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Sylvia Plath

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Nicole Tysz

on 11 December 2015

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Transcript of Sylvia Plath

Sylvia Plath
Syllabus
Theme Statement
Suffering
Biography - Sylvia Plath
Basic Information and fathers death - Nicole T.
Ex boyfriend Sassoon - Hillary
Mental Institution - Monica
Ted Hughes Divorce - Nicole K.
Suicide and suicide attempts - Danique
Historical Context
Extermination of the mentally ill - Hillary
The Great Depression - Danique
WW2 Japan Atomic Bombings - Nicole K.
Assassination of JFK - Nicole T.
Josef Mengele Experiments - Monica
Poem + Analysis
Mad Girl's Love Song
-Deconstruction of literary devices and connection to theme
Course Connections
Othello
Brave New World
Bokanovsky's process - Monica
John The Savage -
John vs. Sylvia - Danique
Poetry - Siren song - Hillary

About Sylvia Plath
Historical Context
On November 22, 1963 President John F. Kennedy was shot.
This was done while he was in sitting in a car, waving at the large and enthusiastic crowds that had gathered for the parade.
Harvey Oswald allegedly shot at him 3 times from the 6th floor of a building they were passing.
President Kennedy was fatally wounded and pronounced dead 30 mins later.
Mad Girl's Love Song Stanza 4
By: Monica, Danique, Hillary, Nicole K, Nicole T
Introduction
Sylvia Plath
Sylvia Plath had wanted to commit suicide by ingesting sleeping pills - 1953

Her family, friends and teachers worried about her and she was placed in McLean's Hospital in Belmont

After finding that the normal treatments weren't working they started Sylvia on Insulin Therapy for 3 months
Theme: Suffering
Emotional suffering inflicts greater pain than physical suffering.
Mad Girl's Love Song
Sylvia Plath
-Sylvia Plath had a deep and very emotional relationship with Richard Sassoon whom she had met while in Smith college in America.
Josef Mengele's Experiments
- known for brutal drawn out deaths at Auschwitz

- had obsession with twins
Extermination of the
mentally ill and handicapped
- On August 31st of 1939 Hitler ordered the extermination of the mentally ill and disabled.
-Aug 6th, 1945 Hiroshima was bombed by an American B-29 bomber
In Conclusion
Thanks for suffering through our presentation :)
Sylvia Plath
-Married Ted Hughes in 1956
-Had a daughter named Freida in 1960
-Had a son named Nicholas in 1962.
-Husband, Ted left Sylvia for another woman
-Relationship problems had an impact towards her deep depression.
-Plath spent her winter holiday in Paris with Sassoon, where Sassoon mentioned that he wanted to see other people.
-On February 25th Plath met with Dr.Darvy a psychiatrist, to speak about her depression.
- In her journal entry she wrote about her deep anger towards Sassoon's actions.
Born
: October 27, 1932 in Boston, Massachusetts.
From a young age Sylvia was seen as the
model child
(good grades, won prizes, etc.)
Although beneath the surface she was very sensitive and troubled.
Her father, Otto Plath

died when she was only
8 years old
.
This left her traumatized and deeply affect the
rest of her life
.
Stanza 2
The
stars
go
waltzing
out in blue and red,
And
arbitrary

blackness

gallops
in:
I shut my eyes and all the world drops dead
.
Arbitrary
blackness: shows that it can happen to anyone.

Repetition: seen multiple times throughout the poem.
Stanza 5
Personification
: the stars are given the ability to waltz, blackness to galop.

Describes how they are leaving her.
I fancied you'd return the way you said, But I grow old and I forget your name.
(I think I made you up inside my head.)
Repetition-
used to emphasize and convince herself that the man is made up.
Mad Girl's Love Song
"I shut my eyes and all the world drops dead;
I lift my lids and all is born again.
(I think I made you up inside my head.)

The stars go waltzing out in blue and red,
And arbitrary blackness gallops in:
I shut my eyes and all the world drops dead.

I dreamed that you bewitched me into bed
And sung me moon-struck, kissed me quite insane.
(I think I made you up inside my head.)

God topples from the sky, hell's fires fade:
Exit seraphim and Satan's men:
I shut my eyes and all the world drops dead.

I fancied you'd return the way you said,
But I grow old and I forget your name.
(I think I made you up inside my head.)

I should have loved a thunderbird instead;
At least when spring comes they roar back again.
I shut my eyes and all the world drops dead.
(I think I made you up inside my head.)"
Gallops:
connotes a fast-paced movement. Suggests that depression charged at her with full force.
Assassination of JFK
November 22, 1963
1945: Japanese Atomic Bombings
-80 000 people instantly killed
-Three days later on Aug 9th 1945 Nagasaki was bombed by another B-29 bomber
-40 000 people estimated to be killed instantly
-Survivors suffered a great deal of physical and emotional pain either from injuries and/or grief.
Stanza 3
I dreamed that you bewitched me into bed/ And sung me
moon-struck
, kissed me quite
insane
. / (
I Think I made you up inside my head
.)
-The "Sterilization Law" stated those with a genetic defect must be rid of from the German gene pool.
Theme, Lit criticism & Othello
- conducted experiments to see if you could change Jewish people and other races to be more of the Nazi view

- would see if different races could withstand different contagious diseases
- The emotional pain of the mentally ill and handicapped patients in finding out, they were going to be sent to killing centers because they weren't good enough or a disturbance. That inflicted a great pain on their self-esteem and the fact that they can't better themselves.
Emotional Suffering inflicts greater pain than physical suffering (Theme statement)
The survivors were left to suffer the emotional trauma the experiments gave them. As well as the physical side effects of such experiments
Othello
Lit criticism
- Many of the relatives suffered strong emotional pain in knowing that their family member had an unfair death.
Course Connections
OTHELLO
Brave New World Bokanovsky and Podsnap Techniques
The experiments left the people who are different to suffer

The people may have a physical defect resulting in their own personal physical suffering. But by being excluded from the groups this leaves the characters in emotional pain.

Specifically Bernard Marx seen on page 46

God topples from the sky, hell's
fires fade
:
Exit
seraphim
and
Satan's
men:
I shut my eyes and all the world
drops dead
.
Red words= consonance
Underlined= biblical allusion
Repitition of last line from stanza 2

Shows suffering and chaos of her world
John the Savage:
-Othello's trust in Iago caused him great suffering in the end especially when he realizes that killing his wife was a very wrong mistake.
-Othello was emotionally suffering hence, he decides to kill himself. Proving the fact that he could take the pain of stabbing himself to death, but could not bear the emotionally suffering he caused upon himself.
Siren song
-The Mermaid makes the sailor think that the emotional trauma from the physical trauma of squatting on the island is, so much greater than the physical to the point where the mermaid has to turn on her feathery maniac friends.
- The sailor feels guilty because of her emotional trauma, since she is doing something that she hates.
-She believes that her lover, who deserted her will once return the way he said he will.
-She is waiting, but he hasn`t returned. Therefore she is growing older and forgetting his name
- By forgetting his name and believing he is just an illusion is a way of her revenging herself on him.
Stanza 1
I dreamed that you bewitched me into bed
And sung me
moon-struck
, kissed me quite
insane
.
(I think I made you up inside my head.)
Repetition: (I think I made you up inside my head.)
Moon struck and insane:
Words to express mental health issue and or the feelings of young love.
Stanza 6
I should have loved a
thunderbird
instead;
At least when spring comes they
roar
back again.
I shut my eyes and all the world drops dead.

(I think I made you up inside my head.)
Emphasize on the fact that somethings that are brief feel like they never happened at all, like this young love.
Also can explain the different things that went on in Sylvia's head.when she was suffering from her mental health problems.
Nicole Krysiak
Nicole Krysiak
"I kiss'd thee ere I kill'd thee: no way but this, killing myself, to die upon a kiss." ( Lines 354-355)
"O Desdemon! Dead Desdemon! Dead! O! O!" (Line 279)
-Alliteration
Act 5 Scene 2
Nicole Krysiak
John felt that he never belonged anywhere.
When his mother Linda died, he suffered emotionally loosing tone person he truly cared about.
Brave New World
Sylvia Plath
Sylvia Plath and Richard Sassoon
Suicide and suicide attempts
Danique :)
1. When Plath was 10, it was revealed she attempted to commit suicide by cutting her throat.
2. On August 24 1953 when Plath was around age 21, she crawled under her mothers house and took a bottle of sleeping pills.
"It sounds peculiar, but she has set standards for herself that are almost unattainable. She's made almost a minor obsession of fulfilling what she believes to be her responsibility to her sponsors, and I am gravely concerned for her." ("Wellesley Woods Searched" 9).
"She recently felt she was unworthy of the confidence held for her by the people she knew. For some time she has been unable to write either fiction or her more recent love, poetry. Instead of regarding this as just an arid period that every writer faces at times, she believed something had happened to her mind, that it was unable to produce creatively anymore" ("Day-Long Search Fails" 1)
"Although her doctor assured us this was due to nervous exhaustion, Sylvia was constantly seeking ways for which to blame herself for the failure, and became increasingly despondent" (9).
"Almost every writer I know has severe depression…It's when you know you're not fulfilling yourself, when you know you're letting yourself down. To be an artist, you have to grant a certain authority to yourself'" (qtd. in Malcolm 107)
3. On February 11th 1963, Plath blocked all of her kitchen windows and doors with tape and cloths, then stuffed her head in an oven and turned on the gas dying from Carbon Monoxide poisoning.
At the age of 10 she tried to cut her throat in her first suicide attempt.
Repitition- of final lines shows desperation
Thunderbird- Mythological Allusion
Roar- Aural Imagery
The Great Depression
Stock market crash from around 1929 to 1940
Although the physical pain like starvation was defintely a large form of
suffering during the
depression, many suffered
more from the other
psychological and
emotional effects.
This lead to again, the greatest form of physical suffering, suicide.
"
I shut my eyes and all the world drops
dead
;
I lift my lids and all is
born again.
(I think I made you up inside my
head
.)
Rhyme - Dead
Head
Emphasizes the relation between the two lines
Symbolization - "World" actually symbolizes
Plaths suffering
"Born Again" - Connotation hinting to starting all over
John The Savage
Theme: Emotional suffering inflicts greater pain than physical suffering.
“I ought to have been there,” the young man went on. “Why wouldn’t they let
me be the sacrifice? I’d have gone round ten times-twelve, fifteen. Palowhtiwa
only got as far as seven. They could have had twice as much blood from me.
The multitudinous seas incarnadine.” He flung out his arms in a lavish gesture;
then, despairingly, let them fall again. “But they wouldn’t let me. They disliked
me for my complexion. It’s always been like that. Always.” Tears stood in the
young man’s eyes; he was ashamed and turned away.
John had no problem with being whipped multiple times on end to the point where he bled so much that he could make an ocean red.
However, when thinking about how the other kids did not accept him for his skin color, he immediately starts to tear up
Sylvia
John
Suffered from a young age
In depth thinking;
higher intelligence
Spontaneous suicide
Heartbreak
Pre meditated suicide
Had a family and loved ones
Alone
Did not fit into thier social surroundings
Could not live with herself
Could not live in his society
Death represented the destruction of herself
Death represented destruction of society
"Is there any hope?" he asked.
"You mean, of her not dying?" (He nodded.) "No, of course there isn't. When somebody's sent here, there's no …" Startled by the expression of distress on his pale face, she suddenly broke off. "Why, whatever is the matter?" she asked. She was not accustomed to this kind of thing in visitors. (Not that there were many visitors anyhow: or any reason why there should be many visitors.) "You're not feeling ill, are you?"
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