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Modern day connections to Voltaire's Candide

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by

Lisa Dunbar

on 1 April 2014

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Transcript of Modern day connections to Voltaire's Candide

Characters:
Written by Voltaire in the late 17th century
Satirical novel in response to optimistic philosophy.
Written after the devastating 1755 Lisbon Earthquake
Candide is from Westphalia, Germany and lived with the Baron in the castle of Thunder-Ten-Tronckh
Voltaire was satirizing the famous philosopher, Liebniz, who believed evil was necessary to bring the best out of the world.
Candide's Background
Today's connection with Candide
In Candide, there is a lot of separation between the poor/weak and the powerful/rich. Many of the wealthy make the peasants their servants and do not treat them well. Slavery and abuse is still seen today in some parts of the world.

We have a lot of "stuff" but still feel the need to buy, eat, and hoard more, like the royal Lord Pococurante.

Religious debates and radical separation is still seen today between different countries.

Lust or strong desire for women is used, in Candide, as a weapon raping the women as well as today still.
Candide video (in less than 5 minutes)
Themes seen in Candide
By: Lisa Dunbar
Modern day connections to Voltaire's Candide
Candide: naive , young man assumed the son of the Baron's sister. In love with Cunegonde
Cunegonde: daughter of the Baron; beautiful young girl
Pangloss: Philosopher on optimism; believes everything on and in the world is always for the best reason (" a nose to wear spectacles")
Wealth
: A lot of mistakes Candide makes along the way of his journey to claim back Cunegonde, is when he hoards the riches he finds in Eldorado
Love and Lust
: Candide's whole goal of his many adventures is to find Cunegonde out of love and desire.
Religion and Philosophy vs. Reason
: Candide was torn between following Pangloss or Martin's philosophy about the world and turning to reason
Enlightenment and Social Criticism
: Because of Candide's innocence, he is baffled by some cultures and religions he sees throughout his journey.
Optimism and Disillusion
: Candide was raised on Pangloss's optimistic philosophical belief that everything, even evil, was for the greater good, and seeing many miseries, distorted this view
Sources:
Voltaire. "Candide." The Norton Anthology of World Literature. Ed.

http://www.litcharts.com/lit/candide/themes

http://home.earthlink.net/~ynot/slave1.html

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/bosnia-war-crimes-the-rapes-went-on-day-and-night-robert-fisk-in-mostar-gathers-detailed-evidence-of-the-systematic-sexual-assaults-on-muslim-women-by-serbian-white-eagle-gunmen-1471656.html

http://wow.bu.edu/today/2014/pov-religion-cannot-excuse-discrimination/
Full transcript