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Baroque Music

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Nicole Caitlin

on 11 September 2014

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Transcript of Baroque Music

Baroque Music
Baroque Music Timeline
Famous Composer of Baroque Era
By: Azzahra, Ellifia, Miwa & Nicole
1607- Monteverdi composes Orfeo
1659- Purcell was born.
1666- The great fire in London
1671- Albinoni was born.
1685 (Ferbuary)- Handel was born.
1685 (March)- Bach was born.
1678- Vivaldi was born.
1680s- Pachelbel composes his Canon.
1689- Purcell composes his first opera Didos and Aeneas
1695- Purcell works in Westminster for three different kings in 25 years.
1703- Handel fought a duel with the composer Mattheson over the accompaniement to one of the Mattheson operas.
1717- Bach had 20 children 5 called Johann and one called Johanna.
1723- Vivaldi composes the Four Seasons.
Interesting Facts
About Baroque Music and Its Composers
Baroque Music Timeline
1727- Prince George I was crowned
1727- Handel composes ''Zadok the Priest"
1741- Vivaldi was a priest, but he was touring with a sultry soprano with a sister.
1742- Handel composes a messiah.
1749- Bach composses B Minor

When, Where, and How did Baroque music start and develop?
Baroque music began in Europe
in 1600-1750. After composers began to call
for specific instruments and ensembles. Instrumental music increasingly become important in baroque. Moreover they wrote music that could be played all together by different types of music instrument.

Johann Sebastian Bach
Marc-Antoine Charpentier
François Couperin
Girolamo Frescobaldi
George Frideric Handel
Jean-Baptiste Lully
Claudio Monteverdi
Giovanni Battista Pergolesi
Michael Praetorius
Henry Purcell
Jean-Phillippe Rameau
Alessandro Scarlatti
Domenico Scarlatti
Samuel Scheidt
Johann Hermann Schein
Heinrich Schütz
Georg Philipp Telemann
Antonio Vivaldi
Johann Pachelbel
- The flute used during Baroque era was made by wood.
- Lots of different lines of music (or ‘tunes’) all going their own way.
- These single tunes weave together to make the whole music.
- Baroque is a Portuguese word which means a pearl of irregular shape.
- The term Baroque when speaking of music means the music may be strange.
- The word "baroque" comes from the Italian word "barocco" which means bizarre.
- This word was first used to describe the style of architecture mainly in Italy during the 17th and 18th century.
- Later on the word baroque was used to describe the music styles of the 1600s to the 1700s.

History of Baroque Music
The Baroque period began at the 1600s - 1750s. The term 'Baroque' was taken from a Portuguese word
, which means 'oddly shaped pearl'. It is known as the Baroque period since the music composed in the period are overly ornamented and exaggerated. One of the first composers to participate in the Baroque period is Monteverdi. He wrote one of the earliest opera known as the L'Orfeo at the late Renaissance and early Baroque period. The last person believed to compose the last song of the Baroque period is Bach with his composition Mass in B minor.


We conclude that Baroque music is a unique type of music composed in the 1600s - 1750s. Baroque music includes overly ornamented and exaggerated composition (trills, etc.). Before researching about Baroque music these are our inquiry questions that need to be answered, and proceed to the next slide to get the answer.
1. What is the meaning of Baroque in music?
2. What are the characteristics of Baroque Music?
3. Where did Baroque Music develop?
4. Why did Baroque Music end at 1750?
5. Why do we still learn Baroque music in the present day ?
Famous Works during Baroque Era
4 Seasons, Antonio Vivaldi
Zadok the Priest (Coronation Anthem No.1, HWV 258), George Frederick Handel
Allegro, Johann Sebastian Bach
Canon, Pachelbel
Minuet & Badinerie, Johann Sebastian Bach
Air on the G String, Johann Sebastian Bach
Part 2. Hallelujah, George Frederick Handel
Toccata and Fugue in D minor, Johann Sebastian Bach
Arrival of the Queen of Sheba, George Frederick Handel, and etc.
Forms of Baroque Music
Functions of Baroque Music
-Opera (A stage presentation work that is usually include music, costumes, and scenery to tell a story. They are usually sung with no spoken lines)

-Sonatas (Music that is only written for one instrument or accompanied by 3 or 4 movements)

-Concerto grosso (A type of orchestra during the Baroque period where a small group of instrumental soloists play. It usually has 3 movements; fast-slow-fast. Composers who wrote Concerto grossos are Vivaldi, Handel & Corelli)

-Choral works (Music that is sung by choir. Each musical part is sung by two or more voices. The choir can be sung by a few dozens or even as large as to be able to sing the Symphony of a Thousand.)

"What Were the Music Forms and Styles of the Baroque Period?." About. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Sept. 2014. <http://musiced.about.com/od/historyofmusic/a/baroquemusic.htm>.
Most of the Baroque compositions are performed in Churches for a service, celebration, or as a part of a private concert in the home of a wealthy patron (a person who gives financial or other support to a person, organization).
As the Baroque period slowly evolved, public performances were starting to be more common especially in genres such as operas and oratorio (a large-scale musical work that includes orchestras and voices, a narrative that is usually on a religious theme). Modern concert tradition began spread along European cities. Public concerts contributes the growth of the middle class and has become and important source of income from musicians.

The popularity and success of the baroque style was encouraged By the catholic Churchill , Which had decided at the time of the council of trent, in response to the protestant reformation, that the Arts should communicate religious themes in directioners and emotional involvement.
"About the Baroque Period | Music of the Baroque." About the Baroque Period | Music of the Baroque. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Sept. 2014. <http://www.baroque.org/baroque/>.

"The Baroque Age." Music History 102. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Aug. 2014. <http://www.ipl.org/div/mushist/bar/>.

"Baroque Period Timeline." Classic FM. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Sept. 2014. <http://www.classicfm.com/discover/periods/baroque/>.

N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Sept. 2014. <http://tuhan-shop.net/classic/mamechishiki/ma-ongaku-no-zidaito.html>.

"Where, When, and How Did Baroque Music Begin? - Homework Help - ENotes.com." Enotes.com. Enotes.com, n.d. Web. 04 Sept. 2014. <http://www.enotes.com/homework-help/where-when-how-did-baroque-music-begin-466470>.

"Baroque Music | About the “Baroque” Period | Music of the Baroque." Baroque Music | About the “Baroque” Period | Music of the Baroque. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Sept. 2014. <http://www.baroque.org/baroque/whatis.shtml#concert>.

"50 Greatest Baroque Works." ALL MUSIC. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Sept. 14. <http%3A%2F%2Fwww.allmusic.com%2Falbum%2F50-greatest-baroque-works-mw0002291451>.


music is a Western European
art music
from about 1600 to 1750.
music forms a major portion
of the
"classical music". During the

composer and performers
more elaborate musical
, like trills and so on.

Conclusion [answering questions]

Characteristics of Baroque Music
1. What is the meaning of Baroque in music?
2. What are the characteristics of Baroque Music?
3. Where did Baroque Music develop?
4. Why did Baroque Music end at 1750?
5. Why do we still learn Baroque music in the present day ?
1. The meaning of Baroque in music is the music might be strange.
2. The characteristics of baroque music is that it includes ornamentation.
3. Baroque music develop in Italy, Germany (Europe) and London (England).
4. Baroque Music end at 1750 because a new form of music has began in 1751 which is Classical Music.
5. We still learn Baroque music in the present day because its one of the most important era in the music history.

1. Contents
2. Characteristics of Baroque Music
3.History of Baroque Music
4. Baroque Music Timeline
5. Where, When, and How did Baroque Music Started and Developed?
6. Forms of Baroque Music
7. Functions of Baroque Music
8. Instruments of Baroque Music
9. Famous Composers of Baroque Music
10.Famous Works during Baroque Era
11. Videos
12. Interesting Facts of Baroque Music

has a unique melody compare to another period in music history.
It used lots of ornamentation.
The bass line become much more independent in the song than the other line of the melody.
Vibrant rhythms, complex and expressive melody are written in most of the Baroque music works.
Music Instruments Used In Baroque Era
Trumpet (tromba)
Horn (corno)
Violin (Violino)
Cello (Viocello)
Organ (organo)
Full transcript