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John Marshall

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by

Tanmay Mulay

on 14 January 2014

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Transcript of John Marshall

Fourth Chief Justice of the U.S Chief Justice John Marshall Personal Info. Born on September 24, 1755 in a log cabin on the Virginia frontier. (Died 1835)
Oldest of fifteen (eight sisters and six brothers)
Father was Thomas Marshall and Mother was Mary Isham Keith.
His father was a surveyor and land agent, employed by Lord Fairfax in Fauquier County.
The family moved a few times, eventually settling next to North Cobbler Mountains, named "Oak Hill" Educational Background In his early years, he was taught literature by his dad.
Because of no formal schooling, John was sent to an academy in Washington Parish, nearly 100 miles away for 1 year
Later he was taught by a minister who also taught
Served in Continental Army from 1775-1780 reaching the ranking of captain.
Later on he learned law under Chancellor George Wythe, in Williamsburg, Virginia. Highlight Case Wikipedia
Lawnix.com
Biography.com
Google Images
Google
Yahoo
ushistory.org
wikianswers *John Marshall and Thomas Jefferson were relatives, descendents of William Randolph Awards/honors
He had several schools named after him
Marshall County, Kentucky was named after him
He has his own memorial in Washington D.C.
There is a John Marshall Award.
He is known as the longest serving chief justice serving 34 years! Marbury v. Madison (1803) Facts:
During John Adams role as president he appointed 42 justices of the peace, one of whom was William Marbury.
This was done because of the Organic Act, a try by federalists to take control of the federal judiciary. By appointing Federalist judges.
The plan was to deliver the nominations (signed by Adams) before Jefferson became president, but that never happened.
Jefferson refused and told James Madison (Secretary of State) not to send them.
Marbury then wanted the Supreme Court to write writs of mandamus to force Madison to send those appointments. Issue: Can Supreme Court issue writs of mandamus to make Madison pass the appointments? Arguements:
Marbury has the right to ask to carry out a particular task (commission) {Marbury}
Marbury had a right to a legal remedy because law required it. {Marbury}
Supreme Court can't issue a writ like this since section 13 of the Judiciary Act of 1789 says its unconstituional and invalid. {Madison} Verdict: Unanimous 4-0
If Congress is issued a case in which laws passed by Congress conflict with the Constitution, then Supreme Court chooses to abide by which rule to be chosen. This decision can be changed by Congress. This case is important since it establishes the true power of the Supreme Court and its power of Judicial Review. How its able to disregard the constitution or a law. How it isn't influenced by any other federal branch. How it is equal in power to the legislative and executive branch. Work Cited: Thanks For Watching! By Tanmay Mulay Period 7 Professional Background Before becoming justice, John Marshall served as secretary of state, in the US house of Reps, and in the Virginia House of Delegates.
He was sent to France by John Adams as one of three commissioners. failing their mission he still came back really popular. this helped him in elections and later on to becoming chief justice. appointed by John Adams.
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