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The Symbol of the WINDOW

A presentation about the symbol of the window in various forms of literature. Created by Stacey Lenes for WSU English 481.

Stacey Lenes

on 30 November 2016

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Transcript of The Symbol of the WINDOW

and its variability
in various media sources The Symbol of the
WINDOW (Short Story)
"The Story of an Hour"
by Kate Chopin (Short Story)
"The Yellow Wallpaper"
by Charlotte Perkins Gilman Goals •Written on April 19th, 1894
•Published originally as “The Dream of an Hour”
•Confinement vs. Freedom (Movie)
"Secret Window"
Written by David Koepp •Based on Stephen King’s novel “Secret Window, Secret Garden”
•Writers: Stephen King (novel), David Koepp (screenplay)
•Stars: Johnny Depp, Maria Bello, John Turturro
•Psychological thriller
•Features mental illness
• Sanity vs Insanity •6,000 words
•Written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman
•First published in January 1892 in the New England Magazine
•Considered a piece of feminist literature, illustrating women’s health
•Rest cure
•Sanity vs. Insanity, Confinement vs. Freedom, Stereotype vs Anti-Stereotype * Identify the usage of a window symbol in literature
* Examine a window symbol for its purpose both in the story and outside of the story
* Understand that the window symbol is rarely universal and present in many forms of media
* Identify the deeper meanings of symbols in literature
* Identify the deeper meanings of symbols in media such as movies and music Before Class - Read “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1892) + Marked Up

- Read “The Story of an Hour” by Kate Chopin (1894) + Marked Up

- Watched David Koepp’s “Secret Window” (2004)

- Glanced over "The Symbolism of Windows and Doors in Play Therapy" (Highlighted Copy) ACTIVITY:
Brainstorm 1) Write down as many ______ vs _______ 's
that could explain the usage of a window in
a piece of literature

2) When you're finished with that, write down
as many movies or stories that you can think of
that use a window as a symbol for a theme,
character, etc. you should have... Sources Crenshaw, David A., and Eric J. Green. Child Therapy Techniques, Sept. 2009. Web. 17 Mar. 2013. <http://www.childtherapytechniques.com/The%20Symbolism%20of%20Windows%20and%20Doors.pdf>.

Ferber, Michael. "A DICTIONARY OF LITERARY SYMBOLS." A DICTIONARY OF LITERARY SYMBOLS, By Michael Ferber | Zahra Shafi'i - Academia.edu. Cambridge, 2007. Web. 17 Mar. 2013. <http://www.academia.edu/1052805/A_DICTIONARY_OF_LITERARY_SYMBOLS_By_Michael_Ferber>.

Chopin, Kate. The Story of an Hour. Logan, IA: Perfection Learning, 2001. Print.

Woodlief, Ann. ""The Story of an Hour" Study Text." "The Story of an Hour"--study Text. VCU, n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2013. <http://www.vcu.edu/engweb/webtexts/hour/storyofhour.html>.

Koepp, David. Secret Window. Columbia Pictures. 12 Mar. 2004. Movie.

Gilman, Charlotte Perkins. The Yellow Wallpaper. [New York]: Feminist, 1973. Print.

Woodlief, Ann. ""The Yellow Wallpaper" Study Text." "The Story of an Hour"--study Text. VCU, n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2013. < http://www.vcu.edu/engweb/webtexts/wallpaper/ >.

King, Stephen. "StephenKing.com - Secret Window, Secret Garden." StephenKing.com - Secret Window, Secret Garden. StephenKing.Com, 2013. Web. 17 Mar. 2013. <http://www.stephenking.com/library/novella/secret_window_secret_garden_inspiration.html>.

Koepp, David. "The Art of Writing and Making Film Adaptations." Writing Studio, n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2013. <http://www.writingstudio.co.za/page455.html>. http://www.vcu.edu/engweb/webtexts/hour/storyofhour.html http://www.vcu.edu/engweb/webtexts/wallpaper/ "... it's a hard window to look out of.

I squeezed in, nevertheless, and looked out. That window looks down on a little brick-paved alcove between the house and the attached sunporch. It's an area I see just about every day . . . but the angle was new."

- Stephen King http://www.stephenking.com/library/novella/secret_window_secret_garden_inspiration.html Koepp admits that he is fascinated by exploring the surface people present and what's below it... and he shows this by using windows in every way he can. What should my marked up copy look like? Windows are literally the visual bridge between
(windows provide welcome light)
(but also pose a threat by virtue of what the light might
expose) The Windows
In these darkened rooms, where
I spend oppressive days,
I pace to and fro to find the windows.
When a window opens, it will be a consolation.
But the windows cannot be found, or I cannot find them.
And maybe it is best that I do not find them.
Maybe the light will be a new tyranny.
Who knows what new things it will reveal?

- Constantine P. Cavaffy "... writers from Emily Bronte to contemporary authors such as Stephen King and Dan Brown to capture symbolically psychological issues of central characters in their stories." ACTIVITY:
Materialize the Symbol In list format (1-2 pages), work with your group or on your own to come up with new meanings for the symbol of the window in one, two, or all of the pieces talked about in class today.

This will not be graded, but it will help you in your final semester essay's question. Written by Stacey Lenes ACTIVITY:
Usage of Windows in "Secret Window" We all know about the end window of the movie looking out into the garden...

but what other instances were windows (mirrors as well) used in the movie to convey certain feelings or developments for either Mort Rainey and/or another character? FINAL ESSAY QUESTION The Yellow Wallpaper? The yellow wallpaper is obviously the main symbol to this story


without the window, would we get the true effect of her growing insanity? Why are we learning this? In order to gain a better understanding of what a symbol DOES for a piece of literature, we must first 'define' it in regards to the plot, character(s), etc.

So, what does the symbol of the window DO for the plot or character(s) in the stories we read? In a group, or on your own, research either an example of a story/movie/song with the symbol of a window present (explicitly or implicitly) OR another culture's view on the symbol of the window.

You will have the month to complete the project. Each week, I will be checking in on your progress and, when the fourth week is up...

You must be prepared to present your project in some manner, whether it be a skit, a powerpoint, a movie, etc.

* First Monday: Know who you are working with (group or individual) and an idea on what you will be researching
* Second Monday: Know how you will present your topic to the class (as well as an estimation on how long it will take you
* Third Monday: Have your project/research done and most (if not all) of your product put together
* Fourth Monday: We begin presentations, so your topic presentation should be rehearsed and ready to go.
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