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Battle of Antietam
Transcript of Battle of Antietam
Location: Sharpsburg, Maryland
First major battle of the Civil war
Bloodiest single day battle in American history
Battle of Antietam
The Confederate States
Leader : Robert E. Lee
1,015 captured and missing
The United States
Leader: George B. McClellan
753 captured and missing
Battle of Antietam
Yulissa Ballesteros, Ariel Santana, Xhuljano Gjoshi
George B. McClellan
George Brinton McClellan
24th governor of New Jersey
Was in office for three years (Januray 15,1878-January 18,1881)
Born: December 3,1826 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Died: October 29, 1885 at the age of 58 in Orange, New Jersey
Spouse:Mary Ellen Marcy McClellan
Studied:United States Military Academy
Robert Edward Lee
Born: January 19, 1807 in Stratford Hill, Virgina
Suffered a stroke on September 28,1870.
Died:Two weeks after the stoke on October 12, 1870 in Lexington, Virginia
Studied: Unites States Military Academy
He graduated second out of his class.
Married Mary Anna Randolph Custis and had seven children
His wife was also his third cousin.
Robert E. Lee "The Marble Man"
Gained and Lost
In this Battle Union Army won.
Freed the Slaves.
Gave Lincoln Victory
Changed the geopolitical course of the American Civil War.
22,000 casualties it was known as the most bloodiest single day battle.
Though McClellan failed to utilize his numerical superiority to crush Lee’s army, he was able to check the Confederate advance into the north.
Guns used at the Battle of Antietam
1842 Springfield rifled
Springfield rifle musket
1. the 10. pdr parrot the union had 68 the confederates at 48
2. 12-pdr. Howitzer
3 .12-pdr. James
4. 14-pdr. James
5. 20-pdr. Parrott
6 .24-pdr. Howitzer
7 .3-in. Ordnance Rifle
8. 32-pdr. Howitzer
9. 6-pdr. Gun
Lee wanted to carry war into the North and to get needed troops and supplies
Lee also wanted European recognition and to possibly win Maryland over
The Battle stopped Lee's invasion of the North but the Union conducted a disastrous battle plan
But they really didn't develop a clear Strategy
How did the battle affect the war
The union won their first invasion from the south.
Abraham Lincoln was able to release the Emancipation Proclamation.
The victory lifted the Unions spirits
Stopped Britan and France from interfering in the war
The battle helped Lincoln get reelected.
Battle began at approximately
at 5:30am in the `morning on September 17 with an attack down the Hagerstown Turnpike by the Union under Joseph Hooker
When the Union emerged from the woods an artillery duel erupted.
After two hours and 2,500 casualties, they were back where they started
Sedgwick's division of 5,400 men was the first to cross the Antietam, and they entered the East Woods with the intention of turning left and forcing the Confederates south into the assault of Burnside's Corps. But the plan didn't go as planned. They became separated from William H. French's division, and at 9 a.m. Sumner, who was accompanying the division, launched the attack with an unusual battle formation—the three brigades in three long lines
They were assaulted first by Confederate artillery and then from three sides and in less than half an hour Sedgwick's men were forced to retreat in great disorder to their starting point with over 2,200 casualties, including Sedgwick himself, who was taken out of action for several months by a wound
The final actions in the morning phase of the battle were around 10 a.m
The morning phase ended with casualties on both sides of almost 13,000, including two Union corps commanders
By midday, the action had shifted to the center of the Confederate line
Reinforcements were arriving on both sides, and by 10:30 a.m. Robert E. Lee sent his final reserve division—some 3,400 men under Maj. Gen. Richard H. Anderson
The carnage from 9:30 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. on the sunken road gave it the name Bloody Lane, leaving about 5,600 casualties (Union 3,000, Confederate 2,600) along the 800-yard road
The action moved to the southern end of the battlefield
McClellan's plan called for Maj. Gen. Ambrose Burnside and the Corps to conduct a diversionary attack in support of Hooker's Corps. Burnside had four divisions (12,500 troops) and 50 guns east of Antietam Creek
Burnside's assault stalled again on its own. His officers had neglected to transport ammunition across the bridge. This represented another two-hour delay. Gen. Lee used this time to bolster his right flank. He ordered up every available artillery unit
The battle was over by 5:30 p.m. Losses for the day were heavy on both sides. The Union had 12,401 casualties with 2,108 dead. Confederate casualties were 10,318 with 1,546 dead.
This represented 25% of the Federal force and 31% of the Confederate.
More Americans died in battle on September 17, 1862, than on any other day in the nation's military history. Several generals died as a result of the battle
President Lincoln was disappointed in McClellan's performance. He believed that McClellan's cautious and poorly coordinated actions in the field had forced the battle to a draw rather than a crippling Confederate defeat
Lincoln relieved McClellan of his command of the Army of the Potomac on November 7, effectively ending the general's military career
Lincoln and McClellan on