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Vancouver Style Citations
Transcript of Vancouver Style Citations
(In-Text Citations )
Whenever you use another author's words or ideas, you MUST include a citation in the text of your paper.
In Vancouver style, use end notes, a number in superscript format, placed in the text of the essay, that indicates the relevant reference.
If readers want to find the source that the information came from, they can find the full information in your reference page at the end of your paper.
have both end notes
a reference page in your paper.
The list of the references you have cited in your paper appears at the end of the document.
The Reference Page
You need to include full citations for all the sources you cited in the paper.
For each reference you will need to include:
1. Author or editor
2. Date of publication
3. Title of the item
Only sources that are cited in your paper should appear in the bibliography.
If you found a source, but didn't reference it in your paper, leave it out.
The reference list should be in numerical order,
and each number must match one in the text
When you finish writing your paper, start the bibliography on a new page.
The word "
" should be centered on the top of the page.
Each entry should be double-spaced.
The first line of each entry is not indented, but starts all the way to the left. Every other line in the entry must be indented a half inch.
When you use someone else's words or ideas in your paper, use end notes to give them credit for their ideas.
End notes are numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text, and each citation corresponds to a numbered reference, containing publication information about the source on the reference page.
In Vancouver style, it is called the
If a source is repeated, so is the number originally assigned to it.
It is not necessary to mention either the author(s) or the date of the reference unless it is relevant to your text.
It is not necessary to say "In reference(26) ..."
"In(26) ..." is sufficient.
Citing More Than One Reference at a Time
When citing more than one source at a time, list each end note separately with a comma or dash (without spaces) between each reference:
Placement of the citation numbers is generally at the end of the sentence, unless there are two individual sets of citations in each sentence.
Reference numbers should be placed outside of periods and commas, inside of colons and semicolons.
Citing a Direct Quotation
If a direct quote from a book or article is used, you must:
• Use quotation marks
• Give the page number at the end of the sentence
Only list each source once, no matter how many times you used it in your paper.
Use a citation generator to help you create your references: