Rise of Adolf Hitler (online) http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/hitler_01.shtml [visited 06/07]
3. SCHOOL HITLER The Rise of Adolf Hitler (online) http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/lessons/riseofhitler/ [visited 06/07]
1. WILDE, Robert, The Interwar Years (on line)
http://europeanhistory.about.com/od/germanyandprussia/fl/Interwar-Germany-The-Rise-and-Fall-of-Weimar-and-the-Rise-of-Hitler.htm seen on July 02 of 2014