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Toponyms in Canada & The United States

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Brooke Bova

on 5 February 2017

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Transcript of Toponyms in Canada & The United States

In ancient Greece "Arcadia" referred to a Peloponnesian plain that was thought of as a sort of earthly paradise.
Toponyms in Canada & The United States
Associative
Moses Washington
United States of America

Commemorative
Commendatory
Descriptive
Incident Related
Possessive
Folk
Manufactured
Mistakes
Shift
Truth or Consequences, New Mexico
United States of America
Lancaster, Pennsylvania
United States of America
Plains, Georgia
United States of America
Medicine Hat, Alta
Canada
Acadia
Canada
Kicking Horse Pass
Canada
Its territorial origin follows the French colonial efforts in the early 17th century. The first permanent agricultural settlements in what is now Canada occurred there.
The name "Acadia" most likely originated with Giovanni da Verrazzano, an Italian explorer serving the King of France.
Early Acadia
Medicine Hat inherited its name from the native word "saamis" which means medicine man's hat. A number of legends tell the story of how this city was named. One of these legends is beautifully depicted in a sculptured brick mural at City Hall.
The legend tells of a winter of great famine and hardship for the Blackfoot nation. The elders of the Council chose a young man to save his tribe from starvation. Setting out with his new wife and favourite wolf dog, he journeyed down the ice-bound South Saskatchewan River. After many arduous days they made their way to the “breathing hole” an opening in the ice, located on the river between what is now Police Point and Strathcona Park in Medicine Hat. This location was a sacred place to the First Nations’ people: a place where the water spirits came to breathe.
Sammis Teepee
The pass was first explored by Europeans in 1858 by the Palliser Expedition led by Captain John Palliser. The pass and the adjacent Kicking Horse River were given their names after James Hector, a naturalist, geologist, and surgeon who was a member of the expedition, was kicked by his horse while exploring the region.
1887 Painting of
Kicking Horse Pass
Palliser Expedition:
The British North American Exploring Expedition, commonly called the Palliser expedition, explored and surveyed the open prairies and rugged wilderness of western Canada from 1857 to 1860. The purpose was to explore possible routes for the Canadian Pacific Railway and discover new species of plants. The expedition was led by John Palliser.
Before the construction of Grand Coulee Dam on the Columbia River in 1941 and Larson Air Base in 1942 the area was largely barren.
Native Americans knew the area as Houaph, which meant willow. Chief Moses

was leader
of the Sinkiuse tribe from 1859 to 1899, and was forced to negotiate with white settlers who began to settle in the area in the 1880s. Under pressure from the government,
Chief Moses traded the Columbia Basin land for a reservation
that stretched from Lake Chelan north to the Canada–US border. The government later traded again for what is now the Colville Indian Reservation.
The new settlers named the lake in honor of the chief. The city was originally named Neppel, after a town in Germany where one of the original settlers had lived.
Quincy, Massachusetts
United States of America
"City of Presidents"
Quincy is the
birthplace of two U.S. presidents
— John Adams and his son John Quincy Adams — as well as John Hancock, a President of the Continental Congress and the first signer of the Declaration of Independence.
First settled in 1625, Quincy was
briefly part of Dorchester and Boston before becoming the north precinct of Braintree
in 1640. In 1792, Quincy was split off from Braintree; the new town was
named after Colonel John Quincy
, maternal grandfather of Abigail Adams and after whom John Quincy Adams was also named.[3]
Quincy became a city in 1888
.
Originally inhabited by the Muscogee people, by the 1840s three small settlements existed nearby: Plains of Dura, Magnolia Springs, and Lebanon.
As railway access expanded into the region in response to increased cotton farming, these settlements coalesced closer to the new railway location. As businesses rapidly developed, local businessmen successfully petitioned the State Legislature to shorten Plains of Dura to Plains.
Despite differentiation into peanut cultivation, the Great Depression deprived the community of much of its prosperity.
Plains remained a quiet Southern town until Jimmy Carter rose to political prominence in the 1970s.
More information on Plains, Georgia
Plains was founded in 1827 after federal authorities forced out Creek Indians under the Treaty of Washington, and was located one mile north of its present site. The surrounding land is flat, and Plains was originally called the Plains of Dura, after the biblical place.
Mainly produced cotton and peanuts in Plains
Originally named Hot Springs, the city changed its name to "Truth or Consequences", the title of a popular NBC Radio program.
In March 1950,
Ralph Edwards
, the host of the radio quiz show Truth or Consequences, announced that he would
air the program on its 10th anniversary from the first town that renamed itself after the show
; Hot Springs
won
the honor, officially
changing its name
on March 31, 1950 (the program broadcast from there the following evening, April 1st). Edwards visited the town during the first weekend of May for the next 50 years. This
event was called "Fiesta
" and
included a beauty contest, a parade, and a stage show.
The city still celebrates Fiesta each year during the first weekend of May. The parade generally features area celebrities such as the Hatch Chile Queen. Fiesta also features a dance in Ralph Edwards Park
-one of the oldest inland towns
in the United States
Originally called Hickory Town, the city was renamed after the English city of Lancaster by native John Wright. Its symbol, the red rose, is from the House of Lancaster.[8] Lancaster was part of the 1681 Penn's Woods Charter of William Penn, and was laid out by James Hamilton in 1734. It was incorporated as a borough in 1742 and incorporated as a city in 1818
History of Lancaster
Did you Know?
During the American Revolution, Lancaster was the capital of the United States for one day, on September 27, 1777, after the Continental Congress fled Philadelphia, which had been captured by the British.
The first paved road in the United States was the former Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike
Meech Lake (Meach Lake until 1982)
Quebec, Canada
The Lake is named after pioneer settler, Asa MEECH, but after a misspelling on an 1890 Canadian map it took centuries to fix the error. The repair was made in 1982.
Near the lake, on Meech Creek, are the ruins of a fertilizer plant built by Thomas "Carbide" Willson during the 1900s. In 1981, Willson's former summer home (the Willson House) on Meech Lake was converted into a government conference centre. The house is notable for its use, in 1987, as the site of meetings on the Meech Lake Accord (which proposed the overhauling of Canada's constitution) between the provincial premiers and then-Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.
Prince Edward Island
Province in Canada
The island is named for Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (1767–1820), the fourth son of King George III and the father of Queen Victoria. Prince Edward has been called "Father of the Canadian Crown."
The island has several informal names:
"Garden of the Gulf," referring to the pastoral scenery and lush agricultural lands throughout the province
"Birthplace of Confederation" or "Cradle of Confederation"
Historically, PEI is one of Canada's older settlements and demographically still reflects older immigration to the country, with Celtic, Anglo-Saxon and French surnames being dominant to this day.
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