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Reconstruction Unit 2

Mr. White's U.S. History Classes Walker Grant Middle School
by

Kenneth White

on 22 October 2015

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Transcript of Reconstruction Unit 2

Reconstruction
Road Map:

1. Post Civil War Amendments
2. Important People
3. Reconstruction
4. End of Reconstruction
Post-Civil War Amendments
Vocabulary:

1. 13th Amendment
2. 14th Amendment
3. 15th Amendment
4. Civil Rights Act of 1866
5. Carpetbaggers
6. Freedman's Bureau
7. Black Codes
8. Abraham Lincoln
9. Robert E. Lee
10. Frederick Douglas
Vocabulary Activity #1:

Purpose: To memorize the vocabulary for the unit.

Directions:

1st. Turn to the vocabulary chart in your binder

2nd. Turn to your partner

3rd. Begin working on the following vocabulary words:
1. 13th Amendment
2. 14th Amendment
3. 15th Amendment
4. Civil Rights Act of 1866

YOU HAVE 15 MINUTES!!!!!!!
The end of slavery changed America completely. The years after the Civil War saw Americans try to reunite and rebuild. It was a time of great hope for some and great loss for others.
Important People
Reconstruction
End of Reconstruction
13th Amendment= slavery was banned in the U.S.
Reconstruction
The years between 1865 and 1877 when the nation reunited and rebuilt after the Civil War ended.
14th amendment= all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and have equal protection under the law.
"No State shall...deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws."
15th amendment= all citizens have the right to vote
"The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
Q: Just because the U.S. freed four million African Americans did it mean that their freedom was secure?
Activity #2: Chart the Amendments

Purpose: To remember the Reconstruction Amendments

Directions:

1st. Find a partner

2nd. Write the basic provisions of each amendment(IN YOUR OWN WORDS)

3rd. Draw a picture of each amendment
Activity #3: Class Debate

Purpose: To apply your learning

Directions:

1st. Get together with your partner

2nd. Answer the following the questions:
How do the amendments relate to one another?
Which amendment do you think had the greatest impact?

3rd. Support your opinion with examples from the past and present.
The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution of the United States of America address the issues of slavery and guarantee equal protection under the law for citizens.
Q: After the 13th Amendment was ratified what was the result in the South?
1865
Amendment
(uh-mend-ment):
A change or addition to the U.S. Constitution.
Q: The 13th Amendment put an end to slavery, but were former slaves-were any African Americans-citizens?
Bellringer: September 25, 2012

1st. Study for Test

2nd. When you finish test place your test in your PERIOD'S BIN!!!!!!

3rd. Start Reading!!!!
Vocabulary Activity #2:

Purpose: To memorize the vocabulary for the unit.

Directions:

1st. Turn to the vocabulary chart in your binder

2nd. Turn to your partner

3rd. Begin working on the following vocabulary words:
1. Frederick Douglass
2. Robert E. Lee
3. Abraham Lincoln

YOU HAVE 15 MINUTES!!!!!
Activity: Wanted Poster

Purpose: To understand the legacies of the important men during Reconstruction.

Directions:

1st. Grab a copy of construction paper

2nd. Pick one of the important men (Abraham Lincoln, Robert E. Lee, Frederick Douglass)

3rd. Draw a picture of the one you picked

4th. Fill in the questions: Who, What, When, Where, Historical Significance
Vocabulary Activity 3:

Purpose: To memorize the vocabulary for the unit.

Directions:

1st. Turn to the vocabulary chart in your binder

2nd. Turn to your partner

3rd. Begin working on the following vocabulary words:
1. Carpetbaggers
2. Freedman's Bureau
3. Black Codes

YOU HAVE 15 MINUTES!!!!!!!
Reconciliation
(rec-on-sill-ee-a-shun):
The reestablishment of friendly relationships.
Amnesty
(am-nist-ee):
The act of forgiving people who broke the law.
"Forgiveness"
President Lincoln's Plan:

-
One-tenth of the # of voters in Southern states swore an oath of loyalty to the United States and to abide by the Emancipation Proclamation.
That state could form a new government and elect representatives to Congress.
"Let's Move On"
-Lee knew that the only way to achieve peace was for white Southerns to
reconcile and reunite as Americans.
Lee also urged that African Americans be given a chance to go to school, live in peace and find work with dignity.
"More to do"
-Frederick Douglas fought for constitutional amendments that would guarantee African Americans there full freedom, including the right to vote.
Sharecropper
(share-crop-ur):
A farmer who pays for using a piece of land with a portion of a crop grown on that land.
Carpetbagger
(Car-pit-bag-ur)
A person from the North who came to the South to help the newly freed slaves.
President Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction called for the
forgiveness
of the South. After his death, his plan was changed and more harsh policies were but in place to punish the South.
Reconstruction attempted to give meaning to the freedom that the formerly enslaved African Americans had achieved.
The
Freedmen's Bureau
was a
U.S. government agency
that was created
to help newly freed African Americans with jobs and homes.
Q: What was President Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction?
Reconstruction Policies:

Southern military leaders
could
not hold office
African Americans could hold office
African Americans gained
equal rights
as a result of the
Civil Rights Act of 1866
.
Northern soldiers supervised the South
Freedman's Bureau
was established to help free African Americans.
Black codes were in place to limit the freedom of African Americans.
Q: What were the Reconstruction policies for the South?
Q: Do you remember from Virginia Studies what the purpose of the Freedmen's Bureau was? How successful was it?
Q: What is the difference between sharecropping and slavery? How are they also similar?
The contributions to the healing of our nation by these three men were significant, but very different.
Q: Frederick Douglass and others worked hard to see the 15th Amendment added to the Constitution. Why? What is significant and powerful about the right to vote?
Q: How did Reconstruction end?
Q: When Reconstruction was over, in what position were the African Americans left?
The Presidential election of 1876 was a close race between Samuel Tilden and Rutherford B. Hayes. The results of the election ended in the Compromise of 1877 and Rutherford B. Hayes took office.
VS.
Samuel J. Tilden
Rutherford B. Hayes
The Election of 1876
President Hayes
promised to withdraw
the few remaining
federal troops in the South
. With them went federal protection of civil rights for African Americans.
Supremacy
(soo-prem-a-see):
A belief that a person or group is better than others because of a trait such as skin color, culture, or religion.
Ways Southerns keep Blacks from voting:

1. Poll tax
2. Understanding tests
3. Intimidation
By 1890 most black men could not vote in the South. With African Americans unable to participate in lawmaking, Southern legislatures could impose new rules such as segregation.
Life for African Americans in the South was growing dangerous. Several hate groups devoted to upholding white supremacy were emerging in the South. Of the most violent and dangerous was the Ku Klux Klan.
Reconstruction Ends:

Reconstruction ended as a result of the
Compromise of 1877
over the outcome of the presidential election of 1876.
The remaining federal troops left the South.

Group Activity #1: Making Amendments and Policies

Purpose: To understand the process of making amendments and policies relating to Reconstruction.

Situation: The classroom is in need of reconstructing in the following areas: Behavior, Respect, and Routines.

Directions:

1st. Come up with a team name

2nd. Give people the following roles on your teams:
Reporter
Researcher
Artist
Speaker

3rd. Come up with amendments to put in place to reconstruct our classroom.

4th. Come up with policies to put in place to reconstruct our classroom.

***THIS IS A GRADED GROUP PROJECT AND YOU WILL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR YOUR GROUP'S GRADE.


*1st Period: 5 Points

**2nd Period: 4 Points

****4th Period: 2 Points

***5th Period: 3 Points
Class Point Totals: 9/25/12
Q: What does the word Reconstruction mean?
Bellringer: September 24, 2014

1st.
Write down homework
(Leave out for me to check)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd.
Pull out ONE copy of U.S. History II Bellringer

4th. Begin to work of
U.S. History II Bellringer

**Remember you get points for how you enter the classroom! WIN THE DAY
Bellringer: October 12, 2015

1st.
Write down homework
(Leave out for me to check)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd.
Pull out ONE copy of U.S. History II Bellringer

4th Begin to work on your Bellringer


Bellringer: September 23, 2014

1st.
Write down homework
(Leave out for me to check)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd.
Pull out ONE copy of U.S. History II Bellringer

4th Begin to work on
U.S. History II Bellringer

**Remember you get points for how you enter the classroom! WIN THE DAY
Bellringer: October 1, 2014

1st.
Write down homework
(Leave out for me to check)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out ONE copy of U.S. History bellringer

4th. Begin to work on bellringer/Once you have finished your bellringer PULL OUT STUDY GUIDE!

**Remember you get points for how you enter the classroom! EVERY POINT COUNTS!!!!
Other Problems during Reconstruction
Q: What were some of the policies of Reconstruction?
Review Game
Q: What does the term Reconstruction mean?
A: Reconstruction means to rebuild.
Q: In which region is the city of Pittsburgh located?
A: The city of Pittsburgh is located in the Northeast region.
Q: Name the seven(7) political regions.
A: Non-contiguous, Pacific, Southwest, Rocky Mountains, Midwest, Southeast, and Northeast.
Q: Name the nine(9) states in the Northeast region.
A: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey.
Q: In which region is the city of New Orleans located?
A: The city of New Orleans is located in the Southeast region.
Q: In which region is the state of Pennsylvania located?
A: The state of Pennsylvania is located in the Northeast region.
Q: In which region is the city of St. Louis located?
A: The city of St. Louis is located in the Midwest region.
Q: Rhode Island and Vermont are locate in which region?
A: Rhode Island and Vermont are located in the Northeast region.
Q: In which region is the state of Alabama located?
A: Alabama is located in the Southeast region.
Q: In which region is the city of Atlanta located?
Q: Michigan and Wisconsin are located in which region?
Q: In which region is Oklahoma located?
A: Atlanta is located in the Southeast region.
A: Michigan and Wisconsin are located in the Midwest region.
A: Oklahoma is located in the Southwest region
A
Q: What are the four(4) Reconstruction policies?
A: Southern Military Leaders could NOT hold office
African Americans COULD hold office
Civil Rights Act of 1866
Northern Troops supervised the South
Q: What year did Reconstruction start?
A: 1865
Q: Who was Robert E. Lee?
A: Confederate leader and president of Washington College(now known as Washington and Lee University)
Q: Montana and Idaho are located in which region?
A: Rocky Mountain region
State Call Out:

-Purpose: To learn the 50 states of the United States

-Directions:

1st. Get map from Mr. White

2nd. Listen to Mr. White for the states of the day

3rd. When you hear the name of the state, label it on your map.

4th. Only label the states that Mr. White calls because those are the states you will be graded on!!!
U.S. History II Schedule 10/13/2015

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-States Call Out
-Region Partners
-Amendment Foldable
-Brain-Break

-Close
U.S. History II Schedule 9/23/2014

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-State Call Out!
-Binder Party!
-Brain Dump
-Brain Break
-Post-Civil War Convo
-Brain-Break
-Amendments Foldable
-State Call Out!
-Close
U.S. History II Schedule 9/22/2014

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-States Game
-Binder Party
-Reconstruction (Intro)
-Brain-Break
-Vocabulary Start
-State Call Out!
-Close
U.S. History II Schedule 9/22/2014

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-States Game
-Binder Party
-Reconstruction (Intro)
-Brain-Break
-Vocabulary Start
-State Call Out!
-Close
U.S. History II Schedule 9/24/2014

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-Amendment Cut-N-Paste
-Brain Break
-3 Key People
-Venn Diagram (Clock Buddies)
-Brain-Break
-Wanted Posters
-State Call Out!
-Close
Activity #1: Civil War Brain Dump!!!!!
Directions:
-You and your partner(s) DUMP as much information as you can remember about the Civil War on this paper.

-You can draw pictures, write phrases, names, WHATEVER YOU CAN REMEMBER!

-You can also use the back of this paper.

Goal: FILL THE PAGE WITH AS MUCH INFORMATION AS YOU CAN!!! WORK TOGETHER AS A TEAM, ALL MEMBERS MUST PARTICIPATE!!!

Activity #1: Questions

1. Who fought in the war?

2. Where were places the war took place?

3. Why were the two sides fighting?

4. Who was the President at the time?

5. What were some of the battles that took place?

6. Who were some of the Generals who fought during the war?

7. How did the war end?

8.Who won?
Bellringer: September 25, 2014

1st.
Write down homework
(Leave out for me to check)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd.
Pull out ONE copy of U.S. History II Bellringer

4th. Begin to work of
U.S. History II Bellringer

**Remember you get points for how you enter the classroom! WIN THE DAY
U.S. History II (90 min) Schedule 10/14/2015

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-State Call-Out
-Brain Break
-Regions Partners
-Brain-Break
-Brain Dump
-Unit 2 Notes 3
-Venn Diagram
-Close
Bellringer: September 26, 2014

1st.
Write down homework
(Leave out for me to check)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd.
Pull out ONE copy of U.S. History II Bellringer

4th. Begin to work of
U.S. History II Bellringer

**Remember you get points for how you enter the classroom! WIN THE DAY
Bellringer: September 29, 2014

1st.
Write down homework
(Leave out for me to check)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd.
Pull out ONE copy of Bellringer

4th Begin to work on Bellringer

**Remember you get points for how you enter the classroom! WIN THE DAY!!! 4th Period was the winner last week!!
U.S. History II Schedule 9/29/2014

-Bellringer
-CNN Student News
-Brain Break/News Review
-States Foldable
-Brain Break
-Unit 2 Notes 3
-Close
U.S. History II Schedule 10/22/2015

-Bellringer
-Brain Break
-State Call-Out
-Clock Buddies
-Unit 3 Intro
-Region Maps
-Close
Bellringer: October 22, 2015

1st.
Write down homework
(Leave out for me to check)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd.
Pull out ONE copy of Bellringer

4th Begin to work on Bellringer

**Remember you get points for how you enter the classroom! WIN THE DAY!!!
U.S. History II Schedule 10/1/2014

-Bellringer
-CNN Student News
-Brain Break/News Review
-Review Games/Review Groups
-Unit 1 and 2 Test!!
-Close
Activity #1: States Foldable

Purpose: To help sort and identify the 50 U.S. states using the 7 Major Political Regions.

Directions:

1st. Get a blank sheet of paper from Mr. White

2nd. Turn your paper hot dog style

3rd. Fold it OVER hot dog style

4th. Turn your paper the long way and fold it in half

5th. Fold it in half two more times
Activity #1: States Foldable Part II

Purpose: To help sort and identify the 50 U.S. states using the 7 Major Political Regions.

Directions:

1st. Number the sections of your foldable

2nd. Label section #1 The 7 Political Regions

3rd. Label sections #2-#8 with the names of the 7 Political Regions

4th. Color the sections EIGHT (8) DIFFERENT COLORS

Part III

5th. Cut only the side of the foldable that has the names of the regions

6th. Fill in the states in their proper regions
Bellringer: October 2, 2014

1st.
Write down homework
(Leave out for me to check)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out ONE copy of bellringer

4th. Begin to work on bellringer/Once you have finished your bellringer PULL OUT STUDY GUIDE if you have not finished your test!

**Remember you get points for how you enter the classroom! EVERY POINT COUNTS!!!!
U.S. History II Schedule 10/2/2014

-Bellringer/CNN Student News
-Brain Break
-Unit 1 and 2 Test Finish
-Reconstruction Quiz book
-Brain Break
-Unit 1 and 2 Test Check
-Unit 3 Vocabulary
-Close
Unit 2 Reconstruction Goals:
I BELIEVE WE WILL
:

-Understand the impact of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments

-Describe the impact of Reconstruction on the Country

-Describe why Abraham Lincoln, Robert E. Lee, and Frederick Douglass are important.
U.S. History II A2 Schedule (90mins) 10/12/2015

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break/Team Challenge
-States Call Out
-Regions Partners
-Reconstruction (Intro)
-Amendments Foldable
-Study Guide Creation
-Close
U.S. History II A4 Schedule (45mins) 10/12/2015

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break/Team Challenge
-Regions Partners
-Amendments Foldable
-Study Guide Creation
-Close
Bellringer: October 13, 2015

1st.
Write down homework
(Leave out for me to check)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd.
Pull out ONE copy of U.S. History II Bellringer

4th Begin to work on your Bellringer
Bellringer: October 14, 2015

1st.
Write down homework
(Leave out for me to check)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd.
Pull out ONE copy of U.S. History II Bellringer

4th Begin to work on your Bellringer
U.S. History II (45 min) Schedule 10/14/2015

-Bellringer
-Brain-Break
-State Call-Out
-Brain Break
-Regions Partners
-Brain-Break
-Brain Dump
-Unit 2 Notes 3
-Venn Diagram
-Close
Bellringer: October 19, 2015

1st.
Write down homework
(Leave out for me to check)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd.
Pull out ONE copy of Bellringer

4th Begin to work on Bellringer

**Remember you get points for how you enter the classroom! WIN THE DAY!!!
Full transcript