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The Great Schism Bhjones2

The separation of the Early Christian Church creating the Eastern Orthodoxy and The Roman Catholic churches.
by

Brittany H Jones

on 28 February 2013

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Transcript of The Great Schism Bhjones2

The Great Schism The Separation of the Early
Christian Church The Roman Catholic
And
The Eastern Orthodox What Happened Geographical Distance Difference in Beliefs Political Eastern Orthodox Organization Eastern Orthodox Beliefs Roman Catholic Organization Roman Catholic Beliefs The Empire Christianity The People The Byzantine Empire Would be the wealthiest nation from 500 to 1200 AD
It would have the highest standard of living throughout all the rest of Europe.
This empire would become pioneers in art, science and construction The people of Byzantium would quickly form a new culture in their new empire.

Though the empire itself and its people descended from Rome they did not consider themselves Roman.

The main language of the empire was Greek, rather than Latin which was spoken the Romans The people were Christian just like their Roman neighbors, but their beliefs were different than the Catholic Church of Rome.

Eventually they would develop a faith all their own know as Eastern Orthodoxy, or Greek Orthodox. Use the Old Testament, the New Testament, the Deuterocanonical Apocrypha, and The Canon Law as the Sacred scripture, the Bible .

Follow the teachings of Christ and his Apostles.

Believe that Jesus is the son of the one God and died for the sins of man when he was crucified.

Believe the Holy spirit proceeds from the Father AND the Son, speaks through the prophets and is worshiped with the Father and the Son Uses the Apocrypha and other scriptures interpreted by the first seven ecumenical councils of the church as the Holy Scriptures.

Follows the teachings of Christ and his Apostles

Believe that Jesus is the son of the one God and died for the sins of man when he was crucified.

Believe the Holy spirit proceeds from the ONLY the Father, speaks through the prophets and is worshiped with the Father the Son. All Catholic Churches are governed by a hierarchy of Priests, Bishops, Cardinals and over seen by completely by the Pope in Rome.

Easter is celebrated the Sunday after the first full moon following the Spring Equinox.

Churches often support a large group of people. Church consists of a fellowship of self-governing churches (governed by their own head bishops), with the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople holding the honorary title of first in order.

Easter is celebrated at a later time because the Eastern Orthodox follow a different calendar based on passages in holy scripture.

Churches are often smaller groups and focus on a more sensory and mystical experience. The distance between Rome and the Byzantine Empire caused the leader of the Church (the Pope) to be less interactive with the Byzantine citizens.

This distance allowed for each Empire to develop their own beliefs and traditions causing strain on the relationship of the religious groups of the East and West. There were several differences in the practices of each church. Including:
The date of Easter
The religious text followed
The religious rituals followed
The last straw came when Pope Leo III declared a German Frank Charlemagne the Holy Roman Emperor on Christmas Day of 800 AD. This made him the secular hand of the church. Originally, the Christian Church existed as one whole body know as the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church The Western Roman Empire was at this time still being attacked by the German tribes of Northern Europe. The Church called to the East for help. The Byzantines refused,causing tension between the two halves that continued to grow. The Final Split With all the tension, religious and political differences the Church split in two. The Pope excommunicated the members of the Eastern Orthodox faith for "trying to humiliate and crush the holy catholic and apostolic church.” In return the Patriarch Michael Cerularius excommunicated the Pope. And then there were two... Sources: The Byzantine Empire for Kids http://www.kidspast.com/world-history/0151-churches-split.php
About. com: Christianity http://christianity.about.com/
Written by Mary Fairchild
The Nicene Creed
Roman Catholic Church Denomination
Eastern Orthodox Church Denomination
The Split between Western Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. Written by Dr. Jim Eckman http://graceuniversity.edu/iip/2011/08/11-08-20-2/ by bhjones2
Full transcript