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Transcript of Animal Farm
July 8, 1917 Alexander Kerensky becomes leader of the Provisional Government
most popular man in the government because of his political past
was leader of a moderate socialist
after taking office, announced a new summer offensive
soldiers on the Eastern Front were upset at Kerensky's summer offense and refused to move to the front line
some soldiers returned and used their weapons to attack nobility
after the failure of his summer plans at the Eastern Front, Kerensky replaced general Alexei Brusilov with Lavr Kornilov
Konilov did not agree with Kerensky's ideas and was then sacked
•More than 63% of the government was convicted and even killed
was drastically reduced in numbers
•10% chance of having an experienced leader
•thousands of people were sent to the Gulags and some even received the death penalty
•this continued until Stalin was the last important official that followed Lenin
•The Russian KGB stands for komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti
•This means Committee for state security
•The KGB is the secret police for the soviet union
•The Soviet Union started making the KGB on December 20, 1917
•It was leaded by Felix Dzerzhinsky
1. Assisting the governing of the Soviet Union
2. Suppression of internal resistance
3. Protecting leaders
4. Ensuring economic efficiency
5. Criminal investigations
6. Enforcing morals
8. Informing the Soviet Leaders
9. Diminishing Foreign threat
10. Secret operations
•Originally called the Cheka
•During August 1991, The KGB's chairman, Vladimir Kryuchkov, failed to overthrow President Mikhail Gorbachev
•Right after that, the agency fell
•Yuri Andropov (a chairman) served the longest in 1968 until 1982
•Andropov was in charge of modernizing the KGB
He improved the propaganda
The KGB Logo
Accused Krestinsky, do you plead guilty to the charges brought agalnst you?
Krestinsky: I plead not guilty. I am not a
I was never a member of the bloc of Rights and Trotskyites, of whose existence I was not aware. Nor have I commltted any of the crimes with which I personally am charged, in particular I plead not guilty to the charge of having had connections wlth the German intelligence service.
Do you corrobarate the confession you made at the preliminary investigation?
Yes, at the preliminary investigation I confessed, but I have never been a Trotskyite.
The President: I repeat the question, do you plead guilty?
Before my arrest I was a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks) and I remain one now.
The President: Do you plead guilty to the charge of participating in espionage activities and of participating in terrorist activities?
I have never been a Trotskyite, I have never belonged to the bloc of Rights and Trotskyites and have not committed a single crime.
Yesterday, under the influence of a momentary keen feeling of false shame, evoked by the atmosphere of the dock and the painful impression created by the public reading of the indictment, which was aggravated by my poor health, I could not bring myself to tell the truth, I could not bring myself to say that I was guilty. And instead of saying, "Yes, I am guilty," I almost mechanically answered, "No, I am not guilty."
In the face of world public opinion, I had not the strength to admit the truth that I had been conducting a Trotskyite struggle all along. I request the Court to register my statement that I fully and completely admit that I am guilty of all the gravest charges brought against me personally, and that I admit my complete responsibility for the treason and treachery I have committed.
Interview of Krestinky
Kornoliv sent troops under the leadership of General Krymov to take control of Petrograd
Kerensky asks the Soviet Union and Red Guards to protect Petrograd
Bolsheviks controlled these organizations and agreed to the request but their leader Lenin made it clear that they are fighting against Kornilov rather than for Kerensky
This video clip shows the Bolsheviks taking over the Winter Palace and seizing power.
This image shows the Bolsheviks storming the Winter Palace.
This Audio clip explains about the Bolsheviks plans and storming into the Winter Palace.
Bolsheviks set up their headquarters in Smolny Institute and at a former girls' convent school
October 22, Kerensky ordered the arrest of the Military Revolutionary Committee
closed down Bolsheviks newspapers and cuts off telephones to Solmny Institute
secret meeting of Bolsheviks Central Committee on October 23, 1917
In Animal Farm, the animals held a meeting with Old Major, and planned to rebel against Mr. Jones and the rest of the humans. Their plan soon goes through and the animals take over Manor Farm. While in the real world, the Bolsheviks plan together and attack the Winter Palace and over throws Czar Nicholas II.
Picture of the KGB
Interviewer: Lenin said that every Communist is a secret policeman. What did he mean by that?
Vladimir Semichastny: I've never heard such a phrase. I've never read it Lenin's works. I've never used such Lenin's words, because they never exist.
Interviewer: If I asked him does he think the Cheka played a central role in the revolution? Would he answer that? How was it -- how was it formed and why -- why was that important?
Vladimir Semichastny: Ah well, first of all Cheka was founded after the revolution.
Interviewer: Yes, I know.
Vladimir Semichastny: Ah, the revolution has already two -- if we speak about civil war. Yes, it was playing a very important role.
Interviewer: Soon after the revolution, there were constant spy scares put out by the government. Were these real scares, or were they propaganda?
Vladimir Semichastny: No, it was a real threat, and you should remember that there was an intervention of the foreign states in the Russian Far East, Archangel of the West border of Russia. The foreign troops were participating in the attempts to stamp the revolution. It's not just propaganda, because there are mounds of documents in the archives relating to these events and to the espionage cases.
This is an
on Yuri Andropov:
Soviet City Will No Longer Be Called Andropov
March 4, 1989 | From Associated Press
The Communist Party Central Committee has removed Yuri V. Andropov's name from a city north of Moscow, Tass reported Friday, making him the latest former leader whose name has been wiped off Soviet maps. Residents of the industrial city, 150 miles north of the capital, had asked that its original name--Rybinsk--be restored, the official news agency said. Andropov, who succeeded Leonid I. Brezhnev in 1982, died in 1984.
Picture of Yuri Andropov
There were 3 phases in the Trials from 1938-38
•They were meant to purge the Communist Party of the Soviet Union of Stalin's political enemies
•It’s part of the Great Terror: created by Lenin and ended at Stalin’s death
•During this time, people lived in great fear and greatly suffered
•The Bolsheviks believed in whatever the Party told them
Both have corrupt leaders that feel threatened by their companions and decide to get rid of them.
Their loyal "police," or in this case dogs, are ordered to kill their enemies after they Stalin and Napoleon forced them to announced that they were traitors.
In the book Animal Farm, Napoleon announced to the farm that there were traitors amongst them. One by one, various animal tell all of the animals about there crimes without any force. After they confess, the animals are immediately killed by the dogs.
The theme “abuse or misuse of language occurs when people try to take advantage of other” is shown in the Moscow Show Trials because Stalin uses lies to manipulate and get rid of his political enemies. While this is happening, the peasants are unaware that they are being used to get all of these people arrested. Stalin said that he was doing this to make sure there were no traitors in the government, but he used their ignorance to his advantage.
The theme “power corrupts those who possess it” best relates to when the Bolsheviks storm into the Winter Palace. Czar Nicholas II was Ruler of the Russia but only used his power to please himself and not the citizens of Russia. This provoked the Bolsheviks to rebel against Czar and take over his Palace.
Thank you to......
Persson, Gudrun. "And They All Confessed...." The Art Bin. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 June 2013. <http://art-bin.com/art/amosc_preeng.html>.
"The Stalin Purges and Show Trials." Constitutional Rights Foundation. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 June 2013. <http://www.crf-usa.org/bill-of-rights-in-action/bria-7-4-a-the-stalin-purges-and-show-trials>.
Walker, Bruce. "Recalling the Moscow Show Trials." The New American. N.p., 27 Jan. 2012. Web. 7 June 2013. <http://thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/4679-recalling-the-moscow-show-trials>.
"'The Bolsheviks Storm the Winter Palace, 1917.'" Www.eyewitnesstohistory.com. Copyright © Ibis Communications, Inc.., 2006. Web. 9 June 2013. <http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/bolshevik.htm>.
Parcatus Educational. John Simkin, 1997. Web. 14 June 2013. <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/RUSnovemberR.htm>.
Sparknotes.com. N.p., 2013. Web. 14 June 2013. <http://www.sparknotes.com/history/european/russianrev/section5.>.
"THe Storming of the Winter Palace." BBC. N.p., 2013. Web. 13 June 2013. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/the-storming-of-the-winter-palace-1917-audio/11632.html>.
Timetoast.com. Copyright © Timetoast, n.d. Web. 14 June 2013. <http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/the-bolshevik-revolution-of-1917>.
The saying “People’s ignorance contributes to their political and social oppression” explains people are manipulated because they don’t know what is going on, so they just follow the leader. In animal farm, the dogs really don’t what they’re doing except for following Napoleon. This is kind of like the KGB because they do what the Soviet Union orders them and they follow without problems.
Dark Goverment. N.p., 2013. Web. 11 June 2013. <http://www.darkgovernment.com/news/russian-kgb/>.
eHow. Demand Media, Inc, 2013. Web. 12 June 2013. <http://www.ehow.com/about_5381628_history-kgb.html>.
Soviet History - KGB. Dr. Gleb Tsipursky, n.d. Web. 7 June 2013. <https://sites.google.com/site/soviethistorythekgb/>.
TheBlaze. The Blaze Inc, 2013. Web. 12 June 2013. <http://www.theblaze.com/stories/2012/01/03/glove-gun-these-are-some-of-the-sneaky-weapons-used-by-th e-kgb/>.
TheBlaze. N.p., 2013. Web. 10 June 2013. <http://www.theblaze.com/stories/2012/01/03/glove-gun-these-are-some-of-the-sneaky-weapons-used-by-the-kgb/>.
Interview of Vladimir Semichastny
The Next Day.....
The KGB v.s. The Dogs
*Without the Dogs, Animal Farm would not change much
*Without the KGB, Russia would collapse
The dogs and the KGB are loyal to Napoleon and The Soviet Union
The gun Glove
This gun glove's nickname is "firm handshake"
The glove fires a small bullet when the user moves its finger
This was highly effective
The Lipstick Gun
The lady spies would use the lipstick gun
The 4.5 mm hole (part of the lipstick) can hit any target
This is less popular to use now
Back then it would be very effective
It has a poison pellet
This combines rudimentary firearms and bio-weapons
The briefcase AK
There are many different kinds of versions
This has more power than the gun glove or cyanide shooter
The eleven main tasks the KGB did:
Pictures of Kerensky
Czar Nicholas II and family
The KGB Headquarters
Interviewer: So why were more efforts turned against the Russian people than against foreign enemies?
Vladimir Semichastny: Well, the explanation is quite simple. The internal problems and the internal attempts of the counter-revolution were much more serious. Of course, in the Far East, the Japanese troops were there, and the Archangel British troops; on the west border, the Germans and the so-called White Bulls, but still it is not that serious or that important as the internal struggle. Because, inside the country, there were Capitalists, owners who were trying to protect their property, and naturally they were fighting hard against the revolution, which was trying to change the way of life in this country. That's the explanation. Keep it in mind that in the case of foreign intervention, it was quite clear in what the location was more or less the numbers of troops were known, and the situation was more or less under control. With the internal counter-revolution, it was hard to predict where the next uprising will be, or something, so it was much more difficult to counter this affect.
Soldiers at the Eastern Front