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How did France expand its control in North America
Transcript of How did France expand its control in North America
Key Partnerships and Explorations
The business that made New France useful to the French Empire was the fur trade. The fur trade was made possible by continued partnerships with First Nations. Without the Wendat to bring furs into the St. Lawrence region, coureurs de bois, who continued to operate as independent traders, had to go to the source. Exploring North, South, and West. Brothers-in-law Pierre-esprit Radisson and Medard Chouart Des Groseilliers are perhaps the most famous coureurs de bois. Des Groseilliers brought many furs from the north. Radisson, hearing of the great northern sea from the Algonquins and Ojibwa, was guided to Hudson Bay and the rich fur territories that surrounded it.
A Beloved Protector: The Fearless Frontenac
Louis de Buade, Comte de Frontenac, was an extravagant, vain, and charismatic man. He was quick to take offence, but was a hero to many. An experienced soldier, Frontenac became governor of New France in 1672. his task was protect the colony. Frontenac agreed to take the posting only because he needed to escape some debts. He quickly created trouble. He disliked the Jesuits, who he thought were meddlers, and they disliked him. Frontenac proposed that the french and the Haudenosaunee create a business alliance. The Haudenosaunee said they would agree only if the French kept within their own territory.
Unlike the thirteen Colonies of New England, New France grew slowly. Few people wanted to leave France to settle in North America. After all, coming to a new land involved hardships, including harsh winters. In the Thirteen Colonies, hardships could he rewarded with huge economic opportunities. In contrast, a habitant's life in New France was much like a peasant's life in France. This resulted from the French King's efforts to retain social order through the seigneurial system. However, the hard-working habitants lived fairly comfortable lives. They farmed in the river valleys, where the land was most fertile.
Strengthening the French Colony
The First Step was to make colony safe from Haudenosaunee attacks. To accomplish this, the king sent 1100 soldiers to the colony, almost doubling the population of the French in North America. Setting up a government, the governor looked after military affairs, especially dealings with the Haudenosaunee. The Bishop of New France was responsible for religious affairs.
They were also known as the Society of Jesus, they were order of Roman Catholic priests. The Jesuits were determined to go anywhere and make sacrifice to encourage other to start spread their beliefs. doing this helped them be extremely suitable for preaching in the wilderness of North America. In the early 17th century, the Jesuits followed in the footsteps of Champlain, travelling far from Quebec to the Territories of thr Wendat on Georgian bay. This land was called Wendake, or Huronia. The missionaries travelled to many villages to preach and teach.