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Code of Hammurabi

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Nethusa Sathirasa

on 23 September 2014

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Transcript of Code of Hammurabi

Code of Hammurabi
The code:
consists of 282 laws
has scaled punishments according to offense
punishments are given according to your economic status/ social class
slave vs. free man

there are many different parts of the code, 1/2 of the code consists of laws having to do with the matter of contract eg. establishing wages to be paid for a surgeon
another part has to do with transactions such as house hold and family relationships, obligations on officials, food and theft
the laws are arranged in orderly groups, it was organized so everyone who read the code knew what was expected from them
Examples of Laws
1. if anyone brings accusation of any crimes before the elders, and does not prove what he has charged, he shall if it be a capital offense be put to death
2. If he have no money to repay, than he shall pay in corn or sesame in a place of money as rent for what he recieved from the merchant according to the royal tariff
3. if the finger is pointed at a mans wife, about another man, but she is not caught sleeping with another man, she shall jump into the river for her husband's sake
4. if a man has broken into a house he shall be killed before the breach and buried there
Impact on Canadian Law
The Canadian legal system is greatly influenced by the retribution portion of Hammurabi's code. Laws are present in this day and society because of Hammurabi's method of thought and morals set the model of our own, eg. Punishment: legal actions were taken under the code by writing pledges, and testimonies were also taken under oath. This code of law was able to maintain by appealing to the authority of the gods state. Punishments are different from the code to now but the authority that the government had is still the same.
What is it?
The code of Hammurabi is:
series of laws created by the 6th ruler of Babylon King Hammurabi
code dates back to 1772 B.C
it is preserved to this day on human sized stone stele and various clay tablets
The Code's Features and Legal System

Interesting Facts
1) The code of Hammurabi is the earliest known code of law. (Hammurabi laws are often cited as the oldest written laws on record, but they were predated by at least two other ancient codes of conduct from the middle east
2) The code included many bizarre and gruesome forms of punishment. An example if a man broke the bone of one his equals, his own bone would be broken in return. This is in reference to Hammurabi's ideal which was " an eye for an eye. "
3) The laws varied according to social class and gender. The code took a brutal approach to justice. The code listed different punishments for men and women with regard to marital infidelity. Men were allowed to have extramarital relationships with the maid, servants, and slaves but women who were messing around were to be bound and tossed into Euphrates river along with their lovers
Brief Video about the Code of Hammurabi
Video Quiz!!!!
1) Law establishes a person's...
a) obligations and rights
b) punishments
c) commitment
d) All of the Above
a) Obligations and Rights
2) Most people agree that _________ is one of laws guiding principles.
a) rules
b) punishments
c) government
d) justice
d) justice
What part of the code helped inspire the Canadian Legal System?
a) contribution
b) attribution
c) retiribution
d) distribution
c) retribution
4) How many laws are featured in the Code of Hammurabi
b) 282
1) eawc.evansville.edu/anthology/hammurabi.htm
2) www.fordham.edu/halsall/ancient/hamcode.asp
3) www.commonlaw.com/Hammurabi.html
4) www.history.com/.../8-things-you-may-not-know-about-hammurabis-code
5) history.howstuffworks.com/historical-events/code-of-hammurabi2.htm
By: Dawn. V & Nethusa.S
5) If a woman is not caught cheating with another man....
a) she jumps in a river
b) she divorces him
c) she apologizes to her husband
d) none of the above
c) she jumps in a river
6) When does the code date back to
a) 1770 B.C
b) 1771 B.C
c) 1772 B.C
d) 1773 B.C
c) 1772 B.C
This is the symbol for an eye for an eye from the code itself, this is thestele version and it is on display at Le Louvre in Paris, France
Full transcript