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Accelerated Reader Presentation

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Cassidy Vance

on 18 June 2013

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Transcript of Accelerated Reader Presentation

Alternatives to AR
Pros of AR
Cons of AR
Accelerated Reader
Different perspectives presented by Symantha Jefferson, Whitney Mileski, and Cassidy Vance
“Accelerated Reader was found to have no discernible effects on reading fluency or comprehension for adolescent learners.”

"In terms of reading fluency, a researcher, Bullock, did not find “significant effects of Accelerated Reader” on the DIBELS, Oral Reading Fluency subtest in grades 4 and 5. According to the WWC, this was not enough improvement (0.25) to be considered important."
“READ 180 aims to address gaps in individual student’s skills through 90-minute sessions, during which students receive several different types of instruction.”
"Although most students typically tend to show positive increases in their reading habits for academic purposes while participating in the Accelerated Reader Program, sadly the reverse is true for reading for recreational purposes. Thus the goal of having students value reading for purposes other than academics is negatively affected. Additionally, reading attitudes for males of lower socioeconomic status were negatively affected as were their perceptions in their abilities."
Mallette, M., Henk, W. A., Melnick, S.A. (2004). The Influence of Accelerated Reader On the Affective Literacy Orientations of Intermediate Grade Students. Journal of Literacy Research, 36(1), 73-84.
"Unfortunately, the variety of genres available for students to read are limited to the titles for which tests are included in the packages sold as part of the Accelerated Reader package and may not necessarily reflect the interests of young readers."
Pavonetti, L.M., Brimmer, K.M., CipiewskiJ.F. (2002). Accelerated reader: What are the lasting effects on the reading habits of middle school students exposed to accelerated reader in elementary grades? Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 46(4), 300-311.
What Works Clearinghouse, (ED). "Accelerated Reader[TM]. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report." What Works Clearinghouse (2010): ERIC. Web. 4 June 2013.
What Works Clearinghouse, (ED). "READ 180[R]. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report." What Works Clearinghouse (2010): ERIC. Web. 4 June 2013.
"In a study conducted by Papalewis in 2002 with urban 8th graders, findings showed that students in the READ 180 program made “quantifiable improvement” in Reading and Language Arts over those not participating in the program."

“This research suggests that READ 180 provides strong teacher professional development and ongoing support, which lack of is found in the criticism of public school practices with poor readers.”
Papalewis, Rosemary. "Struggling Middle School Readers: Successful, Accelerating Intervention." Reading Improvement41.1 (2004): 24-37. Professional Development Collection. Web. 5 June 2013.
The materials for READ 180 include workbooks, paperback books, audio books with CDs, and computer software. All of these materials are combined to be used through classroom instruction, guided practice, and independent practice/reading to improve reading comprehension and fluency.
Miyashiro, D. (2011, September 4). Accelerated Reader Video. YouTube. Retrieved June 5, 2013, from
Topic Software: READ 180 Next Generation. (2012, December 19). YouTube. Retrieved June 5, 2013, from
"As supported by research, AR is an effective tool for strengthening reading comprehension and motivating students. Carol Ann Howard, for her 1999 doctoral dissertation at Old Dominion University, conducted a study of recreational reading in grades three through five in a southeastern Virginia school district. She concluded as part of her findings,"...recreational reading, using AR, increases reading vocabulary, comprehension, and attitude, providing it is utilized as intended" (Howard 1999).
Solley, K. (2011). Accelerated reader can be effective tool to encourage and bolster student reading. Knowledge Quest, 39(4), 46-49. Retrieved June 3, 2013, from the Galileo database.
"One of the students involved in the AR program stated,"I read for the fun of it now. " Another student commented that the favorite part of using AR is that it provides a quiet time to relax and enjoy a good book."
Moyer, M., & Williams, M. (2011). Custominzing accelerated reader helps Delsea Regional high school encourage student reading. Knowledge Quest, 39(4), 68-73. Retrieved June 3, 2013, from the Galileo database.
-AR provides three questions that serve to maximize student motivation and their achievement:

"Where are they going with their learning? Where am I now? How can I close the gap?" (Chappius 2OO9).
Moyer, M., & Williams, M. (2011). Customizing accelerated reader helps Delsea Regional high school encourage student reading. Knowledge Quest, 39(4), 68-73. Retrieved June 3, 2013, from the Galileo database.
"The use of extrinsic rewards tends to inhibit students developing intrinsic motivations for achievements in reading. When students are rewarded with material goods, their desire to read purely for pleasure is negatively affected as they learn to develop a “what’s in it for me” attitude. Additionally, students’ individual test results may be compromised by sharing of answers among classmates. Due to such practices, some students develop a distaste for reading which is a necessary skill for academic success."
Carter, B. (1996). Hold the applause! Do accelerated reader & electronic bookshelf send the right message? School Library Journal, 42(10), 22-25.
"Issues sometimes arise due to Renaissance Learning’s process used for leveling books in relation to students’ zone of proximal development (ZPD). Some titles which fall within students’ ZPD range may present a conflict between their maturity levels and abilities. Students may select reading materials for which they lack the experience to handle because they may feel pressure to read only books which fall within their ZPD level."

-Examples of mature children's literature:
Rats Saw God by Rob Thomas

Perks of Being a Wall Flower by Stephen Chbosky

Baby Be-Bop by Francesca Lia Block
Biggers, D. (2001). The argument against accelerated reader.Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 45(1), 72-75.
"Lack of sufficient longitudinal research results available to support Renaissance Learning’s claim that Accelerated Reader positively impacts the reading achievements of students. In addition to the lack of longitudinal studies, the types of studies which have been conducted reveal gaps in the research which need to be addressed."
The controversy continues-A literature review of the effectiveness of accelerated reader in increasing achievement and student motivation.Illinois Reading Council Journal, 38(2), 3-9.
"By using STAR Reading and by customizing AR, students are active participants in their learning. Students are part of the reading instruction process, and are engaged in planning and reflecting upon their growth as readers."
Moyer, M., & Williams, M. (2011). Customizing accelerated reader helps Delsea Regional high school encourage student reading. Knowledge Quest, 39(4), 68-73. Retrieved June 3, 2013, from the Galileo database.
"ESL students can benefit from a school-wide implementation of AR."

" Given the limited time students are in the ESL class, students need to be engaged in free reading throughout the school day, which can be accomplished when AR is implemented in all subjects."
McGlinn, J. M., & Parrish, A. (2002). Accelerating ESL students' reading progress with accelerated reader. Reading Horizons, 42(3), 176-189. Retrieved June 3, 2013, from the Galileo database.
Also, Accelerated Reader needs to include more poetry and nonfiction selections, such as:

Poetry Texts:
Where the Sidewalk Ends, A Light in the Attic,and Falling Up, all by Shel Silverstein


Nonfiction Texts:
How Full Is Your Bucket? by Tom Rath and Mary Reckmeyer


Raising the Bar by Gabrielle Douglas


13 Planets: The Latest View of the Solar System by David Aguilar
Pavonetti, L.M., Brimmer, K.M., CipiewskiJ.F. (2002). Accelerated reader: What are the lasting effects on the reading habits of middle school students exposed to accelerated reader in elementary grades? Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 46(4), 300-311.
Examples of Children's Literature
This AR comprehension quiz about the book, Of Mice and Men, helps to reinforce the understanding of inference.
The website, AR BookFinder (http://www.arbookfind.com/UserType.aspx), encourages reluctant readers to be able to easily find books that might interest them.
"Orletta Rush, a principal at Lipscomb Elementary School has worked in education for 14 years, and says,'I really think it is positive as far as reinforcing reading skills. Because students, especially during the summer time don't want to keep up with the reading,' says Rush. 'It reinforces and gives them rewards and gives them something to work toward as far as Accelerated Reader.'"
"A lot of times, students basically can read fluent, but cannot understand or recall what they've read," Rush explains. "This again reinforces that skill with those students who are going to need this skill in years to come, especially with testing."
bio, E. B. (2012, August 28). Educators see benefits in Accelerated Reader program - ABC 33/40 - Birmingham News, Weather, Sports. Home - ABC 33/40 - Birmingham News, Weather, Sports. Retrieved June 17, 2013, from http://www.abc3340.com/story/19343814/educators-see-benefits-in-accelerated-reader-program
Examples of Children's Literature
Read 180
SpellRead
Fast ForWord
Topic Software: SpellRead in the Classroom. (2010, November 18). YouTube. Retrieved June 11, 2013, from
"SpellRead has students work in small groups of 5 with one instructor. Lessons are implemented in 3 phases that combine phonemics, phonetics, and instruction in language-based reading and writing. Each program takes 5-9 months to complete and can be started during any grade."
What Works Clearinghouse, (ED). "Spellread[TM]. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report." What Works Clearinghouse (2013): ERIC. Web. 10 June 2013.
"SpellRead is a literacy program for students in grades 2-12 designed to integrate auditory and visual aspects of reading."
“...emphasizes specific skill mastery through systematic and explicit instruction.”
What Works Clearinghouse, (ED). "Spellread[TM]. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report." What Works Clearinghouse (2013): ERIC. Web. 10 June 2013.
“SpellRead was found to have potentially positive effects on alphabetics, reading fluency, and comprehension for adolescent readers.”
What Works Clearinghouse, (ED). "Spellread[TM]. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report." What Works Clearinghouse (2013): ERIC. Web. 10 June 2013.
Topic Software: Fast ForWord Overview. (2012, May 1). YouTube. Retrieved June 11, 2013, from
"Fast ForWord is a reading program that uses computer software to help 'develop and strengthen the cognitive skills necessary for successful reading and learning.'”
"There are 3 series included in Fast ForWord: language, literacy, and reading."

"The language and literacy series aim to build cognitive skills (memory, attention, processing, sequencing) as well as language and reading skills (listening accuracy, phonological awareness, and knowledge of language structures)."
"The reading series “aims to increase processing efficiency and further improve reading skills...” (sound-letter associations, phonological awareness, word recognition, knowledge of English language conventions, vocabulary, and comprehension)."
"Fast ForWord uses computer games to entertain children while developing cognitive processes."
What Works Clearinghouse, (ED). "Fast Forword[R]. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report." What Works Clearinghouse (2013): ERIC. Web. 10 June 2013.
What Works Clearinghouse, (ED). "Fast Forword[R]. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report." What Works Clearinghouse (2013): ERIC. Web. 10 June 2013.
What Works Clearinghouse, (ED). "Fast Forword[R]. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report." What Works Clearinghouse (2013): ERIC. Web. 10 June 2013.
READ 180 Classroom:

-The classroom is set up into stations. Class starts out in a whole group. The teacher teaches a mini-lesson, focusing on a topic students will use in their reading, a reading strategy, vocabulary, writing strategy, etc.

- The class breaks off into stations. The stations are individual reading, guided reading, and small group practice with the teacher. Occasionally, there may be a group writing, depending on how the teacher wants to set up the classroom.
Examples of Children's Literature
Examples of Children's Literature
Full transcript