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Is it Ethical?
Transcript of Is it Ethical?
SOCIAL UPGRADING. IS IT ENOUGH?
Sexual Harassment (Females)
Forced Pregnancy Testing
Child Labor (<14 years old)
Fewer workers on permanent contracts
Poor health and safety conditions
Long working hours
Low levels of union representation
FLOWERS BLOOM BUT PEOPLE SUFFER!!
Maternity Leave (3 months)
Paternity Leave (14 days)
Average paid annual leave increased to 23 days
Weekly hours capped at 46 hours with overtime pay
Personal protective equipment as a requirement
Education on sexual abuse
Housing Subsidies and Education Grants
Wednesday, Feb 26 2014
Globalisation and Employment
Gregory & Richmond
THE FLOWER INDUSTRY IS BOOMING!
ETHICAL OR UNETHICAL? YOU DECIDE!
Vital source of income for up to 2 million Kenyans living in poverty
2nd largest agricultural foreign exchange earner
Generates more than US$250 million per annum
2nd largest flower exporter in the world
Generates income for up to 800,000 Colombians
Is it ethical to buy cut flowers in the UK?
Fresh cut flower and indoor plant market worth £2.2 billion (equivalent to the music industry)
The Top 4 flower exporters include:
Holland (US$1590 million)
Columbia (US$430 million)
Kenya (US$70 million)
Israel (US$135 million)
Billions of flowers are grown, cut and transported - (85% of flowers sold in the UK are imported)
Kenya - 250 tonnes of cut flowers are flown each week into the UK
"They’ve taken away our meals on Saturdays and have made us do more work for less pay, just for having joined the independent union. The company has gotten rid of workers and then expects less people to do the same amount of work."
-Dora (a Colombian flower plantation worker)
Adapted from the International Public Policy Review
Assuming a family of four.
Capturing the Gains. 2014. . [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.capturingthegains.org/pdf/ctg-wp-2010-03.pdf. [Accessed 24 February 2014].
Cut Flowers Factsheet. 2014. . [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.witnessforpeace.org/downloads/Col_Flowers_factsheet.pdf. [Accessed 24 February 2014].
Ethical Trading Initiative. 2011. The flower industry. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.ethicaltrade.org/in-action/issues/the-flower-industry. [Accessed 18 February 14].
Flowers | International Labor Rights Forum. 2014. Flowers | International Labor Rights Forum. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.laborrights.org/creating-a-sweatfree-world/fairness-in-flowers. [Accessed 24 February 2014].
Pat Thomas. 2009. Behind the Label: cut flowers. [ONLINE] Available at: http//www.theecologist.org/green_green_living/gardening/1279691/how_/to_buy_cut_flowers.html. [Accessed 18 February 14].
Rebecca Campbell. 2012. How to... buy cut flowers. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.theecologist.org/green_green_living/gardening/1279691?how_to_buy_cut_flowers.html. [Accessed 18 Gebruary 14].
Public Policy Review:
"International Public Policy Review: The Impact of the Flower Industry on Kenya’s Sustainable Development" by Bruno Leipold and Francesca Morgante 2012