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Middle Eastern Chaos.

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George Fenton

on 6 December 2016

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Transcript of Middle Eastern Chaos.

Middle Eastern Chaos:

A result of US Policy?
Summary of our argument
Yes Argument
Why it's not the US' fault/The real problems of the Middle East

Invalidity of Abrams' Claim
Obama came into a Middle East at war: Israel vs. Gaza-based Hamas
claimed Iran was "contained" before Obama came to power
Obama applied himself to confronting Iran unlike many preceding Presidents
US and Egypt
-US has supported stable allies: Saudi royal families, Israel, and Egypt
-Relations with Egypt changed when Nasser came to power
-Attack on Suez Canal -- Camp David
-Aid packages to Egypt -- Peace treaty between Israel and Egypt
Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
-Obama's Secretary of State put in numerous efforts for peace between the two states
-US has been actively seeking peace between regions: Oslo Interim Peace Agreement
-Obama is not the first to fail at settling the conflict
Chaos: Not Result of US
-US has brought aid to Middle East on Multiple occasions
-Saved Middle East numerous times if anything
-Attack on Suez Canal, Nuclearization of Iran, Peace Treaties, and more
Israeli/Arab conflict:

Centered around ethnic/religious conflict
Continues to be one of the most important issues to Middle Eastern countries
Autocratic Governments:
"the man who truly broke Iraq was not George W. Bush, but Saddam Hussein, who through murder, rape, pillage, torture and genocide destroyed millions of Iraqi lives" (Elliott)
Instability causes autocratic governments
Religious/Ethnic Differences:
The large mixture of ethnic/religious groups makes any attempt at a solution difficult.
Chaos within the Middle East

Yes- The policies of Obama have been failures, and they are to blame for the unstable political conditions in the Middle East.
No- Too much blame has been placed on Obama's policies, because he came into office at a time when Middle Eastern politics were already a disaster.
Yes- Brief historical background
Obama’s lack of military action in the Middle East contributed to the Arab Spring, which deteriorated the stability in the Middle East.
Obama's actions were passive, and caused the regions to become much more dangerous.
No- Brief historical background
Conflicts in the Middle East have been going on for centuries.
Obama deemed American forces to be too widespread, and took more initiative in core national security interests: Iran’s nuclear weapons program, terrorism, and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Abram's Claims:
Obama inherited the Middle East largely at peace.
Due to policies during the Obama administration the Middle East has become a chaotic region.
Although Obama has advisers, he does not listen and acts independently.
Obama Inherited the Middle East When It Was Largely At Peace
U.S. involvement began with the Bush administration during the war in Iraq.
Reasoning for deploying troops
Campaign Promises
Bring troops back home from Iraq
Withdrew in 2010
New Operations
Humanitarian conditions
Return of all American forces
Parallels Between Libya and Afghanistan
U.S. Action
Gaddafi bombed out of power
Dismantling of Taliban
Power vacuum
Rise of terrorist organizations
Chaos Is the Result of U.S. Foreign Policy
Bush's administration involvement in the Middle East.
Obama and the military
Libya and Afghanistan
Full transcript