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What were the achievements of Black Power?
Transcript of What were the achievements of Black Power?
One of the biggest triumphs of Black Power was remaking black identity. After slavery and segregation stripped black people of their independence and pride this was a big problem amongst the black communities.
What were the achievements of Black Power?
Political & Economic
Black Power offered practical help to black people living in the ghettos whilst ensuring the problems remained on the political agenda.
Martin Luther King's SCLC were highly effective in mobilizing southern blacks but they did not have the same impact with northern working class blacks - The SNCC and the Black Panthers were more appealing.
The commitment to addressing the economic problems in the ghettos and their stress on self-defence were what became appealing for northern working class blacks.
Malcom X, Stokely Carmichael and the Black Panthers share a vision of black people controlling their own communities.
FREEDOM CITIES -
Marion Bradley headed the campaign and in 1966 won the campaign for the black citizens in Washington DC to elect their own school boards.
The SNCC's work gained $3million
worth of government funding to help
The $1.5 million raised by the churches the federal
government in Mississippi to set up 85 Head Start Centers was faced with enormous opposition from
the racist state governor Ross R Barnett and
senator John C Stennis. Both of whom
tried to end the government aid
Health initiatives helped thousands of people in the late 1960s with the campaign concerning sickle cell anemia. This campaign later resulted in the 1972 government National Sick Cell Anemia Control Act.
By the end of the decade there were 49 Black Panther Clinics across America.
The Black Panthers Campaign
brought the illness to the nations
attention and saved lives.
Malcom X quoted 'the worst crime the white man has committed has been to teach us to hate ourselves'
Malcom X adopted the surname X in recognition that his original African name was lost which helped him shape his black identity.
The American vocabulary had also been altered
as black people referred to themselves as 'Black' not as 'Negroes' or 'Coloured'
Angela was a member of the SNCC and campaigned for black, women's and gay rights.
In 1970 she became involved
with the Black Panther plot to free a number of high profile black
As a resulted she became the
third woman in American
History to be on the FBI's top
10 most wanted list.
After a 2 month FBI hunt she was
captured but acquitted of all charges
at the end of her trial in 1972
Over time it was clear black power had a profound effect on black music.
The Cultural Impact
Jazz composer and musician
Miles Davis showed cultural changes of Black Power through Music.
When the SNCC and the Black
Panthers excluded white members
Davis formed an all black band.
Davis fought with his record company to
have pictures of black women featured on
his album cover - In 1965 his album ESP
featured a Black woman on it.
Black Power changed the way black people were portrayed in the media. NBC televisions Star Trek featured a highly trained, competent black character - Lieutenant Uhura.
Media Portrayal -
Eartha Kitt's Catwoman was an
even more striking example of a
powerful, assertive black character.
Black athletes Tommie Smith and John
Carlos kept black power in the news by
giving a 'power to the people' salute during
the 1968 Mexico City Olympics after
receiving their medals for the 200
The Black Power movement had an enormous impact on American culture and society.
With the emphasis on pride
and self-help progress was made in regards to the Free D.C movement and the sickle cell
Problems were faced however,
due to the high profile campaigns.
This is due to the fact it highlighted
racist opponents such as Senator
Nonetheless the radicalization provided courage of black activists and protestors from all backgrounds.