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CIVIL WAR!!

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Anna Parham

on 17 May 2016

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Transcript of CIVIL WAR!!

fighting against slavery
The Industrial Revolution was another
of those extraordinary jumps forward in the story of civilization.
-Stephen Gardiner
Why Did the South
Need
Slavery?
Industrialization changes the North
Abolitionists
The Industrial Revoltion brought many changes to the North. Industrialization meant that more factories were being built to manufacture, or make goods. Goods were made faster in a factory, and money could be made quickly.
More factories meant that more jobs were available. Immigrants began arriving in the north from other countries to have a chance at a new life in the United States. The population began to grow.

Abolitionists fought against slavery. They didn't beleive in the cruelty that slavery withstood. They did different things to show their support for freedom. Follow the circles to learn more about famous abolitionists.
Before the Civil War Begins- 1861
How are the North and South Different?
The North and South
Are Different
What lead to the Civil War?
War is coming!!
-These events of the Wesward Movement
lead to the Civil War.
*Missouri Comprise
*Fugitive Slave Law
* Annexation of Texas
*Compromise of 1850
*Kansas-Nebraska Act
* Dred Scott Decision
A Nation Divided
North
South
-factories
-lumber
-ship building
-rocky soil
-big cities
-population
growth
-public
education
-agriculture
farming
-
slavery
-cash crops
-little public
education
The South depended on farming as its main source for money. The large planations needed many workers, and slave labor was free. Therefore, planation owners began to buy more and
more slaves to work the
plantations.
William
Lloyd Garrison
-published an abolitionist
newspaper called The Liberator
-The newspaper spread the word that slavery was wrong and should be abolished.
Sojourner Truth
-1st African American woman to gain recognition as an anti-slavery speaker.
-Former slave who was freed.
-She grew in large crowds to hear her powerful speeches about women's rights
Fredrick Douglass
- taught himself to read and write
while he was still a slave.
-escaped slavery
-became a spokesman for anti-slavery
-wrote an autobiography
-had to flee to England after the Fugitive Slave Law went into affect.
Harriet Tubman
-an escaped slave who helped over 300 slaves escape on the Underground Railroad.
-known to others as "Moses"
-also served as a spy for the Union Army.
John Brown
-white abolitionist who led
a slave revolt at Harper's Ferry, Virginia.
-he was captured and killed
-he was hailed a hero since he stood up for anti-slavery.
All of these events involved a decision concerning slavery. Arguments were strong and debates were heated. People in the North and South just couldn't agree on slavery.

What did Sectionalism have to do with the War?
The Northern and Southern sections of the country had different beliefs about the
government. Each section felt that their ideas and beliefs were the best and most important.
Neither side would budge.
Sectionalism is when one section, or area, believes their ways are better.
Move to the next square to see the differences in the North and South.


The North and South Don't Agree!!
North
South
- Supported and recognized
the national government's
power
-They supported the
Federalist party led by
Alexander Hamilton
- believed that industrialization was a better way to make money, freeing themselves of slave labor.
-Supported abolitionists more.
- Believed the states
should have more
power than the
national government
-Supported the Democratic-Republican party led by Thomas Jefferson.
-believed in an agricultural (farming) society to make money using slave labor.
Lincoln for President!!
Let's Keep this Country Together
During the time that the North and South were disagreeing and arguing about how the country should be run, Abraham Lincoln was nominated to be
president. The election of 1860 would be a very important one. The South was afraid that Lincoln would not support slavery, and their plantations would fail. Lincoln really wanted the country to stay united, but the South just didn't trust him.

Lincoln Wins the Election, the South Secedes from the Union
Lincoln Wins!
The South wasn't happy that Lincoln won, and decided they would secede, or separate, from the United States of America. They declared they were a new country named the Confederate States of America, or Confederacy for short.
The Civil War Begins
The war began at Fort Sumter in Charleston, SC. The Union Army was positioned there, and surrounded by the Confederate Army. Lincoln informed the Confederate President, Jefferson Davis, to surrender, but Davis wouldn't give up. He told his troops, the Confederates, to fire on Fort Sumter and take down the Union troops. Davis fired upon Ft. Sumter for thirty-four hours which burned buildings and knocked down walls. However, no soldiers died during this battle. The Confederates succeeded in taking over Fort Sumter. As a result, four more states joined the Confederacy for a total of 11 Confederate states. War had begun and each side began collecting troops and developing strategies.
Confederate troops fire upon Fort Sumter.
1861-1865
A Nation At War
Strategies of the North
North
- The strategy of the North was
called the Anaconda Plan.
-It blocked ships from coming into
Southern ports, so supplies couldn't
be shipped in.
-The North wanted to split the
Confederacy in two at the Mississippi
River. They did succeed!
-The North would attack the Southern
Railroad System and Telegraph System.
-The North would finally try to
attack the Confederate capitol of
Richmond, VA.
Southern Strategies
-The South was to fight back
defensively.
-They relied on cotton trade
with England for financial
support.
-They hoped England would
lend them money.
-The South was able to defend
Richmond and threatened
Washington, the Union's
capitol.
-Most battles were fought in
the South, except for two:
Gettysburg and Antietam.
Emancipation Proclamation

After a Union victory at
Antietam, President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. It freed the slaves in ten states that were fighting against the Union, the Confederate states. However, it did not actually outlaw slavery. This would not be accomplished until the 13th Amendment in 1865. This amendment made African Americans legal citizens of the United States. The Confederacy didn't follow President Lincoln, therefore, they didn't obey the Proclamation. The Proclamation did give the war a new reason to be fought for the Union, freedom for slaves.
The Battle of Gettysburg
During the Battle of Gettysburg, the Confederate Army attacked the North but was turned back. This fight was the turning point of the Civil War. The South was becoming crushed and decimated. They were never able to attempt another invasion in the North. Many soldiers were killed during this battle. President Lincoln made a powerful speech called The Gettysburg Address and dedicated part of the field as a National Cemetery. The speech reminded people that the United States should come together, not be separated.
African- Americans
During the War
In the North
In the South
-formed military companies, or groups, to fight against slavery
-later enlisted in the Union Army as soldiers
-worked as spies, guides, and
messangers
- The Confederate Army was afraid to give their slaves weapons.
-Slaves were forced into service building forts, working in Southern factories, and performing duties during battle such as
cooking and washing
1865
It's Over!!
General Lee Surrenders

After four years of fighting, Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House. The Confederate troops were exhausted and without supplies. The war had destroyed the South's army and economy. They couldn't go on fighting.
President Lincoln is Shot
Four days after the surrender, President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington DC. Booth was unhappy with the outcome of the war. He sided with the Confederates.
Lincoln's assassination was devastating for the country. People were shocked and in disbelief. Who would rebuild the nation?
Reconstruction Begins
What Now?
How did the War Affect the Nation?
The South was devastated in battle. Farms, cities, and towns were burned, bombed, and destroyed.
Slaves were freed in the South, and plantation owners lost workers. Plantations failed.
The North was not
greatly affected since
most of the fighting was
in the South.
Women During the War
*Women were left in charge of the
homes while men went to war.
*Women had many jobs:
-nurses
-factory workers -knit socks
-roll bandages -manage farms
-secretaries -teachers
*Women continued these jobs
after the war, because so
many men didnt return.
This period was called
Reconstruction
because the South had to be put back
together, or constructed again.
Missouri Compromise
Fugitive Slave Law
Annexation
of Texas
Compromise of 1850
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Dred Scott
Decision
Agreement that allowed Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state and Maine to enter the Union as a free state. The Compromise also drew an imaginary line dividing the new Louisiana Territory into two areas, one north and one south. All of the Louisiana Territory north of this line was free territory, meaning that any territories that became states from this area would enable African-Americans to be free. The Compromise also encouraged people in the north to return runaway slaves to their homes and did not prohibit slavery, even in the free territories.
law passed as part of the Compromise of 1850. This law made it tougher on slaves who ran away and demanded stricter punishment for those helping slaves run away.
The Compromise of 1850 also admitted California as a free state and separately organized the territories of Utah and New Mexico without restrictions on slavery. Decisions were
based on voting.
1854 Act of Congress that repealed the Missouri Compromise and introduced as the guiding principle behind the idea that citizens of newly formed territories could decide when they applied for statehood whether slavery would be allowed in their new state. People in Kansas did not want slavery in their
new state.
Chief Justice Roger Taney said that African-Americans could never become United States citizens and that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional. Further, the Court said, Congress could not constitutionally exclude slavery from the territories. Therefore, slaves that were
being taken into free states were still
considered slaves because slaves were
considered property, and property
could not be taken away.
The debate over
Texas allowing slavery
caused a split in
government.
Three main areas of disagreement and causes for the Civil War:

States' Rights
Sectionalism
Slavery
Full transcript