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New Public Management

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by

Kayla Miller

on 21 November 2014

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Transcript of New Public Management

Examples of New Public Management
So, what is New Public Management?
Criticisms of New Public Management

Where is New Public Management Going?
Public Choice Theory and Managerialism
Origins in the early 1970's and 1980's
Critique of classical and neoclassical PA
Private sector management ideas in the public sector
Schools of Public Administration
Applying private sector management techniques to the public sector
Privatization "farming it out"
Decentralization
Performance-based mechanisms of accountability
Untested in the light of contemporary development - we live in a different world
1970s: "Thatcherism" style governance
Led to the implementation of the Next Steps (1988)

1980s: Reaganomics
Grace Commission Report (1984)

1990s: Clinton's ReGo
National Performance Review (1993)
The Results Act (1993)

2000s: George W., Civil Service Reform, and the birth of Homeland Security
"The President's Management Agenda"
The Executive Order that gave you Homeland Security
Margaret Thatcher
Ronald Reagan
Bill Clinton
George W. Bush
New Public Management Theory
New Public Management
Kayla Miller
Chandler Davis
Nic Cogdall
Adam Rodriguez
Eric Dunsworth

"The Iron Lady" served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990
Initiated radical program reforms for the time
Practically
Institutionally
Her example led to the implementation and the launching of "Next Steps" in 1988
Government reform initiative
Vision: Government only engaged when private arrangements are unsuitable; Performance Management in the form of goals and measuring results
Results to date
Linked with four administrative trends:
Slowing down or reversing gov't growth
Privatization and quasi-privatization
Automation (particularly in IT)
International agenda (globalization)
Born of a marriage of ideas...
Mr. New Institutional Economics and Mrs. Managerialism
I know pronounce you NPM!
Ladies and gentlemen, may I present....
Seven recurring doctrines
I'm so [Christopher] Hood
"A Public Management for all Seasons?"
Hood (1990)
All-weather coat??
Portability and diffusion
Political neutrality
Current State of NPM:
The Affordable Care Act (Obamacare)
Intersection of Public & Private
Integration of digital platform
Success or Failure? Doesn't matter.




NMP is most common in Westernized Capitalistic Liberal Democracies.
Which are on rise.


Is it for everyone though?
...yes and no.


What about the future?




Around the World
The Future of NPM
We are now entering uncharted territory.

A number of obstacles exist:
Must reform
Adaptation is key for survival
The internet poses a series of challenges

What about alternatives?
Digital Era Governance.
What about a global perspective?
Reaganomics
Mobilized the business community to help fight wasteful spending and big government.
Grace Commission Report (1984)
The proposals of this report would "transform the debt situation" as follows:
Results Act (1993)
National Performance Review (1993)
Government that "works better and costs less"
Phase 1
Golden Hammer Award
Phase 2
"President's Management Agenda" (2001)
5 business-like initiatives
Homeland Security Act (2002)
PART (2003)
E-government initiative (2003)
Reforming the Civil Service
Redefining Hood's "public service bargain"
Will NPM last?
Full transcript