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Vietnam War

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by

Mao Zihan

on 20 June 2013

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Transcript of Vietnam War

Vietnam War
1890-1969
Anti-France leader
Communist activist
Founder of Viet Minh
Ho Chi Minh
August 2, 1964 -- August 4, 1964
the codename of a aerial bombardment
Operation Rolling Thunder
Pre-1949 Colonial Days
France vs Japan
Battle of Hue
the bloodiest battle
The 1973 Paris Cease-fire Agreement
Two alleged attacks by US
Result: Retaliatory air strikes
the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Domino Theory
military escalation in Vietnam
the expansionist policies of the Soviet Union

J.F.Kennedy
Lyndon B Johnson
Richard Nixon:Vietnamization
American Presidents Involved
2 March 1965 --- 2 November 1968
destroy the transportation, industry and
air defenses
cease the flow of Vietcong men and material through
Ho Chi Minh Trail
Objectives:
Air Defenses
——Supported by communist allies, it was the most effective air defenses ever faced by America.
Millions of bombs
Disputed results
The Battle at Ia Drang Valley
TET:vietnamese lunar new year
TET OFFENSIVE
1968/1/30
more than 80,000 VIET CONG soldiers
Turning point!
more than 10,000 NVA soldiers
The battle lasted for more than 1 month
11 ARVN battalions
2 U.S Army battalions
3 U.S Marines battalions
completely destroyed the city!!!
BEFORE WWII FRANCE

DURING WWII JAPAN

AFTER 1945 FRANCE
tet offensive
poor defense
(due to cease fire agreement)
background information
wrong estimation of enemy strength
failure to cut off Ho
Chi Minh Trail
(result in massive infiltration)
8 months of careful preparation by communism
tet offensive
1973/1/27
vietnamization(train the vietnamese to fight against NVA)
end direct us involvement
People's Republic of China
Vietnam
United States of America
Soviet Union
The 1975 fall of Saigon
Operation Frequent Wind
the largest helicopter evacuation in history
1975/4/30
The Gulf of Tonkin Incident
China
16th parallel
British
The North Vietnam
and the South Vietnam
NORTH
1945 Ho Chi Minh
provisional government
SOUTH
1946 France
French-controlled government
But is it really the case?
First Indochina War
Lasted for nine years(1946-1954)
France finally failed in Dien Bien Phu
The Geneva Accords was signed and France had to go!!
The Geneva Accords
17th parallel and an election
Ngô Đình Dim
President but cheated in the election
Nepotism
Discrimination upon Buddhism
Killed in 1963
Buddhist protest
Major events in Vietnam War
Battle of Dien Bien Phu(1st indochina war)
1954
1965
the Gulf of Tonkin incident
Operation Rolling Thunder
Battle of Ia Drang
Operation Cedar Falls(1967)
1964
Tet Offensive
Battle of Hue
Secret Bombing of Cambodia
(1970)
1968
Paris Cease-fire Agreement
1973
Fall of Saigon
1975


58,282 deaths
303,644 WIA
1,649 MIA
725-779 POW
financial cost?
long-lasting psycho trauma
facts about Vietnam War
HUGE CASUALTIES!!!
$168.1 billion Total direct cost
$350 billion to $900 billion estimated final cost of the war to the U.S.
inflation & depression
A Divided U.S.A
Le Duc Tho & Henry Kissinger
No event in American history is more misunderstood than the Vietnam War. It was misreported then, and it is misremembered now.

RICHARD NIXON, New York Times, Mar. 28, 1985
the first major battle between
regulars
Operation Cedar Falls
search and destroy
Iron Triangle
The US Navy's explanation of incident
In 1965, President Johnson commented privately:
"those sailors out there may have been shooting at
flying fish.
There were
no North Vietnamese Naval vessels
present.”

A commonly used pretext for escalation of U.S. involvement??
1968/1 ~1968/2
450000=600000??
The Last Emperor of Vietnam
Bao Dai
Au revoir, Français!
January 8, 1967 to January 28
November 14 and 18, 1965
US: body count
Viet: avoid direct battle
Vietcong:
There is nowhere to run, nowhere to hide!
HAHAHA......
Gulf of Tonkin Incident
What are the media looking at?
Assassination
Vietnam War!!
Do Americans
WIN?
Today is
June 6th
, 2013
What is happening today?
What had happened
35
years ago?
1968.06.06
THE END!
secret bombing of cambodia
Full transcript