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Copy of The History of Photography


Nitu Mistry

on 11 February 2013

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Transcript of Copy of The History of Photography

History of Photography (Timeline) Obscura Camera The very first camera was created by a Muslim man named Alhazen. It was a pinhole camera called Obscura. 1000 AD It could be called the first stage to the photography evolution. 1725 Johann Heinrich Schulze discovers that when a particular mixture is “contaminated” with silver salt, it turns purple when exposed to sunlight. This was the first chemically photographic process that can be considered as a photogram. World's First Photo Silver Salt Contamination The first known photographic picture that could last without fading away was created using the Obscura camera by Joseph Nicephore. Joseph Nicephore 1827 His pictures were called Heliographs, the earliest known permanent photograph from nature. The process used bitumen to coat glass or metal which hardens when exposed to sunlight. The plate would then be washed with oil of lavender and only the hardened image area would remain. Daguerreotype 1835 Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre invented Daguerreotype after several years of experimentations using , he developed a more convenient and effective method of photography. The picture would not fade away and it took less time to make. This process was used for nearly two decades Talbotypes 1839 Henry Fox Talbot invented a photographic technique he called Talbotypes. He created negatives which could reproduce. If the picture was destroyed, the negative would be able to develop it again. He used a paper instead of metal to produce photos which was less expensive although his images weren’t as clear as Daguerre’s. 1851 Frederick Scott Archer invented the Collodion (wet plate) process. The exposure time is shorter and the quality of the picture is higher. Collodion Many famous photographers use this process because it cost less than Daguerreotypes. 1861 First Colored Photograpghy First Camera with Single-Lens Reflex Thomas Sutton created the first camera with single-lens reflex (SLR) This camera allows the photographer too see through the lens and capture exactly what was seen. James Clerk Maxwell discovered colored photography He took the first permanent colored photograph His demonstration of a color photography system involved three black and one white photograph which were taken through a red, green or blue filter. The photographs were turned into lantern slides and projected together. 1871 An English doctor named Richard Leach Maddox invented the dry plate process. He placed silver bromide in a gelatin emulsion. This made his plates 60 times more sensitive than collodion plates. This marked the beginning of modern photography. Dry Plate Negatives 1880 Zoopraxiscope Eadward Muybridge invented the zoopraxiscope to prove that horses lift all four hooves from the ground at one time, while running. Later, he projected them, showing motion. 1885 - 1888 Roll Film In 1888, the company released the first Kodak camera for sale, it had a fixed focus lens, a single shutter speed and it was cheap. George Eastman manufactured paper film in 1885 Then manufactured celluloid film in 1887. First Kodak Camera 1890 After the film had been used, it would be sent off in mail to be developed Brownie Box Roll Film Camera Kodak came out with Brownie Box Roll film camera The brownie was cheap, with a cardboard body , it made photo taking easy for everyone 1905 Alfred Stieglitz became the founder of a group called Photo-Secession. He expressed photography as a way of art. People called him the “patron saint of photography” 1666 Source of Color Issac Newton discovered that light is the source of color He used a prism to split the sunlight into colors and then recombined them 1906 Panchromatic Research creates a film that is sensitive to all visible colors. 1917 Nikon Nippon Kōgaku Kōgyō Kabushikigaisha was established in Tokyo and was later renamed as Nikon Nikon F was their first camera 1921 Rayographs Emmanuel Radnitzky also known as Man Ray invented Photograms which he called Rayographs 1990 Adobe Adobe Photoshop 1.0 image manipulation program was created Introduced for Apple Macintosh computers THE END....! By: Anthony Siu Paul Bartsch invented one of the first underwater cameras. 1922 1931 This was used to study moving things. Strobe Photography Harold Eugene Edgerton invented ultra-high-speed and stop-action photography 1985 Auto Focus Minolta develops the world's first autofocus SLR camera 2000 Camera Phone First Camera phones were invented by the mobile operator company "Sharp"
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