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The Art of Assessment in the Montessori Classroom

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on 29 May 2015

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Transcript of The Art of Assessment in the Montessori Classroom

Assessment: A PEACE of the Montessori Classroom
Accountability
Accountability of meeting standards and ensuring the educational growth of every child has definitely influenced the Montessori Method of Teaching. Within the public schools we are held to meet or exceed assessment scores of all students in the school district. We need to prove ensured educational growth for all students educated through the Montessori Method.
Forms of Assessment
1. Observation
2. Work Plan Assessment
3. Formative Assessment
4. Summative Assessment
Assessment in education is the process of gathering, interpreting, recording, and using information about pupils’ responses to an educational task. (Harlen, Gipps, Broadfoot, Nuttal,1992)
Observation
Especially within the Montessori classroom observation is critical. The directress delivers presentations to small groups of children presenting them the materials and manner in which they will engage in the learning process.
Work Plan Assessment
Student Work plans can be designed to provide rich amounts feedback on your students performance.
Maria Montessori
Maria Montessori developed the Montessori Method of teaching children many many years ago. In the early stages of Montessori Education, assessment was completed at the end of the three year cycle. The philosophy of follow the child was directly that; observe, present, and follow the child as their learning process enfolds. We continue to endorse this philosophy as much as we can, however with Montessori programs becoming integral parts of the Public School Systems we to must alter our teaching strategies to ensure growth of all children with in the expectations of meeting the Common Core Standards.
Anecdotal Notes
Notes on the process or learning style of the student are crucial.
Notes on the work plan
Flip cards on a clip board
Three ring binders
It is important to indicate the way your students learn to help alter and modify their needs.
ie.. the students attends presentations but learns best through one on one representations
Differentiated Work Plans
Student differentiation can be accomplished through developing various work plans per years in the classroom .
Within the first year their could be three levels of work plans indicating the same skill at different stages with various materials.
Formative Assessment
“…learner-centered, teacher-directed,
mutually beneficial, formative,
context-specific, ongoing,
and firmly rooted in good practice"
(Angelo and Cross, 1993).
Provides information on what an individual
student needs to:

Practice

Have re-taught

Learn next
Teachers value and believe in students.

Sharing learning goals with the students
(Learning Targets)

Involving students in self-assessment.

Providing feedback that helps students
recognize their next steps and how to take them.

Being confident that every student can improve.

Providing students with examples of what we expect from them.

Taken at varying intervals throughout a
course to provide information and feedback that will help improve the quality of student learning the quality of the course itself
Summative Assessment
Generally taken by students at the end of a unit or semester to demonstrate the "sum" of what they have or have not learned.

Summative assessment methods are the most traditional way of evaluating student work.

"Good summative assessments--tests and other graded evaluations--must be demonstrably reliable, valid, and free of bias" (Angelo and Cross, 1993).

FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT
Assessment OF Learning
Assessment FOR Learning
Examples of Montessori Formative Assessment:
Examples of Summative Assessment in Montessori:
Observation
Anecdotal Notes
Work Plan Progress
Peer Teaching
Conferencing with students
Discussing learning targets and engaging students to understand why they are learning what they are learning
Summative


‘…assessment (that) has increasingly been used to sum up learning…’(Black and Wiliam, 1999)
‘… looks at past achievements … adds procedures or tests to existing work ... involves only marking
and feedback grades to student … is separated from teaching … is carried out at intervals when achievement has to be summarized and reported.’ (Harlen, 1998)


If we think of our children as plants …

Summative assessment of the plants is the process of simply measuring them.
It might be interesting to compare and analyze measurements but, in themselves, these do not affect the growth of the plants.

Formative assessment, on the other hand, is the equivalent of feeding and watering the plants appropriate to their needs - directly affecting their growth.


District required assessments
End of the unit assessments
Standardized assessments
Full transcript