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Transcript of Cuban Independence
By: Ivonne Medina, Mariana Martinez, Sarah Lugo, Fer and Pricila Sotelo
The Cuban War of Independence (1895–1898) was the last of three liberation wars that Cuba fought against Spain
It started in February 24, 1895
Ten Years' War 1868–1878 , Carlos Manuel de Céspedes and his followers proclaimed Cuba's independence from Spain. Spain was very interested in cuba because of its sugar massive production, Cespedes wrote a constitution that abolished slavery, he also did a manifesto.Clearly, the tensions and energies of the Ten Years' War were not forgotten and this lead to other revolutions. (ended when both Spanish and Cuban signed the Pact of Zanjón)
Cuba's second rebellion against Spanish rule was ,Little War which started on 26 August 1879, by Calixto Garcia, one of the few revolutionary leaders who did not sign the Pact of Zanjón. This war lasted two years.
José Martí devoted himself to Cuban independence.“Martí’s impatience to start the revolution for independence was affected by his growing fear that the imperialist forces in the United States would succeed in annexing Cuba before the revolution could liberate the island from Spain.”
One the causes was the fiscal pressure by Spain, this struggled the economy of the island, some of the most affected by this were the middle class society.
Another cause was the economic crisis between the years 1857 and 1866, this cause that the occidental region of the island was far more developed than the oriental region, where the number of slaves was much higher.
The disintegration of the Spanish Empire in America, made the Colonial Government of Cuba be more despotic, this was another external cause of their Independence.
economic and social issues
lack of political respresentation
1894 spain canceled the trade pact between cuba and u.
u.s. and spain signed a preliminary peace treat
Carlos Manuel céspedes iniciador
1892 José Martí partido revolucionario
Antonio maceo 22 de octubre 1896
Valeriano weyler 1896 capitan general de cuba
19th century, believes of manifest destiny influenced the movemnets for north and south american and caribean islands conquest.
US tried to purchase Cuba from spain 4 times
Spanish where abusing Cubans, at this time many countrues where builidng and making big empires, United states wanted to take control over them in order to expant american military power, in the Caribean in the Pacific and all around the world. America wanted economic relations with Cuba.
Theodore Rosvelt pushed United states into war with Spain
Started because a Maine exploted and Rosvelt declared war.
U.S. intervention that ended the Spanish colonial presence in the Americas
The Ten-Year War (1868-78). (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.historyofcuba.com/history/funfacts/tenyear.htm
1868-1878: Ten Years' War in Cuba. (1999, January 1). Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl1.html
Cuban Independence Movement. (2014). In Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/145651/Cuban-Independence-Movement