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Effects of Indian Independence -> WHAP

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ananya talikoti

on 4 May 2013

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Transcript of Effects of Indian Independence -> WHAP

Effects of Indian Independence Differences between Indian independence and other countries: Although India shared some of the same ideals as other countries that obtained their independence during the same time, there were profound differences between the Indian independence movement and other other nations. For example, unlike Egypt and some other Middle Eastern countries, Indians have managed to preserve civilian rule throughout the almost 50 years that they have been free. For the most part, the Indian military has consistently supported a secular democracy over religious extremism; the country as a whole is also a secular nation. India Immediately After Independence: Although India has a staggering problem with overpopulation, the country has a large science and industrial sector, good communication and a strong bureaucratic grid and a fairly skilled middle class that has been present since before independence was obtained.

During the years directly following independence, India was governed by leaders such as Jawaharlal Nehru and the Congress Party, who were deeply committed to social reform, economic development, and the preservation of civil rights and democracy. The Congress Party ruled for the majority of the independence era and was created for the purpose of preserving democracy and enhancing Indian nationalism. Nehru's Rule Nehru's approach to governmental development involved a moderate mix of state and private initiatives. He also heightened and encouraged foreign investment from all countries. Because of this, India has been able to to use these initial advances and advantages and improve it's industry. The Green Revolution As a direct result of the growing capitalist sector in India , ambitious farmers, especially those in the northwest, introduced improved seed strains, fertilizers, and irrigation as a means of producing higher crop yield. This industrial and agrarian growth has helped generate the revenue that is necessary for the Indian government to promote ideas such as village literacy, village electrification, and other rural improvement projects. Technology Apart from all of these advances, Indians have also developed one of the largest and most sophisticated high-tech sectors in the world, and has its own "silicon valleys." Since the late 1980s, India has also had a huge place in computer engineering. The Middle Class Since the independence era, the middle class has grown, though not extremely rapidly. It's presence can be seen in the affluence of some Indian neighborhoods, as well as the rapidly growing film industry.

However, about 50% of Indians have gained nothing from these reforms. The Negatives India has been hit hard by numerous corrupt and self serving politicians, and, like some other nations, there have not been a significant enough amount of resources to increase the standard of living for the entire population.

In some ways, population growth seems to offset economic gains in the country. Social reform has also been stunted in some areas more than others. The rich landlords who initially had the nationalistic drive still dominate government and economy.

Due to this, in some ways, it somewhat seems as though the poor have not been benefited by any of the post colonial changes in India. Leaders of the Revolution Jawarharlal Nehru, a longtime friend of revolutionary leader Mahatma Gandhi became the prime minister of India after the successful independence movement.
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