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Transcript of Environmental Movement
"Every once in a while in the history of mankind, a book has appeared which has substantially altered the course of history" -Senator Ernest Gruening The New Setting for Conflict in
Novels and Media Entertainment
The Day After Tomorrow
Lost City Raiders
The Day the Earth Caught Fire
The Day the Earth Stood Still
Happy Feet Stage 3: Embracing Technology http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_environmental_books http://www.npr.org/2013/04/20/176713022/so-hot-right-now-has-climate-change-created-a-new-literary-genre The Simpson's Movie
The Lorax Films that advocate for environmental conservation: http://dsc.discovery.com/tv-shows/curiosity/topics/unexpected-downsides-to-the-green-movement.htm http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/timeline/earthdays/
The Nature Conservancy is established in Washington, D.C. as a nonprofit organization with the mission to protect ecologically important lands and waters around the world. The Sierra Club gains national recognition for protesting construction of the Echo Park Dam in Dinosaur National Monument in Utah. After effective lobbying, Congress removed the Echo Park Dam from the Colorado River project. 1956 President Eisenhower speaks on the problem of air pollution in his State of the Union address, and in a Special Message to Congress he calls on the Public Health Service to study “effective methods of control.” Later that year, The Air Pollution Control Act passes Congress, becoming the first piece of legislation to address air pollution. 1955 1951 1968 The crew of Apollo 8 takes the first photograph of the Earth from space. The photograph, named “Earthrise,” will become the iconic image of the environmental movement. Stage 1: Conservation http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/special/nation/earth-day/2010/ Modern Environmentalism Integrates various fields of science to help the environment
Use technology to help improve our standard of living while we are helping the environment. Concepts such as Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY) and other tools can help us better understand ecosystems and use them to our advantage without destroying them Stage 2: Political Action
1960's -1970's http://www.bc.edu/dam/files/schools/law/lawreviews/journals/bcealr/28_2-3/07_TXT.htm 1854 Protected approximately 230,000,000 acres of public land. Roosevelt used his authority to protect wildlife and public lands by creating the U.S. Forest Service 51 Federal Bird Reservations
4 National Game Preserves
150 National Forests
5 National Parks
18 National Monuments Later FDR founded the first major federal commitment to the preservation of natural
resources in private hands. Published his first poetry and his first essay in The Dial, a journal edited by Ralph Waldo Emerson. What Drove Him to Walden Pond Transcendentalism "Philosophically considered, the universe is composed of Nature and the Soul." When his brother John died of a tetanus infection in 1842, Henry became so distressed that he began showing psychosomatic symptoms of his brother's fatal illness. Thoreau disgusted with the emphasis on commercialism in Concord.
He built himself a cabin in the woods, next to Walden Pond. He moved in on July 4, 1845 -- his own personal Independence Day. 1820s & 1830s David Henry Thoreau "He wanted to find out just what was life -- what is absolutely necessary in life and what is superfluous," Blanding Conformity to Defiance Paul R. Ehrlich Malthusian catastrophe argument that population growth will outpace agricultural growth unless controlled. Stewart Brand "Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish."
Greenhouse Gases Become Global Concern Look for Alternative Clean Energy Social Roots Improved Standard of Living
Increased Education Activists vs. New Technology, Corporate Industry, Government Bureaucracy Environmental Catastrophes Action Demand for Lower Emission Cars "Unless someone like you cares a whole lot, nothing's going to get better, its not"
-Dr Seuss 1965 Northeast Blackout Cuyahoga River Fire Santa Barbara Oil Spill 1969 Dirty Dozen Silent Spring Wilderness Act (1965)
Clean Air Act (1967)
National Trails Act (1968)
Wild and Scenic Rivers Act (1968)
Natural Resources Defense Council (1970)
Environmental Protection Agency (1970) Government Responds! Their efforts and the increasing momentum of the environmental movement culminated in the Earth Day celebration on April 22, 1970. Earth Day! MUSIC!!!!!!! BP Oil Spill
Melting of Polar Ice Caps
Japanese Nuclear Meltdown The 1980s "Mainstream Environmentalism" system of market-based incentives to entice companies to stop polluting “From the beginning of that administration, the new governmental leaders made clear their conviction that the ‘environmental movement’ had spent itself, was no longer viable, and could be readily dismissed and ignored.” Grassroots environmental groups were ignored by the Administration
mainstream environmentalism evolved into a cluster of public interest groups specializing in lobbying, legal expertise, scientific expertise, and the art of compromise. Group of Ten (G-10) "The only responsibility artists have is to understand the power of our craft and use it carefully". grassroots organizations emerged that were critical of mainstream environmental groups’ issue-by-issue strategy. "It’s hard for us to believe that the world under our feet could ever be any different than how it’s always been". "I would say I’m not optimistic but I am hopeful because hope is a renewable option". President Reagan Reagan's "Green" Record Pro's Con's Emerging "Cli-fi" Genre Between 1982 and 1988, Reagan signed 43 bills designating more than 10 million acres of federal wilderness areas in 27 states. This acreage accounted for nearly 10% of the National Wilderness Preservation System at the time. Reagan had signed more wilderness bills than any other president since the Wilderness Act was enacted in 1964 Earth's systems are out of whack. Said "trees cause more pollution than automobiles do."
Reagan issued leases for oil, gas, and coal development on tens of millions of acres of national lands.
Reagan's appointee to the EPA, Anne Gorsuch, tried to gut the 1972 Clean Water Act, cut EPA funding by 25%, and mismanaged a $1.6 billion program to clean up hazardous waste dumps.
He removed Solar panels from the White House The Climate is the modern villain. Dennis Hayes Hayes founded the Earth Day Network and expanded it to more than 180 nations. During the Carter Administration, Hayes became head of the Solar Energy Research Institute (now known as the National Renewable Energy Laboratory), but left this position when the Reagan Administration cut funding for the program. Revolution!!!!! Environment of Social Activism A Fierce Green Fire Move Yo' Body- For Environmentalism