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Native Americans, Cowboys, and Buffalo Soldiers
Transcript of Native Americans, Cowboys, and Buffalo Soldiers
NATIVE AMERICANS v. WHITE SETTLERS
- Relied on buffalo to live -Hunted buffalo for sport
-Sharing Land -Owned Land
-Huge Families/tribes -Immediate family
Government Restrictions on Native Americans
- Government set aside the Great Plains as one reservation.
- The Government made treaties that defined specific boundaries for each tribe.
Tribes ignored the boundaries and continued to hunt their original grounds.. This ended in tragedy.
1. Massacre at Sandy Creek.....................................pg.
2. Little Bighorn/Custer's Last Stand.............pg.
3. Wounded Knee..............................................................pg.
1. I want no peace until the indians suffer more.
2. Native Americans waited on Custer to come back to LBH then killed all of his troops.
3. Ghost Dance and killing Sitting Bull
To make room for white settlers moving west, the government tried to ASSIMILIATE Native Americans into white culture.
Americanization, broke up reservations, gave Native Americans private ownership of land.
As the buffalo disappeared and Native Americans were forced onto smaller reservations. Horses and cattle flourished. This resulted in a cattle rancher opening up the Great Plains to big business, ranching from Texas to Kansas became a profitable investment.
Challenges of the Plains
Most lived in
(homes built into sides of hills)
Small, little air or light, leaked, bugs
Extreme in temperatures
Could work as long as the had daylight/land was difficult to work.
Far away from population if you needed something.
Equipment is expensive
Farm equipment and railroad prices.
LAND is the MOST IMPORTANT CONFLICT
that the western settlers and native americans will face.
More than anything the RAILROADS influenced the government's policy towards native americans.
Vaqueros and Cowboys
Factors That Helped Settlement of the Plains
#1 Transcontinental Railroad
- Positives were growth of other industries, faster transport, growth of cities, improved diets, created time zones. Negative effects were that it created monopolies which led to high prices, or fixed prices.
#2 Homestead Act
- 160 acres of FREE land to any citizen who was head of the household. 600.000 families took advantage of this.
America After the Civil War
Demand for beef grew after the Civil War.
Population in cities grew.
Railroads expanded through the Great Plains.
Chisholm Trail- Major cattle route from San Antonio to Kansas.
BARBED WIRE later ended the open range and long cattle drives.
Americans learned to be cowboys from the Spanish Vaqueros.
How to rope, round up, brand, and care for animals.
#3 Morrill Act
(1862 & 1890)
- Gave Federal land to states for agricultural colleges....ex. A&M, Auburn, Penn State
#4 New Technologies
Barbed Wire- helped prevent animals from trampling crops and wandering off.
Reaper- By speeding up harvesting, the reaper saved crops from inclement weather. (Cyrus McCormick, 1847)
Steel Plow- The steel plow made planting more efficient in root filled soil. (John Deere, 1837)
Steel Windmill- In regions with unpredictable rainfall, the steel windmill prevented dehydration by bringing up underground water for irrigation.
Panic of 1893
Collapse of the American economy
Farmers in debt
expanded faster than markets &
were going bankrupt
Stock market crashed
15,000 businesses go out of business
500 banks close
4 million people lost their jobs
Post- Panic of 1893
The Farmers Movement
: local groups that fought to improve farmers' lives
worked against the railroads
: educated farmers on the economy and fought for farmers' rights
Election of Senators by popular vote
(now the 17th Amendment)
Collapsed with the election of President McKinley in the Bryan vs. McKinley election
The central issue in the election was how to back American Currency
Gold Bugs v Silverites
Who they are?
Farmers & Laborers
What they wanted
More money in circulation
Products sold at a higher price
Value of money decreases
More people have money
Who are they?
Bankers & Businessmen
What they wanted
Less money in circulation
Loans would be repaid in stable money
Value of money increases
Fewer people have money
Rise and Fall of Populism
The movement of the people.
Reforms to lift the burden of debt from farmers & to give
people a voice in government
Copy the chart on pg 222 into your lecture notes.
Cross of Gold Speech
Given by William Jennings Bryan in support of bimetallism
Caused some Gold Bug Democrats to nominate their own candidate.
Ruined his chance to be elected!
"...We will answer their demand for a gold standard by saying to them: You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns, you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold."
Chapter 5 Storyboard: Native Americans and Buffalo
Illustrate and label 5 uses of the buffalo (Pg. 203 &207)
A Day in the Life of a Cowboy
Read about Cowboys in the late 1800s
Using the descriptions on pg.210 Illustrate and label a days work, round up, and a long drive
PAGE 11 IN YOUR NOTEBOOK
ON PAGE 13 IN YOUR NOTEBOOK
- Make an advertisement for the Homestead Act (MUST HAVE PICTURES AND WORDS
SETTLING ON THE GREAT PLANES
- Write a paragraph journal entry about settling on the Great Planes, use details from your notes and the book.